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Hyperperfusion after Endovascular Reperfusion Therapy for Acute Ischemic Stroke

Hyperperfusion after Endovascular Reperfusion Therapy for Acute Ischemic Stroke

Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases 2019

Patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) may display prolonged neurological deficits and conscious disturbance even after successful endovascular thrombectomy. We hypothesized that hemodynamic change after reperfusion might influence outcomes. This study investigated the factors causing hyperperfusion and outcomes. We retrospectively analyzed 27 patients with AIS who underwent successful acute revascularization (TICI: Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction 2b + 3). Changes of the neurological status were precisely assessed by using the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS). Ischemic lesions were scored by MRI with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), and blood flow in the middle cerebral artery territory was assessed by MRI with arterial spin labeling. Univariate analysis was performed to investigate correlations between hyperperfusion and demographic factors or the functional prognosis. Thirteen of the 27 (48%) patients developed hyperperfusion after reperfusion. A significant correlation was seen between hyperperfusion and the improvement of NIHSS at 24 hours (P < .0001), the duration of disturbance of consciousness (days) (P < .0001), DWI-ASPECTS (P = .001), hemorrhagic transformation (P = .007), and mRS less than or equal to 2 at 90 days (P = .007). The present findings suggested that some patients with AIS will develop hyperperfusion after successful acute revascularization. The status of hyperperfusion could prolong conscious disturbance and affect outcomes. Since the mechanism of hyperperfusion after revascularization depends on stroke etiology, diagnosing the type of ischemic stroke in the acute stage is important for managing postoperative treatment.

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Accession: 066446923

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PMID: 30704865

DOI: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2019.01.007

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