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Lorazepam-Assisted Interview in a Resistant Case of Functional Dysphonia

Lorazepam-Assisted Interview in a Resistant Case of Functional Dysphonia

Journal of Voice 2019:

Functional neurological symptom disorder presents with varied neurological signs often as a result of stress. It is usually treated with supportive psychotherapy and occasionally antidepressants. Literature regarding treatment for resistant cases is scarce. We describe on such presentation. A 40-year-old man who presented with a history of sudden onset dysphonia for 5 days. There were no immediate stressors. Physical examination revealed that he was unable to make movements of the tongue while speaking although power and range of movement were normal. Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography of brain and endoscopic examination of oral cavity and larynx did not reveal any organic cause. Functional magnetic resonance imaging imaging was conducted under a language protocol to determine neurophysiological circuits involved in this unique presentation. The patient failed conventional pharmacotherapy and supportive psychotherapy. Thereafter, he underwent lorazepam-assisted interviews where he would be asked to made purposive movements of the tongue and attempt to pronounce basic phonemes. He would converse normally during the lorazepam interviews and made gradual improvements after each session. The patient was able speak clearly after 12 such sessions and continues to maintain well since. We describe a resistant case of functional dysphonia. The patient presented without any stressor and failed conventional treatments. The case demonstrates that Lorazepam can be used effectively in drug-assisted interviews for functional dysphonia. It also provides information regarding functional activity of the brain during a dissociative state.

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Accession: 066446845

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 30704785

DOI: 10.1016/j.jvoice.2019.01.002

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