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The Association Between Trimester-Specific Weight Gain and Severe Preeclampsia/Adverse Perinatal Outcome in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Complicated by Preeclampsia: A Retrospective Case Study

The Association Between Trimester-Specific Weight Gain and Severe Preeclampsia/Adverse Perinatal Outcome in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Complicated by Preeclampsia: A Retrospective Case Study

Diabetes Therapy 10(2): 725-734

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and preeclampsia share many risk factors, e.g., gestational weight gain (GWG). Previous studies on the co-occurrence of these two diseases cannot powerfully clear up the effects of GWG on perinatal outcome. A total of 329 pregnant women with GDM complicated by preeclampsia were enrolled. Clinical data of mothers and newborns were retrospectively analyzed, including baseline characteristics of pregnant women and pregnancy outcomes. We focused on the association between trimester-specific weight gain and severe preeclampsia (s-PE)/adverse perinatal outcomes in GDM complicated by preeclampsia, including cesarean section (C-sect), preterm birth, and large for gestational age birth (LGA). Regression analysis was used to adjust the impact of confounding factors, including height, age, parity, scarred uterus, and so on. By unconditional regression analysis, middle trimester excessive GWG is a risk factor for LGA [OR 6.586, 95% CI (2.254-19.242), AOR 6.481, 95% CI (2.213-18.981)]; late excessive GWG is a risk factor for s-PE and C-sect [OR 1.683, 95% CI (1.084-2.614), AOR 1.888, 95% CI (1.193-2.990); and OR 1.754, 95% CI (1.121-2.744), AOR 1.841, 95% CI (1.153-2.937)], excessive total GWG is a risk factor for LGA, and is a protective factor for the preterm [OR 5.920, 95% CI (2.479-14.139), AOR 5.602, 95% CI (2.337-13.431); and OR 0.448, 95% CI (0.248-0.841), AOR 0.429, 95% CI (0.235-0.783)]. The trimester-specific weight gain has a significant impact on the perinatal outcomes among pregnant women with both GDM and preeclampsia. This study is helpful for carry out risk monitoring in time, identifying early warning signs, and improving maternal and infant health.

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Accession: 066560897

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PMID: 30838548

DOI: 10.1007/s13300-019-0589-3

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