Identification and validation of QTLs for cold tolerance at the booting stage and other agronomic traits in a rice cross of a Japanese tolerant variety, Hananomai, and a NERICA parent, WAB56-104
Wainaina, C.M.; Makihara, D.; Nakamura, M.; Ikeda, A.; Suzuki, T.; Mizukami, Y.; Nonoyama, T.; Doi, K.; Kikuta, M.; Samejima, H.; Menge, D.M.; Yamauchi, A.; Kitano, H.; Kimani, J.M.; Inukai, Y.
Plant Production Science 21(2): 132-143
In Africa, cold temperatures occur in the highlands of East and Southern Africa and in some areas of the Sahel region of West Africa leading to substantial rice yield losses. Cold tolerance (CT) at booting stage on basis of spikelet fertility after cold water irrigation was evaluated using F-2 population derived from a cross between temperate japonica, Hananomai, and tropical japonica, WAB56-104. Two Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for CT were detected on chromosome 8 and 10 with enhanced effects on the trait coming from Hananomai and WAB56-104 allele, respectively. The QTLs explained 30% and 33% of phenotypic variation in spikelet fertility, respectively. CT was negatively correlated with panicle number (r = -0.35, p < 0.01) and positively correlated with panicle weight (r = 0.61, p < 0.001). Selected BC1F4 and BC1F5 genotypes having homozygous alleles for both CT QTLs exhibited higher spikelet fertility under cold stress. The identified QTLs will be useful in the development of cold-tolerant varieties for production in high altitude areas through marker-assisted selection.