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Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase mutant D306C has a higher inhibition rate for enzyme multiplied immunoassay of cholyglycine

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase mutant D306C has a higher inhibition rate for enzyme multiplied immunoassay of cholyglycine

Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry 66(4): 591-596

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH) has been used in enzyme multiplied immunoassay technique (EMIT) assays for detecting small molecule metabolites such as cholyglycine (CG). A key parameter for successful EMIT CG assay development is the inhibition rate of the G6PDH-CG conjugate, measured as the decrease in enzyme activity upon CG antibody binding. Several commonly used G6PDH cysteine mutants including A45C and K55C have been labeled with CG-maleimide derivative, but inhibition rates of are unsatisfactory. Herein, we investigated whether other mutation sites can achieve better inhibition rates. We generated eight cysteine mutants (K106C, Y155C, A201C, T258C, D306C, D375C, G426C, and D480C) of G6PDH, measured their inhibition rates, and evaluated the performance of the D306C mutant using EMIT CG assays. One of the eight mutants (D306C) displayed improved inhibition rate, while all others exhibited inhibition similar to or lower than that of A45C and K55C. The enhanced inhibition rate of D306C improved the EMIT CG assay calibration curve, using an Abbott c16000 automated biochemical analyzer, resulting in better repeatability, precision, and linearity than with K55C assays and a commercially available EMIT CG kit. The G6PDH mutant D306C has a higher inhibition rate in EMIT CG assays, and improves assay performance. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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Accession: 066749288

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PMID: 31050059

DOI: 10.1002/bab.1759

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