+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Effect of the Diyala River irrigation water in the accumulation of cadmium and lead in the soil and plant and some of the chemical Properties of the soil



Effect of the Diyala River irrigation water in the accumulation of cadmium and lead in the soil and plant and some of the chemical Properties of the soil



Research Journal of Pharmaceutical Biological and Chemical Sciences 8(4): 823-831



Biological pot experiment was conducted in the plastic house return to the Department of Soil Science and Wate Resources / College of Agriculture University of Baghdad. Using the soil , silt loam texture (SiL) take from one agricultural fields for the Jadiriyah / Baghdad province to study the concentration of some heavy elements lead, cadmium pb, Cd in the waters of the Diyala River and its impact on some of the chemical characteristics of the soil and the extent of soil contamination Accumulation Heavy elements pb, Cd in the soil and plants. It was planted (Millet) domestic product (Panicum miliaceum L.) in a way prose in a plastic pot capacity of 10 kg in autumn 2016 season. Written by fertilizer NPK fertilizer recommendation were two types of irrigation water are the Diyala river water and tap water after draining 50% of water field capacity. Implemented a global experience as full design of randomization CRD with three replications and six transactions are: irrigation tap water only (compared) with the addition of fertilizer NPK and its code symbol C-1 and irrigation tap water only without adding fertilizer NPK and its code symbol C-2 and irrigation water tap and water Diyala River at 1:1 with the addition of fertilizer NPK and a symbol by the symbol T-1 and irrigation water tap and water Diyala River ratio of 1:2 with fertilizer NPK and a symbol by the symbol T-2 and irrigation water Diyala River, only with the addition of fertilizer NPK and its code symbol T-3 and irrigation tap water once the waters of the Diyala river again (alternating) code and by the symbol T-4 .It took plant samples of whole plants before flowering stage and at harvest and as the concentration of the elements pb, Cd and as the focus of the two elements above were also taking dust samples in the two periods as above and in which the concentration of the above elements with some of the chemical characteristics of the soil .The results indicated the Diyala River water pollution elements lead, cadmium and high concentrations than permitted by the (World Health Organization '2003) Borders and poor water quality as the classified C(4)S(1)few sodic and very high salinity. The results showed the superiority of the tow treatment T-2 and T-3 increase the concentration and accumulation of lead and cadmium in the tissues of the plant at harvest stage as it stood at 51.55 and 70.30 mg pb. Kg (-1) dry matter exceeding the permitted by the (World Health Organization 2003) Border, amounting to 0.3 mg pb. Kg (-1) dry matter.Also excelled treatments T-2 and T-3 in increasing the uptake of lead at the the harvest stage was all of the significant effect transactions in increasing the quantity of lead absorbed in the plant, but the treatment T3 overtook the lead and reached the concentration of 0.0800 mg pb. plant-1.As for cadmium concentrations it has increased significantly in the shoot at the harvest reached 4.920 and 5.970 7.170 mg Cd values. Kg (-1) dry matter for transactions above alternately, all the above values exceeded the permissible limits by the (World Health Organization 2003), amounting to 0.1 mg Cd. Kg (-1) dry matter. The concentrations of the element cadmium absorbed by the plant at the harvest has been very high all were exceeding the permitted limits and international transactions T-1 and T-2 and T-3 amounting to 0.0059 and 0.0070 and 0.081 mg Cd. Kg (-1) dry matter harvest and for transactions above the sequencers. The remaining lead in the soil increased concentrations morally and internationally T-1 and T-2 and T-3 and T-4 exceeding the allowable limits as well as cadmium. amounting to 0.056 and 0.061 and 0.073 and 0.053 mg pb. Kg (-1) soil. and 0.0068 and 0.0093 and 0.181 and 0.064 mg Cd. Kg (-1)soil alternately.The results indicated a low dry weight of plants and grains yield when flowering and harvest phases with increasing quantity irrigated by water from the Diyala River.Led the Diyala River irrigation water to the process to increase the electrical conductivity of the soil after the harvest increase was proportional with the increase in quantity irrigated by water from the Diyala River, with 3.81 and 4.12 and 4.83 and 3.12 values reached dS.m(-1) transactions T-1 and T-2 and T-3 and T-4 respectively in comparison with the comparison, which amounted to1.00 dS.m(-1). Also increased the percentage of land degradation is directly proportional to increase the amount of irrigation water from the Diyala River as it stood at 34.32% and 39.33% and 48.24% and 19.87% for transactions above the sequencers.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 066342155

Download citation: RISBibTeXText


Related references

Effect of quality and quantity of irrigation water on soil chemical properties and chemical composition of sorghum plants grown on a clayey soil. Annals of Agricultural Science, Moshtohor 29(4): 1825-1841, 1991

The use of saline irrigation water, its effect on soil properties and plant growth; I, Soil aggregation. Egyptian Journal of Soil Science 22(1): 11-21, 1982

Effect of irrigation water quality and soil amendments on crop yields and physico-chemical properties of the soil. Misc Publ Texas Agric Expt Sta 441: 3-17, 1960

Effect of overhead irrigation and nitrogen fertilizer application on potatoes and soil. III. Water management and chemical properties of the soil. Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Rolniczej w Szczecinie, Rolnictwo 59: 29-34, 1995

Effect of irrigation water quality, sulfuric acid and gypsum in plant growth and on some physical and chemical properties of Pima soil. Dissertation Abstracts International, B 38(1): 20, 1977

Comparable Effect of Commercial Composts on Chemical Properties of Sandy Clay Loam Soil and Accumulation of Trace Elements in Soil-Plant System. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 20(1): 85-92, 2018

The effect of physical and chemical soil properties on the accumulation of cadmium in carrot. Acta Horticulturae (571): 73-77, 2002

Effect of sprinkler irrigation and nitrogen fertilizer application on sugar and fodder beets cultivated on a good rye complex soil. III. Water management and chemical properties of the soil. Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Rolniczej w Szczecinie, Rolnictwo 59: 73-79, 1995

The effect of different intensities in the cultivation of a loamy-sandy soil on some soil properties and various characteristics of plant development. 2. the effect on chemical biological properties of the soil. Albrecht Thaer Archiv 3(11): 1061-1069, 1969

Effect of irrigation water quality under supplementary irrigation on soil chemical and physical properties in the Southern Humid Pampas of Argentina. Journal of Crop Production 2(2): 85-99, 1999

Implications of saline irrigation water and zinc applications on soil chemical properties and wheat plant. Annals of Agricultural Science, Moshtohor 42(4): 2089-2100, 2004

Effect of sprinkler irrigation and nitrogen fertilizer application on winter wheat and winter triticale cultivated on a good rye complex soil. III. Water management and chemical properties of the soil. Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Rolniczej w Szczecinie, Rolnictwo 59: 51-56, 1995

Soil Inorganic Carbon Accumulation in Sand Putting Green Soils: I. Field Relationships among Climate, Irrigation Water Quality, and Soil Properties. Crop Science 56(1): 452-462, 2016

Effect of irrigation with Vrishabavathi river and hebbal tank water on soil properties. Current Research University of Agricultural Sciences Bangalore 31(3/4): 35-38, 2002

The effect of soil properties and a synthetic municipal landfill leachate on the retention of cadmium nickel lead and zinc in soil and sediment materials. Journal Water Pollution Control Federation 60(3 Part 1): 379-385, 1988