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Surgical correction of dentofacial deformities in juvenile idiopathic arthritis: a systematic literature review



Surgical correction of dentofacial deformities in juvenile idiopathic arthritis: a systematic literature review



International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 2019



The aim of this study was to assess current evidence for the surgical correction of dentofacial deformities in patients with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) involvement from juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). A systematic literature review, according to the PRISMA guidelines, was conducted. Meta-analyses, randomized controlled trials, cohort studies, observational studies, and case reports were eligible for inclusion. Exclusion criteria were no JIA diagnosis, no clearly defined outcomes, dual publications (except meta-analyses), non peer-reviewed studies, non English language publications, and animal studies. The outcome measures assessed were TMJ function, skeletal alignment, and morbidity. The database search identified 255 citations, of which 28 met the eligibility criteria. Of these, 24 were case reports or case series with a low level of evidence that did not allow for meta-analysis. Extrapolated evidence supports orthognathic surgery in skeletally mature patients with controlled or quiescent JIA and a stable dentofacial deformity. Distraction osteogenesis was recommended for severe deformities. Some authors demonstrated unpredictable postoperative mandibular growth with costochondral grafts. Alloplastic TMJ reconstruction was efficacious, but should be used cautiously in skeletally immature patients. TMJ function and skeletal alignment was improved with reconstruction by any technique and morbidity was low. The surgical correction of arthritis-induced dentofacial deformities is indicated but the level of evidence is low. Prospective multicenter studies are needed.

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Accession: 066446895

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 30704836

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijom.2019.01.007


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