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How diet and the microbiome shape health or contribute to disease: A mini-review of current models and clinical studies

How diet and the microbiome shape health or contribute to disease: A mini-review of current models and clinical studies

Experimental Biology and Medicine 2019: 1535370219826070

The studies reviewed in this article combine diet in the context of disease progression or treatment with analysis of the microbiome. First, we present findings on how diet manipulation impacts the microbiome and disease pathogenesis in a broad variety of rodent models of disease. Then, we describe results from clinical trials that are using diet therapies to attempt to shift the microbiome and treat disease symptoms. Finally, we discuss what these studies have taught us about the influence of the microbiome of disease and health states and highlight the evidence suggesting that dietary modulation of the microbiome is an emerging therapeutic option for a variety of different diseases.

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Accession: 066446411

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PMID: 30704299

DOI: 10.1177/1535370219826070

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