+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Having a toilet is not enough: the limitations in fulfilling the human rights to water and sanitation in a municipal school in Bahia, Brazil

Having a toilet is not enough: the limitations in fulfilling the human rights to water and sanitation in a municipal school in Bahia, Brazil

Bmc Public Health 19(1): 137

This article addresses the enjoyment of the human rights to water and sanitation (HRTWS), in particular access to toilets, in a public school in Bahia, Brazil. Participant observation of the school's routine, focus groups with students in grades 8 and 9 of primary school (13 to 17 years old) and individual, semi-structured, interviews with members of school staff were applied, exploring access to water and sanitation by adolescent girls and boys. Students and school staff reported that the amount of toilets was insufficient and that their conditions were often inadequate because they were plugged or dirty. The impact on girls is greater as toilets do not offer a clean and healthy environment for menstrual hygiene management. Several elements of the normative content of the HRTWS, especially accessibility, acceptability, quality, safety and dignity, were largely not fulfilled. The study identified that, to comply with the HRTWS, it is necessary to go beyond infrastructure, as the lack of maintenance; cultural elements and student participation hinder the usage of sanitary facilities. Since schools can be privileged spaces to train critical and reflective citizens and to foster autonomy and emancipation, education oriented by human rights and citizenship is an opportunity for a more equitable society. By increasing access to social, economic and cultural rights in all phases and aspects of life, including when children and adolescents are in a school environment, people are able to enjoy better living conditions and a higher standard of health. The study raised the importance of considering each community's sociocultural aspects in analyzing access to sanitary facilities in schools, which are spaces where citizens' rights should be exercised and fulfilled.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 066446536

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 30704435

DOI: 10.1186/s12889-019-6469-y

Related references

Human rights' interdependence and indivisibility: a glance over the human rights to water and sanitation. Bmc International Health and Human Rights 19(1): 14, 2019

Child rights, right to water and sanitation, and human security. Health and Human Rights 14(1): E78-E87, 2012

Development cooperation in water and sanitation: is it based on the human rights framework?. Ciencia and Saude Coletiva 22(7): 2247-2256, 2018

"We only have access as a favor, don't we?" The perception of homeless population on the human rights to water and sanitation. Cadernos de Saude Publica 34(3): E00024017, 2018

Inconvenient Human Rights: Water and Sanitation in Sweden's Informal Roma Settlements. Health and Human Rights 19(2): 61-72, 2018

Introduction: science, technology and human rights: lessons learned from the right to water and sanitation. Science and Engineering Ethics 20(4): 827-831, 2015

Monitoring the human rights to water and sanitation: an analysis of policy in Pacific island countries. Water Policy 18(6): 1436-1453, 2016

Where there is no toilet: water and sanitation environments of domestic and facility births in Tanzania. Plos One 9(9): E106738, 2015

The human rights to water and sanitation in courts worldwide: a selection of national, regional, and international case law, WaterLex, 2014, Isbn: 978-2-940526-00-0. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics 15(2): 237-239, 2015

The Orchidaceae family in the municipal park of Mucuge, Bahia, Brazil. Hoehnea 34(1): 1-47, 2007

Negotiating tribal water rights: fulfilling promises in the arid west. Negotiating tribal water rights: fulfilling promises in the arid west: xxiii + 191 pp., 2005

Sanitation rights, public law litigation, and inequality: a case study from Brazil. Health and Human Rights 16(2): E35-E46, 2015

School lunches for the first 4 series of level I in school of the municipal teaching network of São Paulo, Brazil. Revista de Saude Publica 12(1): 55-66, 1978

Community-Level Sanitation Coverage More Strongly Associated with Child Growth and Household Drinking Water Quality than Access to a Private Toilet in Rural Mali. Environmental Science & Technology 51(12): 7219-7227, 2017

Playful teaching work of school science teachers fundamental in a municipal school in Pernambuco, Brazil. Early Child Development and Care 187(2): 233-243, 2017