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A Rapid and Accurate Method for the Determination of Methylxanthines in Different Nervous System Stimulant Beverages

A Rapid and Accurate Method for the Determination of Methylxanthines in Different Nervous System Stimulant Beverages

Journal of Aoac International 2019

Background: Caffeine, theophylline, and theobromine are methylxanthines commonly found in coffee, tea, cola, and cocoa. Other sources may be soft drinks or energy drinks. All of them are stimulants of the nervous system and can be used for the treatment of some diseases. The three xanthines produce addiction with typical abstinence symptoms. Among young people, the consumption of energy beverages is increasing, and the growing market causes concern about the caffeine intake. To evaluate intake of methylxanthines, their accurate determination can be helpful. Methods: A simple method for their determination without sample pretreatment was applied to beverages, including coffee, tea, cola, and energy drinks. The separation was achieved by LC with UV detection. The method was validated in terms of linearity, LOD and LOQ, accuracy, and reproducibility. Results: The drinks were directly injected after a filtration, and no matrix effect was demonstrated. The procedure proved to be simple, time saving, accurate, and reproducible and may be recommended for reliable assays in routine work. The investigated samples showed a range of caffeine concentration from 100 to 3050 mg/L. Possible intake of methylxanthines from miscellaneous types of drinks was assessed considering the European Food Safety Authority Opinion on the safety of caffeine consumption. Our results were in good agreement with other authors. Conclusions: A fast and accurate method for the simultaneous determination of three xanthynes in beverages was validated. The selected strategy has proved to be fit-for-purpose by applying it to different nervous system stimulant drinks. Highlights: A simple and time saving procedure was proposed for the separation, detection, and quantitation of three methylxantynes in nervous system stimulant drinks. No sample preparation was needed, and speculation could be made about the possible intake of them from beverages.

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Accession: 066446646

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PMID: 30704551

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