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Machine learning-based pre-impact fall detection model to discriminate various types of fall



Machine learning-based pre-impact fall detection model to discriminate various types of fall



Journal of Biomechanical Engineering 2019:



Preimpact fall detection can send alarm service faster to reduce long-lie conditions and decrease the risk of hospitalization. Detecting various types of fall to determine the impact site or direction prior to impact is important because it increases the chance of decreasing the incidence or severity of fall-related injuries. In this study, a robust preimpact fall detection model was developed to classify various activities and falls as multi-class and its performance was compared with the performance of previous developed models. Twelve healthy subjects participated in this study. All subjects were asked to place an inertial measuring unit module by fixing on a belt near the left iliac crest to collect accelerometer data for each activity. Our novel proposed model consists of feature calculation and infinite latent feature selection algorithm, auto labeling of activities, application of machine learning classifiers for discrete and continuous time series data. Nine machine-learning classifiers were applied to detect falls prior to impact and derive final detection results by sorting the classifier. Our model showed the highest classification accuracy. Results for the proposed model that could classify as multi-class showed significantly higher average classification accuracy of 99.57 ± 0.01% for discrete data-based classifiers and 99.84 ± 0.02% for continuous time series-based classifiers than previous models (p < 0.01). In the future, multi-class preimpact fall detection models can be applied to fall protector devices by detecting various activities for sending alerts or immediate feedback reactions to prevent falls.

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Accession: 066676737

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 30968932

DOI: 10.1115/1.4043449


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