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No beneficial effects of resveratrol supplementation on atherogenic risk factors in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

No beneficial effects of resveratrol supplementation on atherogenic risk factors in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Internationale Zeitschrift für Vitamin- und Ernahrungsforschung. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition 90(3-4): 279-289

ISSN/ISBN: 0300-9831

PMID: 30789808

Introduction: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) accounts as a major cause of mortality among patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Resveratrol, a natural polyphenol compound, is known for its antioxidant and antiatherogenic properties and is purported to be beneficial in decreasing CVD risk factors in NAFLD patients. Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the effects of resveratrol on atherogenic risk factors in patients with NAFLD. Methods: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was performed on 50 patients with NAFLD aged 20-60 years. Subjects were randomly assigned to receive a daily dose of 600 mg resveratrol (n = 25) or placebo (n = 25) for 12 wk. Serum liver enzymes, lipid profile and atherogenic indices, blood pressure and anthropometric values were assessed pre and post-treatment. Results: Resveratrol supplementation reduced body weight (from 88.75 ± 11.41 to 87.54 ± 11.18 kg, P = 0.005) and BMI (from 31.00 ± 3.16 to 30.60 ± 3.26 kg/m², P = 0.01) significantly compared to the placebo group. A significant reduction in waist circumference was observed within resveratrol group (from 102.70 ± 7.68 to 101.39 ± 7.62 cm, P = 0.02). There were no significant changes in lipid profile (ox-LDL, ApoA1 and ApoB), serum atherogenic indices (LDL-C/HDL-C, ApoB/ApoA1, ox-LDL/ApoB, LDL-C/ox-LDL and AIP), liver enzymes (AST, ALT, ALP and GGT), hip circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and blood pressure in either group (P > 0.05 for all). Conclusion: These findings indicated that resveratrol supplementation in dose and duration used in this study did not affect most of the CVD risk factors in NAFLD patients. Further studies are warranted to explain more effects of resveratrol on CVD complications of NAFLD. Registration ID in IRCT: IRCT201511233664N16.

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