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Extraction of 'Gannanzao' Orange Peel Essential Oil by Response Surface Methodology and its Effect on Cancer Cell Proliferation and Migration



Extraction of 'Gannanzao' Orange Peel Essential Oil by Response Surface Methodology and its Effect on Cancer Cell Proliferation and Migration



Molecules 24(3)



The essential oil of 'Gannanzao' orange peel was extracted by hydrodistillation, and the extraction conditions were optimized by Box⁻Behnken response surface methodology. The components of essential oil were analyzed by GC-MS. Thirty-nine different components were detected, accounting for 99.59% of the total oil. Limonene (88.07%) was the prominent component. The optimal extraction conditions were as follows: liquid material ratio of 8.4:1 (mL/g), sodium chloride concentration of 5.3%, and distillation time of 3.5 h. The Cell Counting Kit-8 assay showed that 'Gannanzao' orange peel essential oil had good dose-dependent inhibition effect on the proliferation of HepG2 hepatoma cells and HCT116 colorectal cancer cells. When the concentration of the essential oil was 0.6 μL/mL or higher, the viability rate of both cancer cells became lower than 13.0%. The transwell assay indicated the essential oil can inhibit migration of both cancer cells at the concentration of 0.3 μL/mL.

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Accession: 066446244

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 30704118

DOI: 10.3390/molecules24030499


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