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First Report of Pilidium concavum on Paeonia suffruticosa in China



First Report of Pilidium concavum on Paeonia suffruticosa in China



Plant Disease 94(2): 271



Paeonia suffruticosa Andrews, a deciduous perennial shrub, is known for its beautiful and charming flowers. It is regarded as the flower symbol of China and cultivated throughout the country. Since 2006, large, brown necrotic spots have been observed on numerous P. suffruticosa plants in gardens in Luoyang, China. Spots appeared each year and were observed on more than 50% of the plants, sometimes affecting more than half of the leaf. Initial symptoms appeared as small, round, water-soaked lesions in the middle or on the margin of leaves. These areas enlarged up to 1 to 3 cm in diameter and were circular or irregular, brown to dark brown, and pale brown on the margins. In a humid atmosphere, black, sessile, discoid conidiomata developed on the spots and exuded a pink spore mass that turned brown with age. Conidiophores were hyaline, unicellular, cylindrical, and fusiform and 5.0 to 8.0 μm long and 1.4 to 2.0 μm wide. Pure cultures were obtained by plating the spores on potato dextrose agar (PDA) medium. In culture, the fungus produced a gray-to-brown colony with whitish aerial mycelium. The morphology and size of conidia were comparable with previous descriptions of Pilidium concavum (Desm.) Höhn. (1). The ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 region of the isolate was amplified by PCR with primers ITS1 and ITS4 and sequenced. The 472-nt sequence was 100% identical to that of the Pilidium concavum specimen voucher BPI 1107275 (GenBank Accession No. AY487094). To validate Koch's postulates, pathogenicity was tested by inoculating 10 leaves of P. suffruticosa with mycelia plugs from a colony growing on PDA; leaves inoculated with the plugs of PDA medium only served as the control. Leaves were covered with plastic for 24 h to maintain high relative humidity. After 7 days, 100% of the mycelium-inoculated leaves showed symptoms identical to those observed on P. suffruticosa leaves affected in the field, whereas all leaves inoculated with PDA medium only remained free of symptoms. Reisolation of the fungus from leaf lesions confirmed that the causal agent was Pilidium concavum. Thus, we concluded that Pilidium concavum is the causal agent of leaf spots of P. suffruticosa. This disease has been reported to be frequently occurring on P. suffruticosa stems imported from Japan (1), but to our knowledge, this is the first report of Pilidium concavum on P. suffruticosa in China. References: (1) M. E. Palm. Mycologia 83:787, 1991.

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Accession: 066487596

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PMID: 30754275


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