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Insights into Catalytic and tRNA Recognition Mechanism of the Dual-Specific tRNA Methyltransferase from Thermococcus kodakarensis

Insights into Catalytic and tRNA Recognition Mechanism of the Dual-Specific tRNA Methyltransferase from Thermococcus kodakarensis

Genes 10(2)

The tRNA methyltransferase Trm10, conserved throughout Eukarya and Archaea, catalyzes N1-methylation of purine residues at position 9 using S-adenosyl methionine as the methyl donor. The Trm10 family exhibits diverse target nucleotide specificity, with some homologs that are obligate m¹G₉ or m¹A₉-specific enzymes, while others are bifunctional enzymes catalyzing both m¹G₉ and m¹A₉. This variability is particularly intriguing given different chemical properties of the target N1 atom of guanine and adenine. Here we performed an extensive kinetic and mutational analysis of the m¹G₉ and m¹A₉-catalyzing Trm10 from Thermococcus kodakarensis to gain insight into the active site that facilitates this unique bifunctionality. These results suggest that the rate-determining step for catalysis likely involves a conformational change to correctly position the substrate tRNA in the active site. In this model, kinetic preferences for certain tRNA can be explained by variations in the overall stability of the folded substrate tRNA, consistent with tRNA-specific differences in metal ion dependence. Together, these results provide new insight into the substrate recognition, active site and catalytic mechanism of m¹G/m¹A catalyzing bifunctional enzymes.

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Accession: 066446235

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 30704107

DOI: 10.3390/genes10020100

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