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Sail sign in neonatal pneumomediastinum: a case report

Sail sign in neonatal pneumomediastinum: a case report

Bmc Pediatrics 19(1): 38

Pneumomediastinum is an uncommon cause of neonatal respiratory distress. Clinical history and examination of the neonate may be uninformative in determining the aetiology of the respiratory distress. Chest x-ray can be diagnostic of pneumomediastinum however is often difficult to interpret. A 36 week gestation newborn was delivered by emergency caesarean section, intubated and given intermittent positive pressure ventilation via Neopuff™ for apnoea before being extubated to CPAP. Chest radiography initially showed bilateral upper zone opacities, presenting a diagnostic dilemma; however subsequent films demonstrated a pneumomediastinum which was managed conservatively and resolved. The "sail sign" describes an uncommon radiological appearance of a pneumomediastinum in neonates and infants. With careful conservative management, a spontaneous resolution without longterm sequelae can be expected.

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Accession: 066446522

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 30704420

DOI: 10.1186/s12887-019-1397-7

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