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Long-term elution of monomers from resin-based dental composites

Long-term elution of monomers from resin-based dental composites

Dental Materials 2019

To bridge the gap between the current alarming literature on resin-based dental materials and the limited clinical observations, more precise knowledge on the actual quantity of released compounds should be acquired. The objective of this study was to quantify the long-term elution of various compounds from resin-based dental composites during one year. Eight materials were investigated: G-aenial Anterior, G-aenial Posterior, Venus, Venus Pearl, Venus Diamond, Ceram X mono, Dyract and Filtek Supreme XTE. Cylindrical specimens (6 mm diameter, 2 mm thickness) were immersed in 1mL of three different extraction solutions (water, artificial saliva or ethanol) and stored in the dark at 37°C. Every week, the extraction solution was refreshed. The samples were analyzed using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. BisEMA3, BisEMA6, BisEMA10, BisGMA, CQ, HEMA, TCD-DI-HEA, TEGDMA, and UDMA were quantified in the samples. Depending on the composite and the extraction solution, certain monomers (BisGMA, HEMA and UDMA) were able to continuously elute from the materials, up until 52 weeks after initial immersion. Monomer elution was clearly higher when ethanol was used as extraction solution. It could be demonstrated that the tested composites continued to release small quantities of monomers over longer periods when a continuous refreshing protocol is followed. Even if monomer elution may not lead to a risk at short term, the potential long-term toxicity should be further investigated. Long-term elution and subsequent chronic exposure to monomers from resin-based dental materials should not be neglected when assessing the overall human health risks.

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Accession: 066446813

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PMID: 30704750

DOI: 10.1016/j.dental.2019.01.005

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