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ADS-HCSpark: a scalable HaplotypeCaller leveraging adaptive data segmentation to accelerate variant calling on Spark


ADS-HCSpark: a scalable HaplotypeCaller leveraging adaptive data segmentation to accelerate variant calling on Spark



Bmc Bioinformatics 20(1): 76



ISSN/ISBN: 1471-2105

PMID: 30764760

DOI: 10.1186/s12859-019-2665-0

The advance of next generation sequencing enables higher throughput with lower price, and as the basic of high-throughput sequencing data analysis, variant calling is widely used in disease research, clinical treatment and medicine research. However, current mainstream variant caller tools have a serious problem of computation bottlenecks, resulting in some long tail tasks when performing on large datasets. This prevents high scalability on clusters of multi-node and multi-core, and leads to long runtime and inefficient usage of computing resources. Thus, a high scalable tool which could run in distributed environment will be highly useful to accelerate variant calling on large scale genome data. In this paper, we present ADS-HCSpark, a scalable tool for variant calling based on Apache Spark framework. ADS-HCSpark accelerates the process of variant calling by implementing the parallelization of mainstream GATK HaplotypeCaller algorithm on multi-core and multi-node. Aiming at solving the problem of computation skew in HaplotypeCaller, a parallel strategy of adaptive data segmentation is proposed and a variant calling algorithm based on adaptive data segmentation is implemented, which achieves good scalability on both single-node and multi-node. For the requirement that adjacent data blocks should have overlapped boundaries, Hadoop-BAM library is customized to implement partitioning BAM file into overlapped blocks, further improving the accuracy of variant calling. ADS-HCSpark is a scalable tool to achieve variant calling based on Apache Spark framework, implementing the parallelization of GATK HaplotypeCaller algorithm. ADS-HCSpark is evaluated on our cluster and in the case of best performance that could be achieved in this experimental platform, ADS-HCSpark is 74% faster than GATK3.8 HaplotypeCaller on single-node experiments, 57% faster than GATK4.0 HaplotypeCallerSpark and 27% faster than SparkGA on multi-node experiments, with better scalability and the accuracy of over 99%. The source code of ADS-HCSpark is publicly available at https://github.com/SCUT-CCNL/ADS-HCSpark.git .

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