Response of Peanut, Pepper, Tobacco, and Tomato Cultivars to two Biologically Distinct Isolates of Tomato spotted wilt virus
Mandal, B.; Pappu, H.R.; Csinos, A.S.; Culbreath, A.K.
Plant Disease 90(9): 1150-1155
Spotted wilt disease, caused by Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), is an economically important disease in peanut, pepper, tobacco, and tomato in the southeastern United States. However, very little is known about the biological variability existent in the virus population. Fourteen isolates of TSWV collected in Georgia were evaluated for symptom severity. The majority of the isolates produced severe systemic necrosis. One mild (GATb-1) and one severe (GAL) isolate were further examined because of the distinct differences in their virulence and symptomatology on tobacco. GATb-1 caused a few chlorotic spots and mild systemic symptoms, whereas GAL produced a large number of local lesions and severe systemic necrosis. Distinct differences in the response of selected commercial cultivars of peanut, tobacco, and tomato to GATb-1 and GAL infection were observed. GAL was lethal to a widely grown tobacco cultivar, K326. Georgia Green, a field resistant peanut cultivar, and C11-2-39, a breeding line with the highest level of known resistance to TSWV, were more susceptible to GAL than to GATb-1. BHN 444, a newly released TSWV-resistant tomato cultivar, showed a resistant reaction, whereas Stiletto, a newly released TSWV-resistant pepper cultivar, was susceptible to both GATb-1 and GAL isolates. Information on the biological diversity of TSWV may be useful in developing more durable TSWV-resistant crops.