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Antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles against field and reference strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium bovis and multiple-drug-resistant tuberculosis strains



Antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles against field and reference strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium bovis and multiple-drug-resistant tuberculosis strains



Revue Scientifique et Technique 37(3): 823-830



En Egipto, la tuberculosis es una enfermedad endemica que afecta a personas y animales. Los autores describen un estudio encaminado a analizar la actividad antimicobacteriana de las nanoparticulas de plata, determinando para ello la concentracion inhibitoria minima de nanoparticulas mediante el ensayo de microtitulacion en placa con azul Alamar. Tras sintetizar quimicamente las nanoparticulas de plata y caracterizar su forma y tamano por espectrometria de absorcion ultravioleta-visible, microscopia electronica de transmision y difraccion de rayos X, se sometieron a prueba las cepas de referencia de Mycobacterium bovis y Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv, asi como una cepa multirresistente de M. tuberculosis y muestras de M. bovis y M. tuberculosis aisladas a partir de casos clinicos. Salvo unas pocas de forma esferica, las nanoparticulas de plataeran tetraedricas. Su tamano era en promedio de 50 nm. Tras someter las cepas de micobacterias a distintas concentraciones de nanoparticulas, se observo que estas inhibian el crecimiento de las cepas de referencia de M. tuberculosis y M. bovis y de la cepa multirresistente de M. tuberculosis a concentraciones minimas de 1 ?g/ml, 4 ?g/ml y 16 ?g/ml, respectivamente, mientras que las muestras clinicas de M. bovis y M. tuberculosis quedaban inhibidas por la presencia de nanoparticulas a valores de concentracion minima de 4–32 ?g/ml y 1–16 ?g/ml, respectivamente. Tambien se observo que, in vitro, las nanoparticulas de plata mostraban actividad farmacologica contra Mycobacterium spp. De ahi se sigue que pueden ser empleadas para tratar la tuberculosis no solo en personas, sino tambien en animales, y que pueden resultar utiles en todo el mundo para las estrategias de prevencion y control de la tuberculosis.

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Accession: 066672705

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PMID: 30964466


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