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Mediastinal haematoma: A little known complication of ultrasound-guided trans-bronchial lymph node aspiration (EBUS-TBNA)



Mediastinal haematoma: A little known complication of ultrasound-guided trans-bronchial lymph node aspiration (EBUS-TBNA)



Revue des Maladies Respiratoires 2019



Endobronchial ultrasound-guided trans-bronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) has emerged as a minimally invasive, highly accurate technique for sampling intrathoracic lymph nodes. The complication rate after EBUS-TBNA is estimated at between 0.22% to 1.44%. Analysis of the different series of EBUS-TBNA reveals that mediastinal haematoma has not been described as a complication. We describe the case of a 65-year-old-man who underwent an EBUS-TBNA of a subcarinal lymph node. Few days later the patient presented with haemoptysis of average amount associated with a haematoma in the subcarinal area seen on CT-scan. It was suggested that puncture of a bronchial artery occurred during passage of the needle. This complication occurred during the change from treatment by low molecular weight heparin to antivitamine K. The patient was monitored in the intensive care unit and received medical treatment only. This patient developed a complication after an EBUS-TBNA that is rarely described and probably under diagnosed. This complication occurred during the change between two anticoagulant treatments, which requires special attention in this particular context.

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Accession: 066446867

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PMID: 30704807


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