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Everolimus in hormone receptor-positive metastatic breast cancer: PIK3CA mutation H1047R was a potential efficacy biomarker in a retrospective study

Everolimus in hormone receptor-positive metastatic breast cancer: PIK3CA mutation H1047R was a potential efficacy biomarker in a retrospective study

Bmc Cancer 19(1): 442

Everolimus, an inhibitor of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), has been shown to increase the efficacy of endocrine therapies in hormone receptor (HR)-positive metastatic breast cancer. However, because breast cancer is a highly heterogeneous disease, the responses of different patients to everolimus may vary. Therefore, we performed this study to better select patients who will benefit most from or be resistant to everolimus. Patients with HR-positive breast cancer who were treated with everolimus at the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from February 2014 to March 2017 were enrolled in the present study. Mutations in ctDNA were assayed in 1021 tumor-related genes via gene panel target capture-based next-generation sequencing. In total, 120 patients with metastatic breast cancer who were treated with everolimus were enrolled in the present study. The median progression-free survival (PFS) of all patients was 5.1 months (95% confidence interval [CI] 3.9-6.3 months). No difference in survival was observed between patients who received endocrine drugs used in previous treatment regimens and patients who did not receive these drugs (median PFS 5.2 and 5.1 months, respectively, p > 0.05). Additionally, we did not find any difference in outcomes between patients who had primary resistance to previously used endocrine drugs and patients who had nonprimary resistance to previous treatments (p > 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that < 3 metastatic sites, < 2 lines of previous endocrine therapy, < 2 lines of previous chemotherapy, and treatment with everolimus combined with fulvestrant were associated with improved survival (p < 0.05). Sixteen patients underwent ctDNA analysis before everolimus treatment. The frequency of PIK3CA gene mutations was 62.5%, and H1047R was the most frequently detected mutation. Patients with the PIK3CA/H1047R mutation had longer PFS than patients with wild-type or other mutant forms of PIK3CA, and the median PFS in these two groups of patients was 8.8 and 4.1 months, respectively (p < 0.05). Our data suggest that patients who receive more lines of chemotherapy or endocrine therapy are less likely to benefit from everolimus. For everolimus combination therapy, we can even select endocrine drugs that gave rise to primary resistance in previous treatments. Additionally, the PIK3CA/H1047R mutation may be a potential biomarker of sensitivity to everolimus.

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Accession: 066783651

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 31088410

DOI: 10.1186/s12885-019-5668-3

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