The influence of housing and feeding systems on selected fattening and slaughter parameters of finishing pigs with different genotypes
Knecht, D.; Jankowska-Makosa, A.; Srodon, S.; Duzinski, K.
Animal Production Science 58(10): 1915-1921
The aim of the present study was to demonstrate the influence of housing and feeding systems on selected fattening and slaughter parameters of finishers with different genotypes. The experimental population consisted of 1200 finishers in three genetic variants from the Landrace (L), Large White (LW), Duroc (D) and Pietrain (P) breeds: 400 finishers L x [D x P] genotype, 400 finishersLW x [D x P] genotype and 400 finishers [L x LW] x [D x P] genotype. Subgroups were isolated for each genetic variant with the experimental factors: housing system (slatted floor or deep litter) and feeding system (dry or liquid). Selected fattening parameters were analysed: final liveweight (kg), mortality (%), average daily gain (g/day) and feed conversion ratio (kg/kg gain). Additionally, slaughter parameters were analysed: carcass weight (kg), height of longissimus dorsi (LD) muscle (mm), backfat thickness (mm) and lean meat content (%). The housing system strongly affected the final liveweight, average daily gain and carcass weight. To a lesser degree, this factor determined the mortality, feed conversion ratio, height of LD muscle, backfat thickness and lean meat content. The feeding system substantially affected almost all fattening parameters, except for the mortality. Statistical analysis of slaughter parameters showed that the impact of the feeding system was confirmed statistically only in terms of carcass weight. Genotype largely determined the final liveweight, average daily gain, carcass weight and lean meat content. Taking into account interactions of all factors, the most favourable effect in terms of production was to fattening four- way crossbreeds [L x LW] x [D x P] on slatted floors and fed by liquid feeding.