+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Tissue Fatty Acid Deposition, Plasma Lipid and Cytokine Profile in Pigs Fed a Diet with Fish Oil or Palm Oil

Tissue Fatty Acid Deposition, Plasma Lipid and Cytokine Profile in Pigs Fed a Diet with Fish Oil or Palm Oil

Czech Journal of Animal Science 62(11): 482-490

The present study tested a hypothesis concerning a favourable effect of dietary fish oil on the tissue polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) deposition, and on plasma lipid and cytokine profile. Thirty-two pigs divided into two groups of 16 animals each were fed for 70 days a diet with 2.5% of fish oil (F) and palm oil (P), respectively. The content of PUFA n-3 in the liver, muscle (m. quadriceps femoris), and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) of the F-and P-pigs was 530 and 129, 84 and 19, 1365 and 191 mg/100 g of the fresh tissue, respectively (differences between dietary groups were significant at P < 0.01 in all tissues). Dietary fish oil in comparison with palm oil decreased (P < 0.05) total plasma cholesterol, but also desirable high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and had no effect (P > 0.05) both on low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triacylglycerols. Moreover, dietary fish oil increased (P < 0.05) expression of the genes coding for not only anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-10 (P < 0.01) and TGF-beta 1 (P < 0.05), but also for pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6 (P < 0.01), IL-12, and TNF-alpha (P < 0.05) in the VAT, and increased (P < 0.05) the expression of the IL6 gene in the liver. On the other hand, no significant differences (P > 0.05) between the F-and P-pigs in plasma levels of any tested cytokine were found out. It was concluded that an effect of dietary fish oil on tissue fatty acid deposition is undeniable, but its effects on plasma markers related to the risk of chronic degenerative diseases require further research.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 066344670

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.17221/110/2016-cjas

Related references

Effect of dietary fish oil on fatty acid deposition and expression of cholesterol homeostasis controlling genes in the liver and plasma lipid profile: comparison of two animal models. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition 101(6): 1093-1102, 2016

Low n-6 n-3 fatty acid ratio, with fish- or flaxseed oil, in a high fat diet improves plasma lipids and beneficially alters tissue fatty acid composition in mice. European Journal of Nutrition 47(3): 153-160, 2008

Hypercholesterolaemia alters the responses of the plasma lipid profile and inflammatory markers to supplementation of the diet with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids from fish oil. European Journal of Clinical Investigation 36(11): 788-795, 2006

The effect of palm oil or canola oil on feedlot performance, plasma and tissue fatty acid profile and meat quality in goats. Meat Science 94(2): 165-169, 2013

The effect of fish and soybean oil inclusion in goat diet on their milk and plasma fatty acid profile. Livestock Science 155(2-3): 236-243, 2013

A maternal diet of fatty fish reduces body fat of offspring compared with a maternal diet of beef and a post-weaning diet of fish improves insulin sensitivity and lipid profile in adult C57BL/6 male mice. Acta Physiologica 209(3): 220-234, 2014

Different levels of linoleic acid in the diet to pigs. 1. Changes in the fatty acid composition of lipids from plasma, adipose tissue, and skeletal muscle during the growth period. Zeitschrift fur Tierphysiologie Tierernahrung und Futtermittelkunde 31(6): 317-332, 1973

Substituting fish oil with crude palm oil in the diet of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) affects muscle fatty acid composition and hepatic fatty acid metabolism. Journal of Nutrition 132(2): 222-230, 2002

Different levels of linoleic acid in the diet of pigs part 1 changes in the fatty acid composition of lipids from plasma adipose tissue and skeletal muscle during the growth period. Zeitschrift Fuer Tierphysiologie Tierernaehrung Und Futtermittelkunde: 317-332, 1973

Effect of dietary sunflower oil and coconut oil on adipose tissue gene expression, fatty acid composition and serum lipid profile of grower pigs. Archives of Animal Nutrition 66(4): 271-282, 2012

Adipose tissue fatty acid composition and its relations to diet and plasma lipid concentrations in hemodialysis patients. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 53(2): 469-473, 1991

Fatty acid profile of the sow diet alters fat metabolism and fatty acid composition in weanling pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology 181(1-4): 45-53, 2013

Effect of feeding a diet containing a 20% heated buckwheat flour milling byproduct on the fatty acid composition of the lipid and muscle tissue of fattening pigs. Japanese Journal of Swine Science 43(1): 11-15, 2006

Restoration of fillet n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid is improved by a modified fish oil finishing diet strategy for atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) smolts fed palm fatty acid distillate. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 60(1): 458-466, 2012

Site-specific differences in the fatty acid composition of abdominal adipose tissue in an obese population from a Mediterranean area: relation with dietary fatty acids, plasma lipid profile, serum insulin, and central obesity. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 74(5): 585-591, 2001