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Enhanced resistive acetone sensing by using hollow spherical composites prepared from MoO 3 and In 2 O 3



Enhanced resistive acetone sensing by using hollow spherical composites prepared from MoO 3 and In 2 O 3



Mikrochimica Acta 186(6): 359



Hollow sphere composites were synthesized by a template-free hydrothermal method from MoO3 and In2O3. The spheres have a typical size of 800 ± 50 nm and were characterized by XRD, FESEM, TEM, XPS. Gas sensors based on samples with different Mo/In composite ratios were fabricated and their gas sensing properties were studied. The results show that a Mo:In ratio of 1:1 in the composite gives the highest response, typically at a working temperature of 250 °C. The response increases to 38 when exposed to 100 ppm acetone at 250 °C. This is 13.6 times better than when using pure MoO3. The sensor shows improved selectivity, response, repeatability and long-term stability. Typical features include a large specific surface area, and high levels of chemisorbed oxygen and defective oxygen sites. The N-N heterojunction theory was used to explain the improvement of gas sensing performance. Graphical abstract Schematic presentation of MoO3 and In2O3 composites and response test graph for 100 ppm acetone. The sensor based on this composite exhibits a very high response (38) to acetone at 250 °C and very fast response time (2 s).

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Accession: 066792771

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 31098848

DOI: 10.1007/s00604-019-3471-0


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