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Factors influencing mortality in hospital-acquired pneumonia caused by Gram-negative bacteria in China

Factors influencing mortality in hospital-acquired pneumonia caused by Gram-negative bacteria in China

Journal of Infection and Public Health 12(5): 630-633

Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality despite advances in antimicrobial therapy. The emergence of Gram-negative bacteria (GNB) is of major concern. The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiology, microbiology, and predictors of infection-related 30-day mortality in HAP with GNB. We performed a retrospective, single-center analysis of HAP patients with GNB occurring from January 2014 and December 2017. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify the risk factors for mortality. During the observational period, there were 1472 cases of HAP; 314 cases were bacterial culture-positive, 269 cases were caused by GNB, with a predominance of Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The mortality related to GNB was 14.5% (39 deaths).In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, the risk factors for mortality were age >70 years, intensive care unit (ICU) admission, blood lymphocyte count < 0.8 × 109/L, multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria(MDR-GNB) infection, and elevation of blood urea nitrogen(BUN) level. We identified these factors as significant predictors of GNB related mortality; the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves was 0.836. The results provided can help clinicians in identifying individuals who are at risk of infection-related 30-day mortality in HAP with GNB.

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Accession: 066548494

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PMID: 30824328

DOI: 10.1016/j.jiph.2019.02.014

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