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Hierarchical Structure of iPP During Injection Molding Process with Fast Mold Temperature Evolution

Hierarchical Structure of iPP During Injection Molding Process with Fast Mold Temperature Evolution

Materials 12(3):

Mold surface temperature strongly influences the molecular orientation and morphology developed in injection molded samples. In this work, an isotactic polypropylene was injected into a rectangular mold, in which the cavity surface temperature was properly modulated during the process by an electrical heating device. The induced thermo-mechanical histories strongly influenced the morphology developed in the injection molded parts. Polarized optical microscope and atomic force microscope were adopted for morphological investigations. The combination of flow field and cooling rate experienced by the polymer determined the hierarchical structure. Under strong flow fields and high temperatures, a tightly packed structure, called shish-kebab, aligned along the flow direction, was observed. Under weak flow fields, the formation of β-phase, as cylindrites form, was observed. The formation of each morphological structure was analyzed and discussed on the bases of the flow and temperature fields, experienced by the polymer during each stage of the injection molding process.

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Accession: 066446230

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 30704102

DOI: 10.3390/ma12030424

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