+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Assessing the impacts of minimum legal drinking age laws on police-reported violent victimization in Canada from 2009 to 2013

Assessing the impacts of minimum legal drinking age laws on police-reported violent victimization in Canada from 2009 to 2013

Drug and Alcohol Dependence 197: 65-72

Given that alcohol-related victimization is highly prevalent among young adults, the current study aimed to assess the potential impacts of Minimum Legal Drinking Age (MLDA) laws on police-reported violent victimization events among young people. A regression-discontinuity (RD) approach was applied to victimization data from the Canadian Uniform Crime Reporting 2 (UCR2) Incident-based survey from 2009-2013. Participants/cases: All police-reported violent victimization events (females: n = 178,566; males: n = 156,803) among youth aged 14-22 years in Canada. Violent victimization events, primarily consisting of homicide, physical assault, sexual assault, and robbery. In comparison to youth slightly younger than the drinking age, both males and females slightly older than MLDA had significant and immediate increases in police-reported violent victimization events (females: 13.5%, 95% CI: 7.5%-19.5%, p < 0.001; males: 11.6%, 95% CI: 6.6%-16.7%, p < 0.001). Victimizations occurring in the evening rose sharply immediately after the MLDA by 22.8% (95% CI: 9.9%-35.7%, p =  0.001) for females and 19.3% (95% CI: 11.5%-27.2%, p < 0.001) for males. Increases in violent victimization immediately after MLDA were most prominent in bar/restaurant/open-air settings, with victimizations rising sharply by 44.9% (95% CI: 29.5%-60.2%, p < 0.001) among females and 18.3% (95% CI: 7.7%-29.0%, p =  0.001) among males. Young people gaining minimum legal drinking age incur immediate increases in police-reported violent victimizations, especially those occurring in the evening and at bar/restaurant/open-air settings. Evidence suggests that increasing the MLDA may attenuate patterns of violent victimization in newly restricted age groups.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 066509555

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 30780068

DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.12.025

Related references

Do drinking-age laws have an impact on crime? Evidence from Canada, 2009-2013. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 167: 67-74, 2017

Impacts of drinking-age laws on mortality in Canada, 1980-2009. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 138: 137-145, 2014

The Impact of Drinking Age Laws on Perpetration of Sexual Assault Crimes in Canada, 2009-2013. Journal of Adolescent Health 61(1): 24-31, 2017

Assessing the effectiveness of minimum legal drinking age and zero tolerance laws in the United States. Accident Analysis and Prevention 35(4): 579-587, 2003

Impacts of the minimum legal drinking age legislation on in-patient morbidity in Canada, 1997-2007: a regression-discontinuity approach. Addiction 108(9): 1590-1600, 2014

The persistent effects of minimum legal drinking age laws on drinking patterns later in life. Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 37(3): 463-469, 2013

Community norms, enforcement of minimum legal drinking age laws, personal beliefs and underage drinking: an explanatory model. Journal of Community Health 35(3): 249-257, 2010

Continuing the Dialogue: Reducing Minimum Legal Drinking Age Laws from 21 to 18. Journal of Addictions Nursing 22(3): 138-143, 2011

The impact of minimum legal drinking age laws on alcohol consumption, smoking, and marijuana use revisited. Journal of Health Economics 32(2): 477-479, 2013

The effects of minimum legal drinking age 21 laws on alcohol-related driving in the United States. Journal of Safety Research 41(2): 173-181, 2010

Long-term effects of minimum legal drinking age laws on marijuana and other illicit drug use in adulthood. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 149: 173-179, 2015

Lifetime self-reported victimization among low-income, urban women: the relationship between childhood maltreatment and adult violent victimization. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 26(6): 1111-1128, 2011

Assessing the violent offending and violent victimization overlap among discharged psychiatric patients. Law and Human Behavior 35(1): 49-59, 2011

Impacts of the minimum legal drinking age on motor vehicle collisions in Québec, 2000-2012. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 47(6): 788-795, 2015

Injuries due to violent crimes: a study of police reported assaults during 1979, 1982 and 1985 in a police district of a suburb of Stockholm, Sweden. Medicine Science and the Law 31(3): 251-258, 1991