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Barrett's esophagus: novel strategies for screening and surveillance

Barrett's esophagus: novel strategies for screening and surveillance

Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease 10: 2040622319837851

Barrett's esophagus is the precursor lesion for esophageal adenocarcinoma. Screening and surveillance of Barrett's esophagus are undertaken with the goal of earlier detection and lowering the mortality from esophageal adenocarcinoma. The widely used technique is standard esophagogastroduodenoscopy with biopsies per the Seattle protocol for screening and surveillance of Barrett's esophagus. Surveillance intervals vary depending on the degree of dysplasia with endoscopic eradication therapy confined to patients with Barrett's esophagus and confirmed dysplasia. In this review, we present various novel techniques for screening of Barrett's esophagus such as unsedated transnasal endoscopy, cytosponge with trefoil factor-3, balloon cytology, esophageal capsule endoscopy, liquid biopsy, electronic nose, and oral microbiome. In addition, advanced imaging techniques such as narrow band imaging, dye-based chromoendoscopy, confocal laser endomicroscopy, volumetric laser endomicroscopy, and wide-area transepithelial sampling with computer-assisted three-dimensional analysis developed for better detection of dysplasia are also reviewed.

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Accession: 066648188

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 30937155

DOI: 10.1177/2040622319837851

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