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Skeletal Bone Structure and Repair in Small Mammals, Birds, and Reptiles


Skeletal Bone Structure and Repair in Small Mammals, Birds, and Reptiles



Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice 22(2): 135-147



ISSN/ISBN: 1094-9194

PMID: 30872000

DOI: 10.1016/j.cvex.2019.01.002

Bone strength depends on its structure, its composition, and the forces it is subjected to. Bone structure varies greatly between species and these differences may have clinical implications in their assessment or treatment. Fractures occur when the magnitude of the sum of forces affecting it exceeds its ultimate strength. The aim of bone healing is to recover the normal structure of the bone to maintain its normal function, but the mechanisms of bone healing differ greatly among species. This article provides a basic reference for the bone structure of small mammals, birds, and reptiles.

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Accession: 066590204

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