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Integrated care for methadone maintenance patients with hepatitis C virus infection

Integrated care for methadone maintenance patients with hepatitis C virus infection

Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences 2019

The majority of patients undergoing methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) are neither examined nor treated for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. We aimed to evaluate an integrated referral model in the management of HCV among MMT patients. This retrospective study included 390 HCV-infected MMT patients between April 2015 and May 2017. Patients who tested positive for HCV antibodies were referred to a liver clinic by MMT case managers or psychiatrists. Patients who agreed to receive anti-HCV treatment were treated with pegylated interferon and ribavirin. The rate of patient engagement at a liver clinic increased from 14.1% to 58.2% after integrated care. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that higher education level (odds ratio [OR], 1.62; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01-2.60) and elevated ALT level (OR, 4.30; 95% CI, 2.70-6.85) were independently associated with patients who accepted referral. Active drug use (OR, 0.52; 95% CI, 0.31-0.85) was inversely associated with referral acceptance. Of the 112 patients who met the criteria for anti-HCV therapy, 66 (58.9%) were treated with pegylated interferon and ribavirin. Finally, the rate of treatment completion and sustained virological response (SVR) was 65.2% and 54.5%, respectively, among the 66 patients. Treatment completion (OR, 39.67; 95% CI, 7.80-201.62) was found to be the only independent factor associated with SVR achievement. Although integrated care by psychiatrists and hepatologists significantly increased the rates of engagement and acceptance of antiviral treatment for HCV-infected MMT patients, only a minority of MMT patients achieved successful treatment.

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Accession: 066783033

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 31087764

DOI: 10.1002/kjm2.12086

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