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Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction: A Comparison of Single-Bundle Transpatellar Tunnel and Double-Anchor Anatomic Techniques for the Treatment of Recurrent Lateral Patellar Dislocation in Adults



Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction: A Comparison of Single-Bundle Transpatellar Tunnel and Double-Anchor Anatomic Techniques for the Treatment of Recurrent Lateral Patellar Dislocation in Adults



Arthroscopy 2019



To compare the stability and clinical outcomes of 2 medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction (MPFLR) techniques for the treatment of recurrent lateral patellar dislocation in adults. Ninety-one patients with recurrent patellar dislocation were randomly divided into 2 groups, undergoing either the traditional single-bundle transpatellar tunnel technique (group A) or the double-anchor anatomic reconstruction technique (group B). Preoperatively and at follow-up, the patellar position and rotation were evaluated by computed tomography with the congruence angle, lateral patellar angle, patellar tilt angle, and lateral patellar translation; the subjective symptoms and functional outcomes were evaluated with Kujala, Lysholm, Tegner, and International Knee Documentation Committee subjective scores. Clinical examinations were also performed, and redislocations or episodes of instability were recorded. Patients were followed up for a mean period of 41.11 ± 7.40 months (range, 29-62 months). At the final point, no recurrent patellar dislocations occurred, except in 4 patients with instability symptoms in group A; however, no significant difference between the 2 groups was seen (χ2 = 2.503, P = .114). The measurement results from computed tomography decreased significantly to the normal range, and no significant difference was found between the 2 groups except for the lesser patellar tilt angle in group B (t = 2.175, P = .030). The clinical examination improved significantly, no patient exhibited a positive apprehension test in either group, and the number of patients with abnormal lateral patellar translation grade and firm end point showed no statistically significant differences between the 2 groups (P > .05). All score systems significantly improved with no significant difference between the 2 groups except for the higher Kujala score (t = -40.635, P = .001) and International Knee Documentation Committee score (t = -33.823, P = .003) in group B. Both MPFLR techniques achieved good results in the treatment of patellar dislocation. Compared with the single-bundle transpatellar tunnel technique, the double-anchor anatomic MPFLR technique may be more effective with a more congruous patellofemoral joint and better knee function. Level II, prospective comparative study.

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Accession: 066446942

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 30704885

DOI: 10.1016/j.arthro.2018.08.050


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