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Impact of skilled nursing facility quality on postoperative outcomes after pancreatic surgery



Impact of skilled nursing facility quality on postoperative outcomes after pancreatic surgery



Surgery 2019



Data on skilled nursing facility utilization among patients undergoing pancreatic surgery remain scarce. We sought to define the incidence of utilization of skilled nursing facilities and determine the impact of skilled nursing facility quality markers on postoperative outcomes among patients who underwent pancreatic surgery. Medicare Standard Analytic Files were used to identify patients who underwent pancreatic resection during 2013-2015. Nursing Home Compare datasets were used to examine the influence of skilled nursing facility quality as estimated by quality markers (Medicare star ratings) on postoperative outcomes. Among 13,018 patients who underwent pancreatectomy, 2,247 (17.3%) were discharged to a skilled nursing facility. Compared with patients discharged home, patients discharged to a skilled nursing facility were older (median age: 72 [interquartile range 68-76] vs 76 [interquartile range 71-80]), more likely female (44.4% vs 56.8%), and had greater Charlson comorbidity index scores (median score: 3 [interquartile range 2-8] vs 4 [interquartile range 2-8]) (all P < .001). Most patients were discharged to an above-average skilled nursing facility (N = 1,463, 65.1%), and a lesser subset was discharged to a skilled nursing facility with a below-average (N = 490, 21.8%) or average (N = 294, 13.1%) star rating. The 30-day hospital readmission was greatest among patients discharged to a below-average skilled nursing facility (below average N = 217, 44.3%; average N = 110, 37.4%; above average N = 517, 35.3%; P = .002). On multivariate analysis, patients discharged to below-average skilled nursing facilities remained 64% more likely to be readmitted within 30 days (OR 1.64, 1.29-2.02, P < .001). In contrast, 30-day mortality was comparable across the skilled nursing facility star rating categories (P = .08). Roughly 1 in 6 patients undergoing pancreatic surgery were discharged to a skilled nursing facility. Patients discharged to a below-average skilled nursing facility were more likely to be readmitted compared with patients discharged to an above-average skilled nursing facility.

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Accession: 066446713

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 30704629

DOI: 10.1016/j.surg.2018.12.008


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