Clinical application of fluoroscopic guided percutaneous antegrade ureteral stents placement for the treatment of malignant ureteral obstruction
Liu, Y.; Wu, K.; Lai, H.; Zeng, Z.; Zhang, B.
Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology 27(3): 453-460
ISSN/ISBN: 1095-9114 PMID: 30909269 DOI: 10.3233/xst-180466
To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of fluoroscopic guided percutaneous antegrade ureteral stents placement used for treatment of malignant ureteral obstruction. Between April 2016 and March 2018, fluoroscopic guided percutaneous ureteral stents was performed in 25 patients, including 7 patients (28%) with bilateral obstruction. The most common cancer diagnoses were cervical cancer (28%), rectal cancer (24%) and colon cancer (16%) among these patients. Clinical data were retrospectively analyzed with respect to the efficacy, safety and outcome of this treatment method. Percutaneous antegrade placement of ureteral stents was performed in all cases, including 12 ureters that failed in the initial retrograde ureteral stents placement. The median stent patency time for the antegrade ureteral stents were 10.4 (95% CI: 8.3-12.6) months. The primary complications included mild flank pain and discomfort (44%), hematuria (44%), urinary tract infection (8%), bladder irritation symptoms (4%), and arterial bleeding (4%). Fluoroscopic guided percutaneous ureteral stents placement is a safe, efficient procedure and has a high success rate in patients with malignant ureteral obstruction.