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Dietary total antioxidant capacity and risk of cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis on observational studies



Dietary total antioxidant capacity and risk of cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis on observational studies



Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology 138: 70-86



Recent studies have shown that dietary total antioxidant capacity (D-TAC) may affect risk of cancer; however, findings are conflicting. Hence, we aimed to summarize the current evidence on the association between D-TAC and risk of cancer. We searched the online databases of PubMed, ISI Web of Science, Scopus, ProQuest, Science Direct and Embase until October 2018 using relevant keywords. To pool data, fixed- or random-effects models were used where appropriate. In total, 19 studies including 8 prospective and 11 case-control studies with 721429 individuals and 16159 cases of cancer were included in the current systematic review and meta-analysis. Combining 15 effect sizes from 6 prospective and 8 case-control studies revealed a significant inverse association between D-TAC (obtained from ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP)) and risk of cancer (combined effect size: 0.86, 95% CI: 0.81-0.92, P < 0.001). Such inverse association was also seen for D-TAC obtained from other methods including trolox equivalence antioxidant capacity (TEAC) (combined effect size: 0.80, 95% CI: 0.70-0.90, P < 0.001), total radical trapping antioxidant parameter (TRAP) (combined effect size: 0.69, 95% CI: 0.62-0.78, P < 0.001) and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) (combined effect size: 0.72, 95% CI: 0.52-1.00, P = 0.04). In addition, a significant non-linear association was found between D-TAC (based on FRAP and TRAP) and cancer risk (P-nonlinearity<0.001). Based on linear dose-response meta-analysis, a-10 mmol/day increase in FRAP and a-5 mmol/day increase in TRAP and TEAC were associated with 9%, 17% and 14% reduction in risk of cancer, respectively. Furthermore, D-TAC was inversely associated with risk of colorectal (combined effect size: 0.82, 95% CI: 0.75-0.89, P < 0.001), gastric (combined effect size: 0.63, 95% CI: 0.53-0.73, P < 0.001), and endometrial cancer (combined effect size: 0.78, 95% CI: 0.69-0.89, P < 0.001). Diet with high antioxidant capacity might have protective effects against cancer.

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Accession: 066787133

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PMID: 31092388

DOI: 10.1016/j.critrevonc.2019.04.003


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