Major environmental characteristics of swine husbandry that affect exposure to dust and airborne endotoxins
Shin, S-Jung.; Song, E-Seob.; Kim, J-Won.; Lee, J-Hee.; Gautam, R.; Kim, H-Ji.; Kim, Y-Gyeong.; Cho, A-Rang.; Yang, S-Jeong.; Acharya, M.; Kim, C-Yul.; Lee, B-Chul.; Kim, C-Han.; Oh, H-Geu.; Kwag, J-Hoon.; Yoon, D-Hoon.; Kim, H-Ah.; Heo, Y.
Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part a 82(4): 233-243
Inhalation of organic dust or endotoxin in the dust is considered a major risk factor for occupational respiratory illnesses. Eighteen environmental characteristics associated with animal husbandry were surveyed at 36 swine farms in seven provinces throughout South Korea. Association of these factors with levels of indoor inhalable or respirable dust or endotoxin in each type of dust was analyzed using backward stepwise multiple linear regression models. Mean levels of inhalable and respirable dust were 0.5 ± 0.35 and 0.13 ± 0.12 mg/m3 air, respectively, and mean endotoxin levels were 676 ± 463 and 48.4 ± 68.2 EU/m3, respectively, in each dust. Factors negatively associated with inhalable dust levels included pig age, indoor farm temperature, number of pigs in the building, hr/week of indoor farm work, and partly slatted floor. Factors positively associated with inhalable dust levels included floor cleaning by manual scraping and slurry deposit duration. Factors negatively associated with the level of endotoxin in inhalable dust included pig age, temperature, number of pigs, hr/week of indoor farm work, and partly slatted floor. Factors negatively associated with respirable dust level included area of the confinement building, whereas factors positively associated with respirable dust level included the number of pigs and stocking density. Endotoxin levels in respirable dust were negatively associated with h/week of indoor farm work and partly slatted floor. Overall, data suggest that husbandry variables may be adjusted to control dust and airborne endotoxin levels in swine farms.