Effects of eicosapentaenoic acid and arachidonic acid on incorporation and metabolism of radioactive linoleic acid in cultured human fibroblasts

Takahashi, R.; Begin, M.E.; Ells, G.; Horrobin, D.F.

Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids 42(2): 113-117


ISSN/ISBN: 0952-3278
DOI: 10.1016/0952-3278(91)90077-i
Accession: 066913050

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Effects of exogenous eicosapentaenoic acid, arachidonic acid and oleic acid on incorporation and metabolism of [14C] linoleic acid were examined in cultured human fibroblasts obtained from three donors of different ages. Eicosapentaenoic acid treatment (40 microM) inhibited incorporation of radioactive linoleic acid and actively reduced radioactivity of desaturation-elongation metabolites in phospholipids, predominantly in the phosphatidylethanolamine fraction. In contrast, radioactivities of the metabolites in triacylglycerols were significantly increased with arachidonic acid treatment (40 microM): eicosapentaenoic acid had a smaller effect or none. Oleic acid had virtually no effect. These effects were consistent in the three cell lines, but responses to treatment with the acids differed considerably among individual cells. The pool of linoleic acid metabolites in triacylglycerols may not be negligible. The exogenous fatty acids may influence both the transfer of lipids between the major lipid pools as well as the activities of the desaturation-elongation system.