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List of PDF Full Texts available from EurekaMag Chapter 67648

Chapter 67648 contains a list of PDF Full Texts available from EurekaMag.

Bermudez, L.E.; Kolonoski, P.; Wu, M.; Aralar, P.A.; Inderlied, C.B.; Young, L.S., 1999:
Mefloquine Is Active In Vitro and In Vivo against Mycobacterium avium Complex

Arthur, M.; Depardieu, F.; Reynolds, P.; Courvalin, P., 1999:
Moderate-Level Resistance to Glycopeptide Ly333328 Mediated by Genes of the vanA and vanB Clusters in Enterococci

Stapleton, P.D.; Shannon, K.P.; French, G.L., 1999:
Construction and Characterization of Mutants of the Tem-1 -Lactamase Containing Amino Acid Substitutions Associated with both Extended-Spectrum Resistance and Resistance to -Lactamase Inhibitors

Jacobson, J.G.; Renau, T.E.; Nassiri, M.R.; Sweier, D.G.; Breitenbach, J.M.; Townsend, L.B.; Drach, J.C., 1999:
Nonnucleoside Pyrrolopyrimidines with a Unique Mechanism of Action against Human Cytomegalovirus

Nishida, K.; Kunugita, C.; Uji, T.; Higashitani, F.; Hyodo, A.; Unemi, N.; Maiti, S.N.; Phillips, O.A.; Spevak, P.; Atchison, K.P.; Salama, S.M.; Atwal, H.; Micetich, R.G., 1999:
In Vitro and In Vivo Activities of Syn2190, a Novel -Lactamase Inhibitor

Jacobs, M.R.; Bajaksouzian, S.; Zilles, A.; Lin, G.; Pankuch, G.A.; Appelbaum, P.C., 1999:
Susceptibilities of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae to 10 Oral Antimicrobial Agents Based on Pharmacodynamic Parameters: 1997 U.S. Surveillance Study

Lozniewski, A.; Duprez, A.; Renault, C.; Muhale, F.; Conroy, M.-C.; Weber, M.; LeFaou, A.; Jehl, F., 1999:
Gastric Penetration of Amoxicillin in a Human Helicobacter pylori -Infected Xenograft Model

Aeschlimann, J.R.; Hershberger, E.; Rybak, M.J., 1999:
Analysis of Vancomycin Population Susceptibility Profiles, Killing Activity, and Postantibiotic Effect against Vancomycin-Intermediate Staphylococcus aureus

Nagl, M.; Neher, C.; Hager, J.; Pfausler, B.; Schmutzhard, E.; Allerberger, F., 1999:
Bactericidal Activity of Vancomycin in Cerebrospinal Fluid

Talarico, C.L.; Burnette, T.C.; Miller, W.H.; Smith, S.L.; Davis, M.G.; Stanat, S.C.; Ng, T.I.; He, Z.; Coen, D.M.; Roizman, B.; Biron, K.K., 1999:
Acyclovir Is Phosphorylated by the Human Cytomegalovirus Ul97 Protein

Zhou, T.; Saputelli, J.; Aldrich, C.E.; Deslauriers, M.; Condreay, L.D.; Mason, W.S., 1999:
Emergence of Drug-Resistant Populations of Woodchuck Hepatitis Virus in Woodchucks Treated with the Antiviral Nucleoside Lamivudine

Larder, B.A.; Bloor, S.; Kemp, S.D.; Hertogs, K.; Desmet, R.L.; Miller, V.; Sturmer, M.; Staszewski, S.; Ren, J.; Stammers, D.K.; Stuart, D.I.; Pauwels, R., 1999:
A Family of Insertion Mutations between Codons 67 and 70 of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Reverse Transcriptase Confer Multinucleoside Analog Resistance

Falk, R.; Domb, A.J.; Polacheck, I., 1999:
A Novel Injectable Water-Soluble Amphotericin B-Arabinogalactan Conjugate

Tarantino, P.M.; Zhi, C.; Wright, G.E.; Brown, N.C., 1999:
Inhibitors of Dna Polymerase Iii as Novel Antimicrobial Agents against Gram-Positive Eubacteria

McKellar, Q.; Gibson, I.; Monteiro, A.; Bregante, M., 1999:
Pharmacokinetics of Enrofloxacin and Danofloxacin in Plasma, Inflammatory Exudate, and Bronchial Secretions of Calves following Subcutaneous Administration

Ovechkina, Y.Y.; Pettit, R.K.; Cichacz, Z.A.; Pettit, G.R.; Oakley, B.R., 1999:
Unusual Antimicrotubule Activity of the Antifungal Agent Spongistatin 1

Lewis, R.E.; Klepser, M.E.; Ernst, E.J.; Lund, B.C.; Biedenbach, D.J.; Jones, R.N., 1999:
Evaluation of Low-Dose, Extended-Interval Clindamycin Regimens against Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumoniae Using a Dynamic In Vitro Model of Infection

Hikida, M.; Itahashi, K.; Igarashi, A.; Shiba, T.; Kitamura, M., 1999:
In Vitro Antibacterial Activity of Ljc 11,036, an Active Metabolite of L-084, a New Oral Carbapenem Antibiotic with Potent Antipneumococcal Activity

Credito, K.L.; Ednie, L.M.; Jacobs, M.R.; Appelbaum, P.C., 1999:
Activity of Telithromycin (Hmr 3647) against Anaerobic Bacteria Compared to Those of Eight Other Agents by Time-Kill Methodology

Descheemaeker, P.R.M.; Chapelle, S.; Devriese, L.A.; Butaye, P.; Vandamme, P.; Goossens, H., 1999:
Comparison of Glycopeptide-Resistant Enterococcus faecium Isolates and Glycopeptide Resistance Genes of Human and Animal Origins

Korting, H.C.; Schaller, M.; Eder, G.; Hamm, G.; Böhmer, U.; Hube, B., 1999:
Effects of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Hiv) Proteinase Inhibitors Saquinavir and Indinavir on In Vitro Activities of Secreted Aspartyl Proteinases of Candida albicans Isolates from Hiv-Infected Patients

Khan, A.A.; Slifer, T.R.; Araujo, F.G.; Remington, J.S., 1999:
Quinupristin-Dalfopristin Is Active against Toxoplasma gondii

Palmer, S.; Shafer, R.W.; Merigan, T.C., 1999:
Hydroxyurea Enhances the Activities of Didanosine, 9-[2-(Phosphonylmethoxy)ethyl]adenine, and 9-[2-(Phosphonylmethoxy)propyl]adenine against Drug-Susceptible and Drug-Resistant Human Immunodeficiency Virus Isolates

Müller, M.; Brunner, M.; Hollenstein, U.; Joukhadar, C.; Schmid, R.; Minar, E.; Ehringer, H.; Eichler, H.G., 1999:
Penetration of Ciprofloxacin into the Interstitial Space of Inflamed Foot Lesions in Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus Patients

Noskin, G.A.; Siddiqui, F.; Stosor, V.; Hacek, D.; Peterson, L.R., 1999:
In Vitro Activities of Linezolid against Important Gram-Positive Bacterial Pathogens Including Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci

Taniguchi, K.; Nakamura, A.; Tsurubuchi, K.; Ishii, A.; O’Hara, K.; Sawai, T., 1999:
Identification of Functional Amino Acids in the Macrolide 2-Phosphotransferase Ii

Nenortas, E.; Burri, C.; Shapiro, T.A., 1999:
Antitrypanosomal Activity of Fluoroquinolones

Smith, R.A.; Klarmann, G.J.; Stray, K.M.; von Schwedler, U.K.; Schinazi, R.F.; Preston, B.D.; North, T.W., 1999:
A New Point Mutation (P157S) in the Reverse Transcriptase of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Confers Low-Level Resistance to ()--2,3-Dideoxy-3-Thiacytidine

Matsumura, N.; Minami, S.; Watanabe, Y.; Iyobe, S.; Mitsuhashi, S., 1999:
Role of Permeability in the Activities of -Lactams against Gram-Negative Bacteria Which Produce a Group 3 -Lactamase

Lee, A.S.G.; Lim, I.H.K.; Tang, L.L.H.; Telenti, A.; Wong, S.Y., 1999:
Contribution of kasA Analysis to Detection of Isoniazid-Resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Singapore

Sobraquès, M.; Maurin, M.; Birtles, R.J.; Raoult, D., 1999:
In Vitro Susceptibilities of Four Bartonella bacilliformis Strains to 30 Antibiotic Compounds

Bozdogan, B.; Leclercq, R.; Lozniewski, A.; Weber, M., 1999:
Plasmid-Mediated Coresistance to Streptogramins and Vancomycin in Enterococcus faecium Hm1032

Schlegel, L.; Sissia, G.; Frémaux, A.; Geslin, P., 1999:
Diminished Killing of Pneumococci by Pristinamycin Demonstrated by Time-Kill Studies

Pevear, D.C.; Tull, T.M.; Seipel, M.E.; Groarke, J.M., 1999:
Activity of Pleconaril against Enteroviruses

Komatsuzawa, H.; Ohta, K.; Labischinski, H.; Sugai, M.; Suginaka, H., 1999:
Characterization of fmtA , a Gene That Modulates the Expression of Methicillin Resistance in Staphylococcus aureus

Miyazaki, E.; Chaisson, R.E.; Bishai, W.R., 1999:
Analysis of Rifapentine for Preventive Therapy in the Cornell Mouse Model of Latent Tuberculosis

Schoevers, E.J.; van Leengoed, L.A.M.G.; Verheijden, J.H.M.; Niewold, T.A., 1999:
Effects of Enrofloxacin on Porcine Phagocytic Function

DeAzavedo, J.C.S.; Yeung, R.H.; Bast, D.J.; Duncan, C.L.; Borgia, S.B.; Low, D.E., 1999:
Prevalence and Mechanisms of Macrolide Resistance in Clinical Isolates of Group A Streptococci from Ontario, Canada

Petraitiene, R.; Petraitis, V.; Groll, A.H.; Candelario, M.; Sein, T.; Bell, A.; Lyman, C.A.; McMillian, C.L.; Bacher, J.; Walsh, T.J., 1999:
Antifungal Activity of Ly303366, a Novel Echinocandin B, in Experimental Disseminated Candidiasis in Rabbits

Gibreel, A.; Sköld, O., 1999:
Sulfonamide Resistance in Clinical Isolates of Campylobacter jejuni : Mutational Changes in the Chromosomal Dihydropteroate Synthase

Fines, M.; Perichon, B.; Reynolds, P.; Sahm, D.F.; Courvalin, P., 1999:
VanE, a New Type of Acquired Glycopeptide Resistance in Enterococcus faecalis Bm4405

Lyman, C.A.; Gonzalez, C.; Schneider, M.; Lee, J.; Walsh, T.J., 1999:
Effects of the Hematoregulatory Peptide Sk&F 107647 Alone and in Combination with Amphotericin B against Disseminated Candidiasis in Persistently Neutropenic Rabbits

Rodríguez, E.; Gaggero, C.; Laviña, M., 1999:
The Structural Gene for Microcin H47 Encodes a Peptide Precursor with Antibiotic Activity

Kun, J.F.J.; Lehman, L.G.; Lell, B.; Schmidt-Ott, R.; Kremsner, P.G., 1999:
Low-Dose Treatment with Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine Combinations Selects for Drug-Resistant Plasmodium falciparum Strains

Golenser, J.; Frankenburg, S.; Ehrenfreund, T.; Domb, A.J., 1999:
Efficacious Treatment of Experimental Leishmaniasis with Amphotericin B-Arabinogalactan Water-Soluble Derivatives

Goldstein, E.J.C.; Citron, D.M.; Warren, Y.; Tyrrell, K.; Merriam, C.V., 1999:
In Vitro Activity of Gemifloxacin (Sb 265805) against Anaerobes

Diekema, D.J.; Pfaller, M.A.; Messer, S.A.; Houston, A.; Hollis, R.J.; Doern, G.V.; Jones, R.N., 1999:
In Vitro Activities of Bms-207147 against Over 600 Contemporary Clinical Bloodstream Isolates of Candida Species from the Sentry Antimicrobial Surveillance Program in North America and Latin America

Djurković-Djaković, O.; Nikolić, T.; Robert-Gangneux, F.; Bobić, B.; Nikolić, A., 1999:
Synergistic Effect of Clindamycin and Atovaquone in Acute Murine Toxoplasmosis

Peterson, M.L.; Hovde, L.B.; Wright, D.H.; Hoang, A.D.; Raddatz, J.K.; Boysen, P.J.; Rotschafer, J.C., 1999:
Fluoroquinolone Resistance in Bacteroides fragilis following Sparfloxacin Exposure

Xu, Y.; Ambudkar, I.; Yamagishi, H.; Swaim, W.; Walsh, T.J.; O’Connell, B.C., 1999:
Histatin 3-Mediated Killing of Candida albicans : Effect of Extracellular Salt Concentration on Binding and Internalization

Kutlin, A.; Roblin, P.M.; Hammerschlag, M.R., 1999:
In Vitro Activities of Azithromycin and Ofloxacin against Chlamydia pneumoniae in a Continuous-Infection Model

Tsao, N.; Kanakamma, P.P.; Luh, T.-Y.; Chou, C.-K.; Lei, H.-Y., 1999:
Inhibition of Escherichia coli -Induced Meningitis by Carboxyfullerence

Malorny, B.; Schroeter, A.; Helmuth, R., 1999:
Incidence of Quinolone Resistance Over the Period 1986 to 1998 in Veterinary Salmonella Isolates from Germany

Bergeron, Y.; Ouellet, N.; Simard, M.; Olivier, M.; Bergeron, M.G., 1999:
Immunomodulation of Pneumococcal Pulmonary Infection with N G -Monomethyl-l-Arginine

Bergeron, Y.; Deslauriers, A.-M.; Ouellet, N.; Gauthier, M.-C.; Bergeron, M.G., 1999:
Influence of Cefodizime on Pulmonary Inflammatory Response to Heat-Killed Klebsiella pneumoniae in Mice

Clark, C.L.; Jacobs, M.R.; Appelbaum, P.C., 1999:
Activities of Clinafloxacin, Alone and in Combination with Other Compounds, against 45 Gram-Positive and -Negative Organisms for Which Clinafloxacin Mics Are High

de Azavedo, J.C.S.; Trpeski, L.; Pong-Porter, S.; Matsumura, S.; Low, D.E., 1999:
In Vitro Activities of Fluoroquinolones against Antibiotic-Resistant Blood Culture Isolates of Viridans Group Streptococci from across Canada

Bui, K.Q.; McNabb, J.; Li, C.; Nightingale, C.H.; Nicolau, D.P., 1999:
Mononuclear and Polymorphonuclear Leukocyte Dispositions of Clarithromycin and Azithromycin in Aids Patients Requiring Mycobacterium avium Complex Prophylaxis

Ridoux, O.; Drancourt, M., 1999:
Lack of In Vitro Antimicrosporidian Activity of Thalidomide

Dallegri, F.; Dapino, P.; Arduino, N.; Bertolotto, M.; Ottonello, L., 1999:
Cefoperazone Prevents the Inactivation of 1 -Antitrypsin by Activated Neutrophils

Cross, N.A.; Kellock, D.J.; Kinghorn, G.R.; Taraktchoglou, M.; Bataki, E.; Oxley, K.M.; Hawkey, P.M.; Eley, A., 1999:
Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing of Chlamydia trachomatis Using a Reverse Transcriptase Pcr-Based Method

Betriu, C.; Gómez, M.; Palau, M.L.; Sánchez, A.; Picazo, J.J., 1999:
Activities of New Antimicrobial Agents (Trovafloxacin, Moxifloxacin, Sanfetrinem, and Quinupristin-Dalfopristin) against Bacteroides fragilis Group: Comparison with the Activities of 14 Other Agents

Piscitelli, S.C.; Spooner, K.; Baird, B.; Chow, A.T.; Fowler, C.L.; Williams, R.R.; Natarajan, J.; Masur, H.; Walker, R.E., 1999:
Pharmacokinetics and Safety of High-Dose and Extended-Interval Regimens of Levofloxacin in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Patients

Ahamed, J.; Gangopadhyay, J.; Kundu, M.; Sinha, A.K., 1999:
Mechanisms of Quinolone Resistance in Clinical Isolates of Shigella dysenteriae

Bellais, S.; Poirel, L.; Naas, T.; Girlich, D.; Nordmann, P., 2000:
Genetic-Biochemical Analysis and Distribution of the Ambler Class A beta -Lactamase Cme-2, Responsible for Extended-Spectrum Cephalosporin Resistance in Chryseobacterium (Flavobacterium) meningosepticum

Oethinger, M.; Kern, W.V.; Jellen-Ritter, A.S.; McMurry, L.M.; Levy, S.B., 2000:
Ineffectiveness of Topoisomerase Mutations in Mediating Clinically Significant Fluoroquinolone Resistance in Escherichia coli in the Absence of the AcrAb Efflux Pump

Piatek, A.S.; Telenti, A.; Murray, M.R.; El-Hajj, H.; Jacobs, W.R.; Kramer, F.R.; Alland, D., 2000:
Genotypic Analysis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Two Distinct Populations Using Molecular Beacons: Implications for Rapid Susceptibility Testing

LeGuerhier, F.; Pichoud, C.; Guerret, S.; Chevallier, M.; Jamard, C.; Hantz, O.; Li, X.-Y.; Chen, S.-H.; King, I.; Trepo, C.; Cheng, Y.-C.; Zoulim, F., 2000:
Characterization of the Antiviral Effect of 2',3'-Dideoxy-2', 3'-Didehydro-beta -L-5-Fluorocytidine in the Duck Hepatitis B Virus Infection Model

Szczech, G.M.; Furman, P.; Painter, G.R.; Barry, D.W.; Borroto-Esoda, K.; Grizzle, T.B.; Blum, M.R.; Sommadossi, J.-P.; Endoh, R.; Niwa, T.; Yamamoto, M.; Moxham, C., 2000:
Safety Assessment, In Vitro and In Vivo, and Pharmacokinetics of Emivirine, a Potent and Selective Nonnucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1

Inselmann, G.; Volkmann, A.; Heidemann, H.T., 2000:
Comparison of the Effects of Liposomal Amphotericin B and Conventional Amphotericin B on Propafenone Metabolism and Hepatic Cytochrome P-450 in Rats

Golin, J.; Barkatt, A.; Cronin, S.; Eng, G.; May, L., 2000:
Chemical Specificity of the Pdr5 Multidrug Resistance Gene Product of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Based on Studies with Tri-n-Alkyltin Chlorides

Sohnle, P.G.; Hahn, B.L., 2000:
Effect of Zinc-Reversible Growth-Inhibitory Activity in Human Empyema Fluid on Antibiotic Microbicidal Activity

Kaneshiro, E.S.; Sul, D.; Hazra, B., 2000:
Effects of Atovaquone and Diospyrin-Based Drugs on Ubiquinone Biosynthesis in Pneumocystis carinii Organisms

Cruz, M.C.; Del Poeta, M.; Wang, P.; Wenger, R.; Zenke, G.; Quesniaux, V.F.J.; Movva, N.R.; Perfect, J.R.; Cardenas, M.E.; Heitman, J., 2000:
Immunosuppressive and Nonimmunosuppressive Cyclosporine Analogs Are Toxic to the Opportunistic Fungal Pathogen Cryptococcus neoformans via Cyclophilin-Dependent Inhibition of Calcineurin

Molina, J.; Martins-Filho, O.; Brener, Z.; Romanha, A.J.; Loebenberg, D.; Urbina, J.A., 2000:
Activities of the Triazole Derivative Sch 56592 (Posaconazole) against Drug-Resistant Strains of the Protozoan Parasite Trypanosoma (Schizotrypanum) cruzi in Immunocompetent and Immunosuppressed Murine Hosts

Hvidberg, H.; Struve, C.; Krogfelt, K.A.; Christensen, N.; Rasmussen, S.N.; Frimodt-Moller, N., 2000:
Development of a Long-Term Ascending Urinary Tract Infection Mouse Model for Antibiotic Treatment Studies

Greenberg, R.N.; Newman, M.T.; Shariaty, S.; Pectol, R.W., 2000:
Ciprofloxacin, Lomefloxacin, or Levofloxacin as Treatment for Chronic Osteomyelitis

Bicart-See, A.; Massip, P.; Linas, M.-D.; Datry, A., 2000:
Successful Treatment with Nitazoxanide of Enterocytozoon bieneusi Microsporidiosis in a Patient with Aids

Pfeifle, D.; Janas, E.; Wiedemann, B., 2000:
Role of Penicillin-Binding Proteins in the Initiation of the AmpC beta -Lactamase Expression in Enterobacter cloacae

Peleman, R.A.; Van DeVelde, V.; Germonpre, P.R.; Fleurinck, C.; Rosseel, M.T.; Pauwels, R.A., 2000:
Trovafloxacin Concentrations in Airway Fluids of Patients with Severe Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Fernandez-Roblas, R.; Esteban, J.; Cabria, F.; Lopez, J.C.; Jimenez, M.S.; Soriano, F., 2000:
In Vitro Susceptibilities of Rapidly Growing Mycobacteria to Telithromycin (Hmr 3647) and Seven Other Antimicrobials

Chou, S.; Meichsner, C.L., 2000:
A Nine-Codon Deletion Mutation in the Cytomegalovirus Ul97 Phosphotransferase Gene Confers Resistance to Ganciclovir

Spangler, S.K.; Bajaksouzian, S.; Jacobs, M.R.; Appelbaum, P.C., 2000:
Postantibiotic Effects of Grepafloxacin Compared to Those of Five Other Agents against 12 Gram-Positive and -Negative Bacteria

Kuhara, T.; Uchida, K.; Yamaguchi, H., 2000:
Therapeutic Efficacy of Human Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor, Used Alone and in Combination with Antifungal Agents, in Mice with Systemic Candida albicans Infection

Tanaka, M.; Nakayama, H.; Haraoka, M.; Saika, T.; Kobayashi, I.; Naito, S., 2000:
Susceptibilities of Neisseria gonorrhoeae Isolates Containing Amino Acid Substitutions in GyrA, with or without Substitutions in ParC, to Newer Fluoroquinolones and Other Antibiotics

Donald, H.M.; Scaife, W.; Amyes, S.G.B.; Young, H.-K., 2000:
Sequence Analysis of Ari-1, a Novel Oxa beta -Lactamase, Responsible for Imipenem Resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii 6B92

Pica, F.; Palamara, A.T.; Rossi, A.; DeMarco, A.; Amici, C.; Santoro, M.G., 2000:
Delta 12-Prostaglandin J2 Is a Potent Inhibitor of Influenza A Virus Replication

Yokochi, T.; Narita, K.; Morikawa, A.; Takahashi, K.; Kato, Y.; Sugiyama, T.; Koide, N.; Kawai, M.; Fukada, M.; Yoshida, T., 2000:
Morphological Change in Pseudomonas aeruginosa following Antibiotic Treatment of Experimental Infection in Mice and Its Relation to Susceptibility to Phagocytosis and to Release of Endotoxin

Steingrimsdottir, H.; Gruber, A.; Palm, C.; Grimfors, G.; Kalin, M.; Eksborg, S., 2000:
Bioavailability of Aciclovir after Oral Administration of Aciclovir and Its Prodrug Valaciclovir to Patients with Leukopenia after Chemotherapy

Backman, A.; Orvelid, P.; Vazquez, J.A.; Skold, O.; Olcen, P., 2000:
Complete Sequence of a beta -Lactamase-Encoding Plasmid in Neisseria meningitidis

Marchandin, H.; Jean-Pierre, H.; DeChamps, C.; Sirot, D.; Darbas, H.; Perigault, P.F.; Carriere, C., 2000:
Production of a Tem-24 Plasmid-Mediated Extended-Spectrum beta -Lactamase by a Clinical Isolate of Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Vaccaro, J.A.; Parnell, K.M.; Terezakis, S.A.; Anderson, K.S., 2000:
Mechanism of Inhibition of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Reverse Transcriptase by d4Ttp: an Equivalent Incorporation Efficiency Relative to the Natural Substrate dTtp

Verdet, C.; Arlet, G.; Barnaud, G.; Lagrange, P.H.; Philippon, A., 2000:
A Novel Integron in Salmonella enterica Serovar Enteritidis, Carrying the blaDha-1 Gene and Its Regulator Gene ampR, Originated from Morganella morganii

Barchiesi, F.; Arzeni, D.; Fothergill, A.W.; DiFrancesco, L.F.; Caselli, F.; Rinaldi, M.G.; Scalise, G., 2000:
In Vitro Activities of the New Antifungal Triazole Sch 56592 against Common and Emerging Yeast Pathogens

Mota-Meira, M.; Lapointe, G.; Lacroix, C.; Lavoie, M.C., 2000:
Mics of Mutacin B-Ny266, Nisin A, Vancomycin, and Oxacillin against Bacterial Pathogens

Ho, I.I.Y.; Chan, C.Y.; Cheng, A.F.B., 2000:
Aminoglycoside Resistance in Mycobacterium kansasii, Mycobacterium avium-M. intracellulare, and Mycobacterium fortuitum: Are Aminoglycoside-Modifying Enzymes Responsible?

Dagan, R.; Leibovitz, E.; Fliss, D.M.; Leiberman, A.; Jacobs, M.R.; Craig, W.; Yagupsky, P., 2000:
Bacteriologic Efficacies of Oral Azithromycin and Oral Cefaclor in Treatment of Acute Otitis Media in Infants and Young Children

Blanco, J.; Barretina, J.; Henson, G.; Bridger, G.; DeClercq, E.; Clotet, B.; Este, J.A., 2000:
The Cxcr4 Antagonist Amd3100 Efficiently Inhibits Cell-Surface-Expressed Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope-Induced Apoptosis

Tawara, S.; Ikeda, F.; Maki, K.; Morishita, Y.; Otomo, K.; Teratani, N.; Goto, T.; Tomishima, M.; Ohki, H.; Yamada, A.; Kawabata, K.; Takasugi, H.; Sakane, K.; Tanaka, H.; Matsumoto, F., 2000:
In Vitro Activities of a New Lipopeptide Antifungal Agent, Fk463, against a Variety of Clinically Important Fungi

Lamb, D.C.; Kelly, D.E.; White, T.C.; Kelly, S.L., 2000:
The R467K Amino Acid Substitution in Candida albicans Sterol 14alpha -Demethylase Causes Drug Resistance through Reduced Affinity

Oh, H.; Hedberg, M.; Wade, D.; Edlund, C., 2000:
Activities of Synthetic Hybrid Peptides against Anaerobic Bacteria: Aspects of Methodology and Stability

Moretti, M.V.; Pauluzzi, S.; Cesana, M., 2000:
Penetration of Rufloxacin into the Cerebrospinal Fluid in Patients with Inflamed and Uninflamed Meninges

Akompong, T.; Ghori, N.; Haldar, K., 2000:
In Vitro Activity of Riboflavin against the Human Malaria Parasite Plasmodium falciparum

Thackray, A.M.; Field, H.J., 2000:
Persistence of Infectious Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 in the Nervous System in Mice after Antiviral Chemotherapy

Winokur, P.L.; Brueggemann, A.; DeSalvo, D.L.; Hoffmann, L.; Apley, M.D.; Uhlenhopp, E.K.; Pfaller, M.A.; Doern, G.V., 2000:
Animal and Human Multidrug-Resistant, Cephalosporin-Resistant Salmonella Isolates Expressing a Plasmid-Mediated Cmy-2 AmpC beta -Lactamase

Hoiby, N.; Pers, C.; Johansen, H.K.; Hansen, H., 2000:
Excretion of beta -Lactam Antibiotics in Sweat---a Neglected Mechanism for Development of Antibiotic Resistance?

Waters, W.R.; Frydman, B.; Marton, L.J.; Valasinas, A.; Reddy, V.K.; Harp, J.A.; Wannemuehler, M.J.; Yarlett, N., 2000:
[1N,12N]Bis(Ethyl)-cis-6,7-Dehydrospermine: a New Drug for Treatment and Prevention of Cryptosporidium parvum Infection of Mice Deficient in T-Cell Receptor Alpha

Villa, L.; Pezzella, C.; Tosini, F.; Visca, P.; Petrucca, A.; Carattoli, A., 2000:
Multiple-Antibiotic Resistance Mediated by Structurally Related IncL/M Plasmids Carrying an Extended-Spectrum beta -Lactamase Gene and a Class 1 Integron

Franceschini, N.; Caravelli, B.; Docquier, J.-D.; Galleni, M.; Frere, J.-M.; Amicosante, G.; Rossolini, G.M., 2000:
Purification and Biochemical Characterization of the Vim-1 Metallo-beta -Lactamase

Bellais, S.; Poirel, L.; Leotard, S.; Naas, T.; Nordmann, P., 2000:
Genetic Diversity of Carbapenem-Hydrolyzing Metallo-beta -Lactamases from Chryseobacterium (Flavobacterium) indologenes

Queenan, A.M.; Torres-Viera, C.; Gold, H.S.; Carmeli, Y.; Eliopoulos, G.M.; Moellering, R.C.; Quinn, J.P.; Hindler, J.; Medeiros, A.A.; Bush, K., 2000:
Sme-Type Carbapenem-Hydrolyzing Class A beta -Lactamases from Geographically Diverse Serratia marcescens Strains

Rochon-Edouard, S.; Pestel-Caron, M.; Lemeland, J.-F.; Caron, F., 2000:
In Vitro Synergistic Effects of Double and Triple Combinations of beta -Lactams, Vancomycin, and Netilmicin against Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Strains

Bonnet, R.; Sampaio, J.L.M.; Chanal, C.; Sirot, D.; DeChamps, C.; Viallard, J.L.; Labia, R.; Sirot, J., 2000:
A Novel Class A Extended-Spectrum beta -Lactamase (Bes-1) in Serratia marcescens Isolated in Brazil

Galan, J.C.; Reig, M.; Navas, A.; Baquero, F.; Blazquez, J., 2000:
Aci-1 from Acidaminococcus fermentans: Characterization of the First beta -Lactamase in Anaerobic Cocci

Joly, V.; Moroni, M.; Concia, E.; Lazzarin, A.; Hirschel, B.; Jost, J.; Chiodo, F.; Bentwich, Z.; Love, W.C.; Hawkins, D.A.; Wilkins, E.G.L.; Gatell, A.J.; Vetter, N.; Greenwald, C.; Freimuth, W.W., 2000:
Delavirdine in Combination with Zidovudine in Treatment of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1-Infected Patients: Evaluation of Efficacy and Emergence of Viral Resistance in a Randomized, Comparative Phase Iii Trial

Jolivet-Gougeon, A.; Buffet, A.; Dupuy, C.; Sixou, J.-L.; Bonnaure-Mallet, M.; David, S.; Cormier, M., 2000:
In Vitro Susceptibilities of Capnocytophaga Isolates to beta -Lactam Antibiotics and beta -Lactamase Inhibitors

Dhawan, V.K.; Bayer, A.S.; Yeaman, M.R., 2000:
Thrombin-Induced Platelet Microbicidal Protein Susceptibility Phenotype Influences the Outcome of Oxacillin Prophylaxis and Therapy of Experimental Staphylococcus aureus Endocarditis

Doucet-Populaire, F.; Ghnassia, J.C.; Bonnet, R.; Sirot, J., 2000:
First Isolation of a Ctx-M-3-Producing Enterobacter cloacae in France

Nakamura, A.; Miyakozawa, I.; Nakazawa, K.; O'Hara, K.; Sawai, T., 2000:
Detection and Characterization of a Macrolide 2'-Phosphotransferase from a Pseudomonas aeruginosa Clinical Isolate

Preston, D.A.; Turnak, M.R.; Jacobs, M.R.; Appelbaum, P.C.; Zhanel, G.G.; Low, D.E.; Craig, W., 2000:
Assumed versus Approved Breakpoints

Kira, T.; Grill, S.P.; Dutschman, G.E.; Lin, J.-S.; Qu, F.; Choi, Y.; Chu, C.K.; Cheng, Y.-C., 2000:
Anti-Epstein-Barr Virus (Ebv) Activity of beta -L-5-Iododioxolane Uracil Is Dependent on Ebv Thymidine Kinase

Saves, M.; Raffi, F.; Clevenbergh, P.; Marchou, B.; Waldner-Combernoux, A.; Morlat, P.; LeMoing, V.; Riviere, C.; Chene, G.; Leport, C.; The APROCOStudy Group,, 2000:
Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C Virus Infection Is a Risk Factor for Severe Hepatic Cytolysis after Initiation of a Protease Inhibitor-Containing Antiretroviral Regimen in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Patients

Rice, L.B.; Carias, L.L.; Hujer, A.M.; Bonafede, M.; Hutton, R.; Hoyen, C.; Bonomo, R.A., 2000:
High-Level Expression of Chromosomally Encoded Shv-1 beta -Lactamase and an Outer Membrane Protein Change Confer Resistance to Ceftazidime and Piperacillin- Tazobactam in a Clinical Isolate of Klebsiella pneumoniae

Bou, G.; Martinez-Beltran, J., 2000:
Cloning, Nucleotide Sequencing, and Analysis of the Gene Encoding an AmpC beta -Lactamase in Acinetobacter baumannii

Neuwirth, C.; Labia, R.; Siebor, E.; Pechinot, A.; Madec, S.; Chaibi, E.B.; Kazmierczak, A., 2000:
Characterization of Tem-56, a Novel beta -Lactamase Produced by a Klebsiella pneumoniae Clinical Isolate

Nagano, R.; Shibata, K.; Adachi, Y.; Imamura, H.; Hashizume, T.; Morishima, H., 2000:
In Vitro Activities of Novel trans-3,5-Disubstituted Pyrrolidinylthio-1beta -Methylcarbapenems with Potent Activities against Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Kuga, A.; Okamoto, R.; Inoue, M., 2000:
AmpR Gene Mutations That Greatly Increase Class C beta -Lactamase Activity in Enterobacter cloacae

Langaee, T.Y.; Gagnon, L.; Huletsky, A., 2000:
Inactivation of the ampD Gene in Pseudomonas aeruginosa Leads to Moderate-Basal-Level and Hyperinducible AmpC beta -Lactamase Expression

Poirel, L.; LeThomas, I.; Naas, T.; Karim, A.; Nordmann, P., 2000:
Biochemical Sequence Analyses of Ges-1, a Novel Class A Extended-Spectrum beta -Lactamase, and the Class 1 Integron In52 from Klebsiella pneumoniae

Rosenau, A.; Cattier, B.; Gousset, N.; Harriau, P.; Philippon, A.; Quentin, R., 2000:
Capnocytophaga ochracea: Characterization of a Plasmid-Encoded Extended-Spectrum Tem-17 beta -Lactamase in the Phylum Flavobacter-Bacteroides

Yuan, M.; Hall, L.M.C.; Savelkoul, P.H.M.; Vandenbroucke-Grauls, C.M.J.E.; Livermore, D.M., 2000:
Shv-13, a Novel Extended-Spectrum beta -Lactamase, in Klebsiella pneumoniae Isolates from Patients in an Intensive Care Unit in Amsterdam

Gallicano, G.; , K., K.; Kashuba, A.D.M., 2000:
Antiretroviral-Drug Concentrations in Semen

Placidi, L.; Cretton-Scott, E.; Gosselin, G.; Pierra, C.; Schinazi, R.F.; Imbach, J.-L.; el Kouni, M.H.; Sommadossi, J.-P., 2000:
Intracellular Metabolism of beta -L-2',3'-Dideoxyadenosine: Relevance to Its Limited Antiviral Activity

Mimoz, O.; Leotard, S.; Jacolot, A.; Padoin, C.; Louchahi, K.; Petitjean, O.; Nordmann, P., 2000:
Efficacies of Imipenem, Meropenem, Cefepime, and Ceftazidime in Rats with Experimental Pneumonia Due to a Carbapenem-Hydrolyzing beta -Lactamase-Producing Strain of Enterobacter cloacae

Poirel, L.; Naas, T.; Nicolas, D.; Collet, L.; Bellais, S.; Cavallo, J.-D.; Nordmann, P., 2000 :
Characterization of Vim-2, a Carbapenem-Hydrolyzing Metallo-beta -Lactamase and Its Plasmid- and Integron-Borne Gene from a Pseudomonas aeruginosa Clinical Isolate in France

Silva, J.; Aguilar, C.; Ayala, G.; Estrada, M.A.; Garza-Ramos, U.; Lara-Lemus, R.; Ledezma, L., 2000:
Tla-1: a New Plasmid-Mediated Extended-Spectrum beta -Lactamase from Escherichia coli

Riccio, M.L.; Franceschini, N.; Boschi, L.; Caravelli, B.; Cornaglia, G.; Fontana, R.; Amicosante, G.; Rossolini, G.M., 2000:
Characterization of the Metallo-beta -Lactamase Determinant of Acinetobacter baumannii Ac-54/97 Reveals the Existence of blaImp Allelic Variants Carried by Gene Cassettes of Different Phylogeny

Teo, J.W.P.; Suwanto, A.; Poh, C.L., 2000:
Novel beta -Lactamase Genes from Two Environmental Isolates of Vibrio harveyi

Mazzariol, A.; Cornaglia, G.; Nikaido, H., 2000:
Contributions of the AmpC beta -Lactamase and the AcrAb Multidrug Efflux System in Intrinsic Resistance of Escherichia coli K-12 to beta -Lactams

Yan, J.-J.; Wu, S.-M.; Tsai, S.-H.; Wu, J.-J.; Su, I.-J., 2000:
Prevalence of Shv-12 among Clinical Isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae Producing Extended-Spectrum beta -Lactamases and Identification of a Novel AmpC Enzyme (Cmy-8) in Southern Taiwan

Woodford, N.; Palepou, M.-F.I.; Babini, G.S.; Holmes, B.; Livermore, D.M., 2000:
Carbapenemases of Chryseobacterium (Flavobacterium) meningosepticum: Distribution of blaB and Characterization of a Novel Metallo-beta -Lactamase Gene, blaB3, in the Type Strain, Nctc 10016

Fiett, J.; Palucha, A.; Miaczynska, B.; Stankiewicz, M.; Przondo-Mordarska, H.; Hryniewicz, W.; Gniadkowski, M., 2000:
A Novel Complex Mutant beta -Lactamase, Tem-68, Identified in a Klebsiella pneumoniae Isolate from an Outbreak of Extended-Spectrum beta -Lactamase-Producing Klebsiellae

Inui, T.; Endo, T.; Matsushita, T., 2000:
Morphological Changes and Lysis Induced by beta -Lactams Associated with the Characteristic Profiles of Affinities of Penicillin-Binding Proteins in Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae

Boschi, L.; Mercuri, P.S.; Riccio, M.L.; Amicosante, G.; Galleni, M.; Frere, J.-M.; Rossolini, G.M., 2000:
The Legionella (Fluoribacter) gormanii Metallo-beta -Lactamase: a New Member of the Highly Divergent Lineage of Molecular-Subclass B3 beta -Lactamases

Bou, G.; Oliver, A.; Martinez-Beltran, J., 2000:
Oxa-24, a Novel Class D beta -Lactamase with Carbapenemase Activity in an Acinetobacter baumannii Clinical Strain

Goldman, M.; Cloud, G.A.; Smedema, M.; LeMonte, A.; Connolly, P.; McKinsey, D.S.; Kauffman, C.A.; Moskovitz, B.; Wheat, L.J., 2000:
Does Long-Term Itraconazole Prophylaxis Result in In Vitro Azole Resistance in Mucosal Candida albicans Isolates from Persons with Advanced Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection?

Kurokawa, H.; Yagi, T.; Shibata, N.; Shibayama, K.; Kamachi, K.; Arakawa, Y., 2000:
A New Shv-Derived Extended-Spectrum beta -Lactamase (Shv-24) That Hydrolyzes Ceftazidime through a Single-Amino-Acid Substitution (D179G) in the Omega -Loop

Zhao, G.; Meier, T.I.; Hoskins, J.; McAllister, K.A., 2000:
Identification and Characterization of the Penicillin-Binding Protein 2a of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Its Possible Role in Resistance to beta -Lactam Antibiotics

Bazmi, H.Z.; Hammond, J.L.; Cavalcanti, S.C.H.; Chu, C.K.; Schinazi, R.F.; Mellors, J.W., 2000:
In Vitro Selection of Mutations in the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Reverse Transcriptase That Decrease Susceptibility to (-)-beta -D-Dioxolane-Guanosine and Suppress Resistance to 3'-Azido-3'-Deoxythymidine

Vouillamoz, J.; Entenza, J.M.; Feger, C.; Glauser, M.P.; Moreillon, P., 2000:
Quinupristin-Dalfopristin Combined with beta -Lactams for Treatment of Experimental Endocarditis Due to Staphylococcus aureus Constitutively Resistant to Macrolide-Lincosamide-Streptogramin B Antibiotics

Kim, J.; Lee, H.-J., 2000 :
Rapid Discriminatory Detection of Genes Coding for Shv beta -Lactamases by Ligase Chain Reaction

Bellais, S.; Aubert, D.; Naas, T.; Nordmann, P., 2000:
Molecular and Biochemical Heterogeneity of Class B Carbapenem-Hydrolyzing beta -Lactamases in Chryseobacterium meningosepticum

Chanal, C.; Bonnet, R.; DeChamps, C.; Sirot, D.; Labia, R.; Sirot, J., 2000:
Prevalence of beta -Lactamases among 1,072 Clinical Strains of Proteus mirabilis: a 2-Year Survey in a French Hospital

Bonnet, R.; Sampaio, J.L.M.; Labia, R.; DeChamps, C.; Sirot, D.; Chanal, C.; Sirot, J., 2000:
A Novel Ctx-M beta -Lactamase (Ctx-M-8) in Cefotaxime-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae Isolated in Brazil

Sabate, M.; Tarrago, R.; Navarro, F.; Miro, E.; Verges, C.; Barbe, J.; Prats, G., 2000:
Cloning and Sequence of the Gene Encoding a Novel Cefotaxime-Hydrolyzing beta -Lactamase (Ctx-M-9) from Escherichia coli in Spain

Iyobe, S.; Kusadokoro, H.; Ozaki, J.; Matsumura, N.; Minami, S.; Haruta, S.; Sawai, T.; O'Hara, K., 2000:
Amino Acid Substitutions in a Variant of Imp-1 Metallo-beta -Lactamase

Siu, L.K.; Lo, J.Y.C.; Yuen, K.Y.; Chau, P.Y.; Ng, M.H.; Ho, P.L., 2000:
Beta -Lactamases in Shigella flexneri Isolates from Hong Kong and Shanghai and a Novel Oxa-1-Like beta -Lactamase, Oxa-30

Fournier, B.; Zhao, X.; Lu, T.; Drlica, K.; Hooper, D.C., 2000:
Selective Targeting of Topoisomerase Iv and Dna Gyrase in Staphylococcus aureus: Different Patterns of Quinolone- Induced Inhibition of Dna Synthesis

Blazquez, J.; Morosini, M.-I.; Negri, M.-C.; Baquero, F., 2000:
Selection of Naturally Occurring Extended-Spectrum Tem beta -Lactamase Variants by Fluctuating beta -Lactam Pressure

Nordmann, P.; Poirel, L.; Kubina, M.; Casetta, A.; Naas, T., 2000:
Biochemical-Genetic Characterization and Distribution of Oxa-22, a Chromosomal and Inducible Class D beta -Lactamase from Ralstonia (Pseudomonas) pickettii

Giakkoupi, P.; Tzouvelekis, L.S.; Tsakris, A.; Loukova, V.; Sofianou, D.; Tzelepi, E., 2000:
Ibc-1, a Novel Integron-Associated Class A beta -Lactamase with Extended-Spectrum Properties Produced by an Enterobacter cloacae Clinical Strain

Haruta, S.; Yamaguchi, H.; Yamamoto, E.T.; Eriguchi, Y.; Nukaga, M.; O'Hara, K.; Sawai, T., 2000:
Functional Analysis of the Active Site of a Metallo-beta -Lactamase Proliferating in Japan

Rasheed, J.K.; Anderson, G.J.; Yigit, H.; Queenan, A.M.; Domenech-Sanchez, A.; Swenson, J.M.; Biddle, J.W.; Ferraro, M.J.; Jacoby, G.A.; Tenover, F.C., 2000:
Characterization of the Extended-Spectrum beta -Lactamase Reference Strain, Klebsiella pneumoniae K6 (Atcc 700603), Which Produces the Novel Enzyme Shv-18

Negri, M.-C.; Lipsitch, M.; Blazquez, J.; Levin, B.R.; Baquero, F., 2000:
Concentration-Dependent Selection of Small Phenotypic Differences in Tem beta -Lactamase-Mediated Antibiotic Resistance

Martinez-Martinez, L.; Conejo, M.C.; Pascual, A.; Hernandez-Alles, S.; Ballesta, S.; Ramirez de Arellano-Ramos, E.; Benedi, V.J.; Perea, E.J., 2000:
Activities of Imipenem and Cephalosporins against Clonally Related Strains of Escherichia coli Hyperproducing Chromosomal beta -Lactamase and Showing Altered Porin Profiles

Perilli, M.; Segatore, B.; Rosaria DeMassis, M.; Riccio, M.L.; Bianchi, C.; Zollo, A.; Rossolini, G.M.; Amicosante, G., 2000:
Tem-72, a New Extended-Spectrum beta -Lactamase Detected in Proteus mirabilis and Morganella morganii in Italy

Bou, G.; Oliver, A.; Ojeda, M.; Monzon, C.; Martinez-Beltran, J., 2000:
Molecular Characterization of Fox-4, a New AmpC-Type Plasmid-Mediated beta -Lactamase from an Escherichia coli Strain Isolated in Spain

Katsarolis, I.; Pefanis, A.; Iliopoulos, D.; Siaperas, P.; Karayiannakos, P.; Giamarellou, H., 2000:
Successful Trovafloxacin Prophylaxis against Experimental Streptococcal Aortic Valve Endocarditis

Vester, B.; Douthwaite, S., 2001:
Macrolide Resistance Conferred by Base Substitutions in 23S rRna

O'Neill, A.J.; Chopra, I.; Martinez, J.L.; Baquero, F., 2001:
Use of Mutator Strains for Characterization of Novel Antimicrobial Agents

Koh, T.H.; Sng, L.-H.; Babini, G.S.; Woodford, N.; Livermore, D.M.; Hall, L.M.C., 2001:
Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in Singapore Producing Imp-1 -Lactamase and Lacking an Outer Membrane Protein

Sirot, D.; Chanal, C.; Bonnet, R.; DeChamps, C.; Sirot, J.; Bret, L., 2001:
Inhibitor-Resistant Tem-33 -Lactamase in a Shigella sonnei Isolate

Chang, F.-Y.; Siu, L.K.; Fung, C.-P.; Huang, M.-H.; Ho, M., 2001:
Diversity of Shv and Tem -Lactamases in Klebsiella pneumoniae: Gene Evolution in Northern Taiwan and Two Novel -Lactamases, Shv-25 and Shv-26

Margolis, P.; Hackbarth, C.; Lopez, S.; Maniar, M.; Wang, W.; Yuan, Z.; White, R.; Trias, J., 2001:
Resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae to Deformylase Inhibitors Is Due to Mutations in defB

Chin, R.; Shaw, T.; Torresi, J.; Sozzi, V.; Trautwein, C.; Bock, T.; Manns, M.; Isom, H.; Furman, P.; Locarnini, S., 2001:
In Vitro Susceptibilities of Wild-Type or Drug-Resistant Hepatitis B Virus to ()--D-2,6-Diaminopurine Dioxolane and 2'-Fluoro-5-Methyl--L-Arabinofuranosyluracil

Kati, W.M.; Montgomery, D.; Maring, C.; Stoll, V.S.; Giranda, V.; Chen, X.; Laver, W.G.; Kohlbrenner, W.; Norbeck, D.W., 2001:
Novel - and -Amino Acid Inhibitors of Influenza Virus Neuraminidase

Poirel, L.; Weldhagen, G.F.; Naas, T.; DeChamps, C.; Dove, M.G.; Nordmann, P., 2001:
Ges-2, a Class A -Lactamase from Pseudomonas aeruginosa with Increased Hydrolysis of Imipenem

Philippon, A.; Arlet, G.; Jacoby, G.A., 2002:
Plasmid-Determined AmpC-Type -Lactamases

Cirioni, O.; Giacometti, A.; Ghiselli, R.; Mocchegiani, F.; Fineo, A.; Orlando, F.; Del Prete, M.S.; Rocchi, M.; Saba, V.; Scalise, G., 2002:
Single-Dose Intraperitoneal Magainins Improve Survival in a Gram-Negative-Pathogen Septic Shock Rat Model

Vyas, N.; Avery, B.A.; Avery, M.A.; Wyandt, C.M., 2002:
Carrier-Mediated Partitioning of Artemisinin into Plasmodium falciparum-Infected Erythrocytes

van den Bogaard, A.E.; Hazen, M.; Hoyer, M.; Oostenbach, P.; Stobberingh, E.E., 2002:
Effects of Flavophospholipol on Resistance in Fecal Escherichia coli and Enterococci of Fattening P

Davies, T.A.; Evangelista, A.; Pfleger, S.; Bush, K.; Sahm, D.F.; Goldschmidt, R., 2002:
Prevalence of Single Mutations in Topoisomerase Type Ii Genes among Levofloxacin-Susceptible Clinical Strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae Isolated in the United States in 1992 to 1996 and 1999 to 2000

Petraitiene, R.; Petraitis, V.; Groll, A.H.; Sein, T.; Schaufele, R.L.; Francesconi, A.; Bacher, J.; Avila, N.A.; Walsh, T.J., 2002:
Antifungal Efficacy of Caspofungin (Mk-0991) in Experimental Pulmonary Aspergillosis in Persistently Neutropenic Rabbits: Pharmacokinetics, Drug Disposition, and Relationship to Galactomannan Antigenemia

Canu, A.; Malbruny, B.; Coquemont, M.; Davies, T.A.; Appelbaum, P.C.; Leclercq, R., 2002:
Diversity of Ribosomal Mutations Conferring Resistance to Macrolides, Clindamycin, Streptogramin, and Telithromycin in Streptococcus pneumoniae

Pavia, C.; Inchiosa, M.A.; Wormser, G.P., 2002:
Efficacy of Short-Course Ceftriaxone Therapy for Borrelia burgdorferi Infection in C3H Mice

Kewn, S.; Hoggard, P.G.; Sales, S.D.; Jones, K.; Maher, B.; Khoo, S.H.; Back, D.J., 2002:
Development of Enzymatic Assays for Quantification of Intracellular Lamivudine and Carbovir Triphosphate Levels in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells from Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Patients

Kelly, J.X.; Winter, R.; Peyton, D.H.; Hinrichs, D.J.; Riscoe, M., 2002:
Optimization of Xanthones for Antimalarial Activity: the 3,6-Bis--Diethylaminoalkoxyxanthone Series

Baraniak, A.; Fiett, J.; Sulikowska, A.; Hryniewicz, W.; Gniadkowski, M., 2002:
Countrywide Spread of Ctx-M-3 Extended-Spectrum -Lactamase-Producing Microorganisms of the Family Enterobacteriaceae in Poland

Wang, E..; Lew, K.; Casciano, C.N.; Clement, R.P.; Johnson, W.W., 2002:
Interaction of Common Azole Antifungals with P Glycoprotein

Mawili-Mboumba, D.P.; Kun, J.F.J.; Lell, B.; Kremsner, P.G.; Ntoumi, F., 2002:
Pfmdr1 Alleles and Response to Ultralow-Dose Mefloquine Treatment in Gabonese Patients

Entenza, J.M.; Hohl, P.; Heinze-Krauss, I.; Glauser, M.P.; Moreillon, P., 2002:
Bal9141, a Novel Extended-Spectrum Cephalosporin Active against Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Treatment of Experimental Endocarditis

Mack, D.; Sabottke, A.; Dobinsky, S.; Rohde, H.; Horstkotte, M.A.; Knobloch, J.K.-M., 2002:
Differential Expression of Methicillin Resistance by Different Biofilm-Negative Staphylococcus epidermidis Transposon Mutant Classes

Cottagnoud, P.; Acosta, F.; Cottagnoud, M.; Pfister, M.; Tauber, M.G., 2002:
Efficacies of Bms 284756 against Penicillin-Sensitive, Penicillin-Resistant, and Quinolone-Resistant Pneumococci in Experimental Meningitis

Cottagnoud, P.; Gerber, C.M.; Cottagnoud, M.; Tauber, M.G., 2002:
Gentamicin Increases the Efficacy of Vancomycin against Penicillin-Resistant Pneumococci in the Rabbit Meningitis Model

Lawrence, L.E.; Frosco, M.; Ryan, B.; Chaniewski, S.; Yang, H.; Hooper, D.C.; Barrett, J.F., 2002:
Bactericidal Activities of Bms-284756, a Novel Des-F(6)-Quinolone, against Staphylococcus aureus Strains with Topoisomerase Mutations

Spanu, T.; Luzzaro, F.; Perilli, M.; Amicosante, G.; Toniolo, A.; Fadda, G., 2002:
Occurrence of Extended-Spectrum -Lactamases in Members of the Family Enterobacteriaceae in Italy: Implications for Resistance to -Lactams and Other Antimicrobial Drugs

Peterson, M.L.; Hovde, L.B.; Wright, D.H.; Brown, G.H.; Hoang, A.D.; Rotschafer, J.C., 2002:
Pharmacodynamics of Trovafloxacin and Levofloxacin against Bacteroides fragilis in an In Vitro Pharmacodynamic Model

Liassine, N.; Madec, S.; Ninet, B.; Metral, C.; Fouchereau-Peron, M.; Labia, R.; Auckenthaler, R., 2002:
Postneurosurgical Meningitis Due to Proteus penneri with Selection of a Ceftriaxone-Resistant Isolate: Analysis of Chromosomal Class A -Lactamase HugA and its LysR-Type Regulatory Protein HugR

Hoellman, D.B.; Kelly, L.M.; Credito, K.; Anthony, L.; Ednie, L.M.; Jacobs, M.R.; Appelbaum, P.C., 2002:
In Vitro Antianaerobic Activity of Ertapenem (Mk-0826) Compared to Seven Other Compounds

Pradines, B.; Ramiandrasoa, F.; Rolain, J.M.; Rogier, C.; Mosnier, J.; Daries, W.; Fusai, T.; Kunesch, G.; LeBras, J.; Parzy, D., 2002:
In Vitro Potentiation of Antibiotic Activities by a Catecholate Iron Chelator against Chloroquine-Resistant Plasmodium falciparum

Pons, A.-M.; Zorn, N.; Vignon, D.; Delalande, F.; Van Dorsselaer, A.; Cottenceau, G., 2002:
Microcin E492 Is an Unmodified Peptide Related in Structure to Colicin V

Shirtliff, M.E.; Calhoun, J.H.; Mader, J.T., 2002:
Gatifloxacin Efficacy in Treatment of Experimental Methicillin-Sensitive Staphylococcus aureus-Induced Osteomyelitis in Rabbits

Bassetti, M.; Dembry, L.M.; Farrel, P.A.; Callan, D.A.; Andriole, V.T., 2002:
Antimicrobial Activities of Bms-284756 Compared with Those of Fluoroquinolones and -Lactams against Gram-Positive Clinical Isolates

Finan, J.E.; Rosato, A.E.; Dickinson, T.M.; Ko, D.; Archer, G.L., 2002:
Conversion of Oxacillin-Resistant Staphylococci from Heterotypic to Homotypic Resistance Expression

Wise, R.; Gee, T.; Marshall, G.; Andrews, J.M., 2002:
Single-Dose Pharmacokinetics and Penetration of Bms 284756 into an Inflammatory Exudate

Arikan, S.; Lozano-Chiu, M.; Paetznick, V.; Rex, J.H., 2002:
In Vitro Synergy of Caspofungin and Amphotericin B against Aspergillus and Fusarium spp

Wheat, L.J.; Connolly, P.; Haddad, N.; LeMonte, A.; Brizendine, E.; Hafner, R., 2002:
Antigen Clearance during Treatment of Disseminated Histoplasmosis with Itraconazole versus Fluconazole in Patients with Aids

Pankuch, G.A.; Nagai, K.; Davies, T.A.; Jacobs, M.R.; Appelbaum, P.C., 2002:
Antipneumococcal Activity of Bms 284756 Compared to Those of Six Other Agents

Gibb, A.P.; Tribuddharat, C.; Moore, R.A.; Louie, T.J.; Krulicki, W.; Livermore, D.M.; Palepou, M.-F.I.; Woodford, N., 2002:
Nosocomial Outbreak of Carbapenem-Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa with a New blaImp Allele, blaImp-7

Pal, C.; Raha, M.; Basu, A.; Roy, K.C.; Gupta, A.; Ghosh, M.; Sahu, N.P.; Banerjee, S.; Mandal, N.B.; Bandyopadhyay, S., 2002:
Combination Therapy with Indolylquinoline Derivative and Sodium Antimony Gluconate Cures Established Visceral Leishmaniasis in Hamsters

Sponer, U.; Prajakwong, S.; Wiedermann, G.; Kollaritsch, H.; Wernsdorfer, G.; Wernsdorfer, W.H., 2002:
Pharmacodynamic Interaction of Doxycycline and Artemisinin in Plasmodium falciparum

Wise, R.; Gee, T.; Andrews, J.M.; Dvorchik, B.; Marshall, G., 2002:
Pharmacokinetics and Inflammatory Fluid Penetration of Intravenous Daptomycin in Volunteers

Ballweber, L.M.; Jaynes, J.E.; Stamm, W.E.; Lampe, M.F., 2002:
In Vitro Microbicidal Activities of Cecropin Peptides D2A21 and D4E1 and Gel Formulations Containing 0.1 to 2% D2A21 against Chlamydia trachomatis

Pankuch, G.A.; Davies, T.A.; Jacobs, M.R.; Appelbaum, P.C., 2002:
Antipneumococcal Activity of Ertapenem (Mk-0826) Compared to Those of Other Agents

Bacchi, C.J.; Weiss, L.M.; Lane, S.; Frydman, B.; Valasinas, A.; Reddy, V.; Sun, J.S.; Marton, L.J.; Khan, I.A.; Moretto, M.; Yarlett, N.; Wittner, M., 2002:
Novel Synthetic Polyamines Are Effective in the Treatment of Experimental Microsporidiosis, an Opportunistic Aids-Associated Infection

Meletiadis, J.; Meis, J.F.G.M.; Mouton, J.W.; Rodriquez-Tudela, J.L.; Donnelly, J.P.; Verweij, P.E., 2002:
In Vitro Activities of New and Conventional Antifungal Agents against Clinical Scedosporium Isolates

Lister, P.D., 2002:
Pharmacodynamics of Gatifloxacin against Streptococcus pneumoniae in an In Vitro Pharmacokinetic Model: Impact of Area under the Curve/Mic Ratios on Eradication

Komatsuzawa, H.; Ohta, K.; Yamada, S.; Ehlert, K.; Labischinski, H.; Kajimura, J.; Fujiwara, T.; Sugai, M., 2002:
Increased Glycan Chain Length Distribution and Decreased Susceptibility to Moenomycin in a Vancomycin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Mutant

Marion, P.L.; Salazar, F.H.; Winters, M.A.; Colonno, R.J., 2002:
Potent Efficacy of Entecavir (Bms-200475) in a Duck Model of Hepatitis B Virus Replication

Walter, H.; Schmidt, B.; Werwein, M.; Schwingel, E.; Korn, K., 2002:
Prediction of Abacavir Resistance from Genotypic Data: Impact of Zidovudine and Lamivudine Resistance In Vitro and In Vivo

Ambur, O.-H.; Reynolds, P.E.; Arias, C.A., 2002:
D-Ala:D-Ala Ligase Gene Flanking the vanC Cluster: Evidence for Presence of Three Ligase Genes in Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus gallinarum Bm4174

Brinas, L.; Zarazaga, M.; Saenz, Y.; Ruiz-Larrea, F.; Torres, C., 2002:
-Lactamases in Ampicillin-Resistant Escherichia coli Isolates from Foods, Humans, and Healthy Animals

Ayi, K.; Giribaldi, G.; Skorokhod, A.; Schwarzer, E.; Prendergast, P.T.; Arese, P., 2002:
16-Bromoepiandrosterone, an Antimalarial Analogue of the Hormone Dehydroepiandrosterone, Enhances Phagocytosis of Ring Stage Parasitized Erythrocytes: a Novel Mechanism for Antimalarial Activity

Morin, A.-S.; Poirel, L.; Mory, F.; Labia, R.; Nordmann, P., 2002:
Biochemical-Genetic Analysis and Distribution of Des-1, an Ambler Class A Extended-Spectrum -Lactamase from Desulfovibrio desulfuricans

Bellais, S.; Girlich, D.; Karim, A.; Nordmann, P., 2002:
Ebr-1, a Novel Ambler Subclass B1 -Lactamase from Empedobacter brevis

Corvec, S.; Caroff, N.; Espaze, E.; Marraillac, J.; Reynaud, A., 2002:
Mutation in the ampC Promoter Increasing Resistance to -Lactams in a Clinical Escherichia coli Strain

Ho, S.E.; Subramaniam, G.; Palasubramaniam, S.; Navaratnam, P., 2002:
Carbapenem-Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Malaysia Producing Imp-7 -Lactamase

Bonnet, R.; Chanal, C.; Ageron, E.; Sirot, D.; DeChamps, C.; Grimont, P.; Sirot, J., 2002:
Inducible AmpC -Lactamase of a New Member Enterobacteriaceae

Araujo, F.G.; Slifer, T.L.; Remington, J.S., 2002:
Inhibition of Secretion of Interleukin-1 and Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha by the Ketolide Antibiotic Telithromycin

Vimont, S.; Poirel, L.; Naas, T.; Nordmann, P., 2002:
Identification of a Chromosome-Borne Expanded-Spectrum Class A -Lactamase from Erwinia persicina

Bagge, N.; Ciofu, O.; Hentzer, M.; Campbell, J.I.A.; Givskov, M.; Hoiby, N., 2002:
Constitutive High Expression of Chromosomal -Lactamase in Pseudomonas aeruginosa Caused by a New Insertion Sequence (Is1669) Located in ampD

Elliott, T.B.; Brook, I.; Harding, R.A.; Bouhaouala, S.S.; Shoemaker, M.O.; Knudson, G.B., 2002:
Antimicrobial Therapy for Bacillus anthracis-Induced Polymicrobial Infection in 60Co -Irradiated Mice

Mammeri, H.; Bellais, S.; Nordmann, P., 2002:
Chromosome-Encoded -Lactamases Tus-1 and Mus-1 from Myroides odoratus and Myroides odoratimimus (Formerly Flavobacterium odoratum), New Members of the Lineage of Molecular Subclass B1 Metalloenzymes

Schroeder, W.A.; Locke, T.R.; Jensen, S.E., 2002:
Resistance to -Lactamase Inhibitor Protein Does Not Parallel Resistance to Clavulanic Acid in Tem -Lactamase Mutants

Anthonisen, I.-L.; Sunde, M.; Steinum, T.M.; Sidhu, M.S.; Sorum, H., 2002:
Organization of the Antiseptic Resistance Gene qacA and Tn552-Related -Lactamase Genes in Multidrug- Resistant Staphylococcus haemolyticus Strains of Animal and Human Origins

Alonso, R.; Gerbaud, G.; Galimand, M.; Courvalin, P., 2002:
Tem-103/Irt-28 -Lactamase, a New Tem Variant Produced by Escherichia coli Bm4511

Leach, A.J.; Morris, P.S.; Smith-Vaughan, H.; Mathews, J.D., 2002:
In Vivo Penicillin Mic Drift to Extremely High Resistance in Serotype 14 Streptococcus pneumoniae Persistently Colonizing the Nasopharynx of an Infant with Chronic Suppurative Lung Disease: a Case Study

Crowley, B.; Benedi, V.J.; Domenech-Sanchez, A., 2002:
Expression of Shv-2 -Lactamase and of Reduced Amounts of OmpK36 Porin in Klebsiella pneumoniae Results in Increased Resistance to Cephalosporins and Carbapenems

Canica, M.; Ferreira, M.; Ferreira, E.; Cabral, L., 2002:
Phenotype and Molecular Characterization of the First Inhibitor-Resistant Tem-Derived -Lactamase Identified in Portugal

Cao, V.; Lambert, T.; Nhu, D.Q.; Loan, H.K.; Hoang, N.K.; Arlet, G.; Courvalin, P., 2002:
Distribution of Extended-Spectrum -Lactamases in Clinical Isolates of Enterobacteriaceae in Vietnam

Bronner, S.; Murbach, V.; Peter, J.-D.; Leveque, D.; Elkhaili, H.; Salmon, Y.; Dhoyen, N.; Monteil, H.; Woodnutt, G.; Jehl, F., 2002:
Ex Vivo Pharmacodynamics of Amoxicillin-Clavulanate against -Lactamase-Producing Escherichia coli in a Yucatan Miniature Pig Model That Mimics Human Pharmacokinetics

Moland, E.S.; Black, J.A.; Ourada, J.; Reisbig, M.D.; Hanson, N.D.; Thomson, K.S., 2002:
Occurrence of Newer -Lactamases in Klebsiella pneumoniae Isolates from 24 U.S. Hospitals

Dromer, F.; Chevalier, R.; Sendid, B.; Improvisi, L.; Jouault, T.; Robert, R.; Mallet, J.M.; Poulain, D., 2002:
Synthetic Analogues of -1,2 Oligomannosides Prevent Intestinal Colonization by the Pathogenic Yeast Candida albicans

Martinez-Martinez, L.; Pascual, A.; Conejo, M.d.C.; Garcia, I.; Joyanes, P.; Domenech-Sanchez, A.; Benedi, V.J., 2002:
Energy-Dependent Accumulation of Norfloxacin and Porin Expression in Clinical Isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Relationship to Extended-Spectrum -Lactamase Production

Hujer, A.M.; Hujer, K.M.; Helfand, M.S.; Anderson, V.E.; Bonomo, R.A., 2002:
Amino Acid Substitutions at Ambler Position Gly238 in the Shv-1 -Lactamase: Exploring Sequence Requirements for Resistance to Penicillins and Cephalosporins

Beadle, B.M.; Shoichet, B.K., 2002:
Structural Basis for Imipenem Inhibition of Class C -Lactamases

Perilli, M.; Segatore, B.; DeMassis, M.R.; Pagani, L.; Luzzaro, F.; Rossolini, G.M.; Amicosante, G., 2002:
Biochemical Characterization of Tem-92 Extended-Spectrum -Lactamase, a Protein Differing from Tem-52 in the Signal Peptide

Miro, E.; Navarro, F.; Mirelis, B.; Sabate, M.; Rivera, A.; Coll, P.; Prats, G., 2002:
Prevalence of Clinical Isolates of Escherichia coli Producing Inhibitor-Resistant -Lactamases at a University Hospital in Barcelona, Spain, over a 3-Year Period

Pournaras, S.; Tsakris, A.; Maniati, M.; Tzouvelekis, L.S.; Maniatis, A.N., 2002:
Novel Variant (blaVim-4) of the Metallo--Lactamase Gene blaVim-1 in a Clinical Strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Lartigue, M.F.; Leflon-Guibout, V.; Poirel, L.; Nordmann, P.; Nicolas-Chanoine, M.-H., 2002:
Promoters P3, Pa/Pb, P4, and P5 Upstream from blaTem Genes and Their Relationship to -Lactam Resistance

Poirel, L.; Kampfer, P.; Nordmann, P., 2002:
Chromosome-Encoded Ambler Class A -Lactamase of Kluyvera georgiana, a Probable Progenitor of a Subgroup of Ctx-M Extended-Spectrum -Lactamases

Duarte, A.; Faria, N.; Conceicao, T.; Correia, M.; Lito, L.M.; Cristino, J.M.; Salgado, M.J.; Tenreiro, R., 2002:
Identification of Tem-10 -Lactamase in a Kluyvera sp. and Other Enterobacteriaceae at a Portuguese Hospital

Jeric, P.E.; Lopardo, H.; Vidal, P.; Arduino, S.; Fernandez, A.; Orman, B.E.; Sordelli, D.O.; Centron, D., 2002:
Multicenter Study on Spreading of the tet(M) Gene in Tetracycline-Resistant Streptococcus Group G and C Isolates in Argentina

Johnson, A.P.; Warner, M.; Carter, M.; Livermore, D.M., 2002:
In Vitro Activity of Cephalosporin Rwj-54428 (Mc-02479) against Multidrug-Resistant Gram-Positive Cocci

Chacon, O.; Feng, Z.; Harris, N.B.; Caceres, N.E.; Adams, L.G.; Barletta, R.G., 2002:
Mycobacterium smegmatisD-Alanine Racemase Mutants Are Not Dependent on D-Alanine for Growth

Krosky, P.M.; Borysko, K.Z.; Nassiri, M.R.; Devivar, R.V.; Ptak, R.G.; Davis, M.G.; Biron, K.K.; Townsend, L.B.; Drach, J.C., 2002:
Phosphorylation of -D-Ribosylbenzimidazoles Is Not Required for Activity against Human Cytomegalovirus

Rodrigues, J.C.F.; Attias, M.; Rodriguez, C.; Urbina, J.A.; Souza, W.d., 2002:
Ultrastructural and Biochemical Alterations Induced by 22,26-Azasterol, a 24(25)-Sterol Methyltransferase Inhibitor, on Promastigote and Amastigote Forms of Leishmania amazonensis

Coque, T.M.; Oliver, A.; Perez-Diaz, J.C.; Baquero, F.; Canton, R., 2002:
Genes Encoding Tem-4, Shv-2, and Ctx-M-10 Extended-Spectrum -Lactamases Are Carried by Multiple Klebsiella pneumoniae Clones in a Single Hospital (Madrid, 1989 to 2000)

Dutour, C.; Bonnet, R.; Marchandin, H.; Boyer, M.; Chanal, C.; Sirot, D.; Sirot, J., 2002:
Ctx-M-1, Ctx-M-3, and Ctx-M-14 -Lactamases from Enterobacteriaceae Isolated in France

Critchley, I.A.; Karlowsky, J.A.; Draghi, D.C.; Jones, M.E.; Thornsberry, C.; Murfitt, K.; Sahm, D.F., 2002:
Activities of Faropenem, an Oral -Lactam, against Recent U.S. Isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis

Poirel, L.; Gerome, P.; DeChamps, C.; Stephanazzi, J.; Naas, T.; Nordmann, P., 2002:
Integron-Located oxa-32 Gene Cassette Encoding an Extended-Spectrum Variant of Oxa-2 -Lactamase from Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Drusano, G.L.; Preston, S.L.; Gotfried, M.H.; Danziger, L.H.; Rodvold, K.A., 2002:
Levofloxacin Penetration into Epithelial Lining Fluid as Determined by Population Pharmacokinetic Modeling and Monte Carlo Simulation

Smith, C.J.; Madinier, I.; Fosse, T.; Guidicelli, J.; Labia, R., 2002:
What Constitutes an Extended-Spectrum -lactamase?

Dubois, V.; Poirel, L.; Marie, C.; Arpin, C.; Nordmann, P.; Quentin, C., 2002:
Molecular Characterization of a Novel Class 1 Integron Containing blaGes-1 and a Fused Product of aac(3)-Ib/aac(6")-Ib" Gene Cassettes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Vakulenko, S.; Golemi, D., 2002:
Mutant Tem -Lactamase Producing Resistance to Ceftazidime, Ampicillins, and -Lactamase Inhibitors

Howard, C.; van Daal, A.; Kelly, G.; Schooneveldt, J.; Nimmo, G.; Giffard, P.M., 2002:
Identification and Minisequencing-Based Discrimination of Shv -Lactamases in Nosocomial Infection-Associated Klebsiella pneumoniae in Brisbane, Australia

Perilli, M.; Segatore, B.; Massis, M.R.D.; Franceschini, N.; Bianchi, C.; Rossolini, G.M.; Amicosante, G., 2002:
Characterization of a New Extended-Spectrum -Lactamase (Tem-87) Isolated in Proteus mirabilis during an Italian Survey

Lee, K.; Lim, J.B.; Yum, J.H.; Yong, D.; Chong, Y.; Kim, J.M.; Livermore, D.M., 2002:
BlaVim-2 Cassette-Containing Novel Integrons in Metallo--Lactamase-Producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Pseudomonas putida Isolates Disseminated in a Korean Hospital

Aoki, H.; Ke, L.; Poppe, S.M.; Poel, T.J.; Weaver, E.A.; Gadwood, R.C.; Thomas, R.C.; Shinabarger, D.L.; Ganoza, M.C., 2002:
Oxazolidinone Antibiotics Target the P Site on Escherichiacoli Ribosomes

Yu, W.L.; Winokur, P.L.; Von Stein, D.L.; Pfaller, M.A.; Wang, J.H.; Jones, R.N., 2002:
First Description of Klebsiella pneumoniae Harboring Ctx-M -Lactamases (Ctx-M-14 and Ctx-M-3) in Taiwan

Cheung, T.K.M.; Ho, P.L.; Woo, P.C.Y.; Yuen, K.Y.; Chau, P.Y., 2002:
Cloning and Expression of Class A -Lactamase Gene blaAbps in Burkholderia pseudomallei

Bellais, S.; Naas, T.; Nordmann, P., 2002:
Molecular and Biochemical Characterization of Ambler Class A Extended-Spectrum -Lactamase Cga-1 from Chryseobacterium gleum

Arpin, C.; Labia, R.; Dubois, V.; Noury, P.; Souquet, M.; Quentin, C., 2002:
Tem-80, a Novel Inhibitor-Resistant -Lactamase in a Clinical Isolate of Enterobacter cloacae

Barlow, M.; Hall, B.G., 2002:
Origin and Evolution of the AmpC -Lactamases of Citrobacter freundii

Cao, V.; Lambert, T.; Courvalin, P., 2002:
ColE1-Like Plasmid pIp843 of Klebsiella pneumoniae Encoding Extended-Spectrum -Lactamase Ctx-M-17

Jackowski, S.; Zhang, Y.-M.; Price, A.C.; White, S.W.; Rock, C.O., 2002:
A Missense Mutation in the fabB (-Ketoacyl-Acyl Carrier Protein Synthase I) Gene Confers Thiolactomycin Resistance to Escherichia coli

Li, Q.; Lee, J.Y.; Castillo, R.; Hixon, M.S.; Pujol, C.; Doppalapudi, V.R.; Shepard, H.M.; Wahl, G.M.; Lobl, T.J.; Chan, M.F., 2002:
Nb2001, a Novel Antibacterial Agent with Broad-Spectrum Activity and Enhanced Potency against -Lactamase-Producing Strains

Low, D.E.; de Azavedo, J.; Weiss, K.; Mazzulli, T.; Kuhn, M.; Church, D.; Forward, K.; Zhanel, G.; Simor, A.; McGeer, A., 2002:
Antimicrobial Resistance among Clinical Isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae in Canada during 2000

He, X.; Reynolds, K.A., 2002:
Purification, Characterization, and Identification of Novel Inhibitors of the -Ketoacyl-Acyl Carrier Protein Synthase Iii (FabH) from Staphylococcus aureus

Casal, J.; Aguilar, L.; Jado, I.; Yuste, J.; Gimenez, M.J.; Prieto, J.; Fenoll, A., 2002:
Effects of Specific Antibodies against Streptococcus pneumoniae on Pharmacodynamic Parameters of -Lactams in a Mouse Sepsis Model

Petroni, A.; Corso, A.; Melano, R.; Cacace, M.L.; Bru, A.M.; Rossi, A.; Galas, M., 2002:
Plasmidic Extended-Spectrum -Lactamases in Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor Isolates in Argentina

Kim, Y.-K.; Pai, H.; Lee, H.-J.; Park, S.-E.; Choi, E.-H.; Kim, J.; Kim, J.-H.; Kim, E.-C., 2002:
Bloodstream Infections by Extended-Spectrum -Lactamase-Producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae in Children: Epidemiology and Clinical Outcome

Ida, T.; Okamoto, R.; Nonoyama, M.; Irinoda, K.; Kurazono, M.; Inoue, M., 2002:
Antagonism between Aminoglycosides and -Lactams in a Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Isolate Involves Induction of an Aminoglycoside-Modifying Enzyme

Petrosino, J.F.; Pendleton, A.R.; Weiner, J.H.; Rosenberg, S.M., 2002:
Chromosomal System for Studying AmpC-Mediated -Lactam Resistance Mutation in Escherichia coli

Kartali, G.; Tzelepi, E.; Pournaras, S.; Kontopoulou, C.; Kontos, F.; Sofianou, D.; Maniatis, A.N.; Tsakris, A., 2002:
Outbreak of Infections Caused by Enterobacter cloacae Producing the Integron-Associated -Lactamase Ibc-1 in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of a Greek Hospital

Birkus, G.; Hajek, M.; Kramata, P.; Votruba, I.; Holy, A.; Otova, B., 2002:
Tenofovir Diphosphate Is a Poor Substrate and a Weak Inhibitor of Rat Dna Polymerases , , and

Hernandez-Santiago, B.; Placidi, L.; Cretton-Scott, E.; Faraj, A.; Bridges, E.G.; Bryant, M.L.; Rodriguez-Orengo, J.; Imbach, J.L.; Gosselin, G.; Pierra, C.; Dukhan, D.; Sommadossi, J.P., 2002:
Pharmacology of -L-Thymidine and -L-2'-Deoxycytidine in HepG2 Cells and Primary Human Hepatocytes: Relevance to Chemotherapeutic Efficacy against Hepatitis B Virus

Cresti, S.; Lattanzi, M.; Zanchi, A.; Montagnani, F.; Pollini, S.; Cellesi, C.; Rossolini, G.M., 2002:
Resistance Determinants and Clonal Diversity in Group A Streptococci Collected during a Period of Increasing Macrolide Resistance

Docquier, J.-D.; Pantanella, F.; Giuliani, F.; Thaller, M.C.; Amicosante, G.; Galleni, M.; Frere, J.-M.; Bush, K.; Rossolini, G.M., 2002:
Cau-1, a Subclass B3 Metallo--Lactamase of Low Substrate Affinity Encoded by an Ortholog Present in the Caulobacter crescentus Chromosome

Vessillier, S.; Docquier, J.-D.; Rival, S.; Frere, J.-M.; Galleni, M.; Amicosante, G.; Rossolini, G.M.; Franceschini, N., 2002:
Overproduction and Biochemical Characterization of the Chryseobacterium meningosepticum BlaB Metallo--Lactamase

Montero, A.; Ariza, J.; Corbella, X.; Domenech, A.; Cabellos, C.; Ayats, J.; Tubau, F.; Ardanuy, C.; Gudiol, F., 2002:
Efficacy of Colistin versus -Lactams, Aminoglycosides, and Rifampin as Monotherapy in a Mouse Model of Pneumonia Caused by Multiresistant Acinetobacter baumannii

Vakulenko, S.B.; Golemi, D.; Geryk, B.; Suvorov, M.; Knox, J.R.; Mobashery, S.; Lerner, S.A., 2002:
Mutational Replacement of Leu-293 in the Class C Enterobacter cloacae P99 -Lactamase Confers Increased Mic of Cefepime

Ma, L.; Ishii, Y.; Chang, F.-Y.; Yamaguchi, K.; Ho, M.; Siu, L.K., 2002:
Ctx-M-14, a Plasmid-Mediated Ctx-M Type Extended-Spectrum -Lactamase Isolated from Escherichia coli

Rasheed, J.K.; Anderson, G.J.; Queenan, A.M.; Biddle, J.W.; Oliver, A.; Jacoby, G.A.; Bush, K.; Tenover, F.C., 2002:
Tem-71, a Novel Plasmid-Encoded, Extended-Spectrum -Lactamase Produced by a Clinical Isolate of Klebsiella pneumoniae

Bonnet, R.; Marchandin, H.; Chanal, C.; Sirot, D.; Labia, R.; DeChamps, C.; Jumas-Bilak, E.; Sirot, J., 2002:
Chromosome-Encoded Class D -Lactamase Oxa-23 in Proteus mirabilis

Iyobe, S.; Kusadokoro, H.; Takahashi, A.; Yomoda, S.; Okubo, T.; Nakamura, A.; O'Hara, K., 2002:
Detection of a Variant Metallo--Lactamase, Imp-10, from Two Unrelated Strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and an Alcaligenes xylosoxidans Strain

Kiri, N.; Archer, G.; Climo, M.W., 2002:
Combinations of Lysostaphin with -Lactams Are Synergistic against Oxacillin-Resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis

Bellais, S.; Mimoz, O.; Leotard, S.; Jacolot, A.; Petitjean, O.; Nordmann, P., 2002:
Efficacy of -Lactams for Treating Experimentally Induced Pneumonia Due to a Carbapenem-Hydrolyzing Metallo--Lactamase-Producing Strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Granier, S.A.; Leflon-Guibout, V.; Nicolas-Chanoine, M.-H.; Bush, K.; Goldstein, F.W., 2002:
The Extended-Spectrum K1 -Lactamase from Klebsiella oxytoca Sc 10,436 Is a Member of the blaOxy-2 Family of Chromosomal Klebsiella Enzymes

Carryn, S.; Van Bambeke, F.; Mingeot-Leclercq, M.-P.; Tulkens, P.M., 2002:
Comparative Intracellular (Thp-1 Macrophage) and Extracellular Activities of -Lactams, Azithromycin, Gentamicin, and Fluoroquinolones against Listeria monocytogenes at Clinically Relevant Concentrations

Melano, R.; Petroni, A.; Garutti, A.; Saka, H.A.; Mange, L.; Pasteran, F.; Rapoport, M.; Rossi, A.; Galas, M., 2002:
New Carbenicillin-Hydrolyzing -Lactamase (Carb-7) from Vibrio cholerae Non-O1, Non-O139 Strains Encoded by the Vcr Region of the V. cholerae Genome

Dabernat, H.; Delmas, C.; Seguy, M.; Pelissier, R.; Faucon, G.; Bennamani, S.; Pasquier, C., 2002:
Diversity of -Lactam Resistance-Conferring Amino Acid Substitutions in Penicillin-Binding Protein 3 of Haemophilus influenzae

Gerrits, M.M.; Schuijffel, D.; van Zwet, A.A.; Kuipers, E.J.; Vandenbroucke-Grauls, C.M.J.E.; Kusters, J.G., 2002:
Alterations in Penicillin-Binding Protein 1A Confer Resistance to -Lactam Antibiotics in Helicobacter pylori

Raskine, L.; Borrel, I.; Barnaud, G.; Boyer, S.; Hanau-Bercot, B.; Gravisse, J.; Labia, R.; Arlet, G.; Sanson-Le-Pors, M.-J., 2002:
Novel Plasmid-Encoded Class C -Lactamase (Mox-2) in Klebsiella pneumoniae from Greece

Viaene, E.; Chanteux, H.; Servais, H.; Mingeot-Leclercq, M.-P.; Tulkens, P.M., 2002:
Comparative Stability Studies of Antipseudomonal -Lactams for Potential Administration through Portable Elastomeric Pumps (Home Therapy for Cystic Fibrosis Patients) and Motor-Operated Syringes (Intensive Care Units)

Siemann, S.; Evanoff, D.P.; Marrone, L.; Clarke, A.J.; Viswanatha, T.; Dmitrienko, G.I., 2002:
N-Arylsulfonyl Hydrazones as Inhibitors of Imp-1 Metallo--Lactamase

Pankuch, G.A.; Bozdogan, B.; Nagai, K.; Tambic-Andrasevic, A.; Schoenwald, S.; Tambic, T.; Kalenic, S.; Plesko, S.; Tepes, N.K.; Kotarski, Z.; Payerl-Pal, M.; Appelbaum, P.C., 2002:
Incidence, Epidemiology, and Characteristics of Quinolone- Nonsusceptible Streptococcus pneumoniae in Croatia

Bellais, S.; Naas, T.; Nordmann, P., 2002:
Genetic and Biochemical Characterization of Cgb-1, an Ambler Class B Carbapenem-Hydrolyzing -Lactamase from Chryseobacterium gleum

Sidhu, M.S.; Heir, E.; Leegaard, T.; Wiger, K.; Holck, A., 2002:
Frequency of Disinfectant Resistance Genes and Genetic Linkage with -Lactamase Transposon Tn552 among Clinical Staphylococci

Lakaye, B.; Dubus, A.; Joris, B.; Frere, J.-M., 2002:
Method for Estimation of Low Outer Membrane Permeability to -Lactam Antibiotics

Lepper, P.M.; Grusa, E.; Reichl, H.; Hogel, J.; Trautmann, M., 2002 :
Consumption of Imipenem Correlates with -Lactam Resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Xuan, D.; Banevicius, M.; Capitano, B.; Kim, M.-K.; Nightingale, C.; Nicolau, D., 2002:
Pharmacodynamic Assessment of Ertapenem (Mk-0826) against Streptococcuspneumoniae in a Murine Neutropenic Thigh Infection Model

DeChamps, C.; Poirel, L.; Bonnet, R.; Sirot, D.; Chanal, C.; Sirot, J.; Nordmann, P., 2002:
Prospective Survey of -Lactamases Produced by Ceftazidime- Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolated in a French Hospital in 2000

Humeniuk, C.; Arlet, G.; Gautier, V.; Grimont, P.; Labia, R.; Philippon, A., 2002:
-Lactamases of Kluyvera ascorbata, Probable Progenitors of Some Plasmid-Encoded Ctx-M Types

Rautelin, H.; Vierikko, A.; Hanninen, M.-L.; Vaara, M., 2003:
Antimicrobial Susceptibilities of Campylobacter Strains Isolated from Finnish Subjects Infected Domestically or from Those Infected Abroad

Meletiadis, J.; Mouton, J.W.; Meis, J.F.G.M.; Verweij, P.E., 2003:
In Vitro Drug Interaction Modeling of Combinations of Azoles with Terbinafine against Clinical Scedosporium prolificans Isolates

Goujard, C.; Vincent, I.; Meynard, J.-L.; Choudet, N.; Bollens, D.; Rousseau, C.; Demarles, D.; Gillotin, C.; Bidault, R.; Taburet, A.-M., 2003:
Steady-State Pharmacokinetics of Amprenavir Coadministered with Ritonavir in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1-Infected Patients

Larrat, S.; Stanke-Labesque, F.; Plages, A.; Zarski, J.-P.; Bessard, G.; Souvignet, C., 2003:
Ribavirin Quantification in Combination Treatment of Chronic Hepatitis C

Pfister, M.; Zhang, L.; Hammarlund-Udenaes, M.; Sheiner, L.B.; Gerber, C.M.; Tauber, M.G.; Cottagnoud, P., 2003:
Modeling of Transfer Kinetics at the Serum-Cerebrospinal Fluid Barrier in Rabbits with Experimental Meningitis: Application to Grepafloxacin

Aldridge, K.E.; Ashcraft, D.; O'Brien, M.; Sanders, C.V., 2003:
Bacteremia Due to Bacteroides fragilis Group: Distribution of Species, -Lactamase Production, and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Patterns

Shenai, B.R.; Lee, B.J.; Alvarez-Hernandez, A.; Chong, P.Y.; Emal, C.D.; Neitz, R.J.; Roush, W.R.; Rosenthal, P.J., 2003:
Structure-Activity Relationships for Inhibition of Cysteine Protease Activity and Development of Plasmodium falciparum by Peptidyl Vinyl Sulfones

Waites, K.B.; Crabb, D.M.; Bing, X.; Duffy, L.B., 2003:
In Vitro Susceptibilities to and Bactericidal Activities of Garenoxacin (Bms-284756) and Other Antimicrobial Agents against Human Mycoplasmas and Ureaplasmas

Mason, E.O.; Lamberth, L.B.; Wald, E.R.; Bradley, J.S.; Barson, W.J.; Kaplan, S.L., 2003:
In Vitro Activities of Cethromycin (Abt-773), a New Ketolide, against Streptococcus pneumoniae Strains That Are Not Susceptible to Penicillin or Macrolides

Russell, B.M.; Udomsangpetch, R.; Rieckmann, K.H.; Kotecka, B.M.; Coleman, R.E.; Sattabongkot, J., 2003:
Simple In Vitro Assay for Determining the Sensitivity of Plasmodium vivax Isolates from Fresh Human Blood to Antimalarials in Areas where P. vivax Is Endemic

Rodriguez, E.; Lavina, M., 2003:
The Proton Channel Is the Minimal Structure of Atp Synthase Necessary and Sufficient for Microcin H47 Antibiotic Action

DeVito, J.A.; Morris, S., 2003:
Exploring the Structure and Function of the Mycobacterial KatG Protein Using trans-Dominant Mutants

Naas, T.; Zerbib, M.; Girlich, D.; Nordmann, P., 2003:
Integration of a Transposon Tn1-Encoded Inhibitor-Resistant -Lactamase Gene, blaTem-67 from Proteus mirabilis, into the Escherichia coli Chromosome

Fey, P.D.; Said-Salim, B.; Rupp, M.E.; Hinrichs, S.H.; Boxrud, D.J.; Davis, C.C.; Kreiswirth, B.N.; Schlievert, P.M., 2003:
Comparative Molecular Analysis of Community- or Hospital-Acquired Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Manson, J.M.; Keis, S.; Smith, J.M.B.; Cook, G.M., 2003:
A Clonal Lineage of VanA-Type Enterococcus faecalis Predominates in Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci Isolated in New Zealand

Rodriguez-Cerrato, V.; McCoig, C.C.; Saavedra, J.; Barton, T.; Michelow, I.C.; Hardy, R.D.; Bowlware, K.; Iglehart, J.; Katz, K.; McCracken, G.H., 2003:
Garenoxacin (Bms-284756) and Moxifloxacin in Experimental Meningitis Caused by Vancomycin-Tolerant Pneumococci

Lefort, A.; Lafaurie, M.; Massias, L.; Petegnief, Y.; Saleh-Mghir, A.; Muller-Serieys, C.; LeGuludec, D.; Fantin, B., 2003:
Activity and Diffusion of Tigecycline (Gar-936) in Experimental Enterococcal Endocarditis

Toledo, M.J.d.O.; Bahia, M.T.; Carneiro, C.M.; Martins-Filho, O.A.; Tibayrenc, M.; Barnabe, C.; Tafuri, W.L.; de Lana, M., 2003:
Chemotherapy with Benznidazole and Itraconazole for Mice Infected with Different Trypanosoma cruzi Clonal Genotypes

Aubouy, A.; Bakary, M.; Keundjian, A.; Mbomat, B.; Makita, J.R.; Migot-Nabias, F.; Cot, M.; LeBras, J.; Deloron, P., 2003:
Combination of Drug Level Measurement and Parasite Genotyping Data for Improved Assessment of Amodiaquine and Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine Efficacies in Treating Plasmodium falciparum Malaria in Gabonese Children

Solas, C.; Lafeuillade, A.; Halfon, P.; Chadapaud, S.; Hittinger, G.; Lacarelle, B., 2003:
Discrepancies between Protease Inhibitor Concentrations and Viral Load in Reservoirs and Sanctuary Sites in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Patients

Stuyver, L.J.; Whitaker, T.; McBrayer, T.R.; Hernandez-Santiago, B.I.; Lostia, S.; Tharnish, P.M.; Ramesh, M.; Chu, C.K.; Jordan, R.; Shi, J.; Rachakonda, S.; Watanabe, K.A.; Otto, M.J.; Schinazi, R.F., 2003:
Ribonucleoside Analogue That Blocks Replication of Bovine Viral Diarrhea and Hepatitis C Viruses in Culture

Kewn, S.; Wang, L.H.; Hoggard, P.G.; Rousseau, F.; Hart, R.; MacNeela, J.P.; Khoo, S.H.; Back, D.J., 2003:
Enzymatic Assay for Measurement of Intracellular Dxg Triphosphate Concentrations in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells from Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1-Infected Patients

Lupetti, A.; Paulusma-Annema, A.; Welling, M.M.; Dogterom-Ballering, H.; Brouwer, C.P.J.M.; Senesi, S.; van Dissel, J.T.; Nibbering, P.H., 2003:
Synergistic Activity of the N-Terminal Peptide of Human Lactoferrin and Fluconazole against Candida Species

Heritier, C.; Poirel, L.; Aubert, D.; Nordmann, P., 2003:
Genetic and Functional Analysis of the Chromosome-Encoded Carbapenem-Hydrolyzing Oxacillinase Oxa-40 of Acinetobacter baumannii

Li, X.-Z.; Poole, K.; Nikaido, H., 2003:
Contributions of MexAb-OprM and an EmrE Homolog to Intrinsic Resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to Aminoglycosides and Dyes

Ince, D.; Zhang, X.; Silver, L.C.; Hooper, D.C., 2003:
Topoisomerase Targeting with and Resistance to Gemifloxacin in Staphylococcus aureus

Waller, R.F.; Ralph, S.A.; Reed, M.B.; Su, V.; Douglas, J.D.; Minnikin, D.E.; Cowman, A.F.; Besra, G.S.; McFadden, G.I., 2003:
A Type Ii Pathway for Fatty Acid Biosynthesis Presents Drug Targets in Plasmodium falciparum

Vidakovic, M.; Crossnoe, C.R.; Neidre, C.; Kim, K.; Krause, K.L.; Germanas, J.P., 2003:
Reactivity of Reduced [2Fe-2S] Ferredoxins Parallels Host Susceptibility to Nitroimidazoles

Gubbels, M.-J.; Li, C.; Striepen, B., 2003:
High-Throughput Growth Assay for Toxoplasma gondii Using Yellow Fluorescent Protein

Abdelhamed, A.M.; Kelley, C.M.; Miller, T.G.; Furman, P.A.; Cable, E.E.; Isom, H.C., 2003:
Comparison of Anti-Hepatitis B Virus Activities of Lamivudine and Clevudine by a Quantitative Assay

Sobel, J.D.; Zervos, M.; Reed, B.D.; Hooton, T.; Soper, D.; Nyirjesy, P.; Heine, M.W.; Willems, J.; Panzer, H., 2003:
Fluconazole Susceptibility of Vaginal Isolates Obtained from Women with Complicated Candida Vaginitis: Clinical Implications

Partridge, S.R.; Hall, R.M., 2003:
In34, a Complex In5 Family Class 1 Integron Containing orf513 and dfrA10

Hsu, A.; Isaacson, J.; Brun, S.; Bernstein, B.; Lam, W.; Bertz, R.; Foit, C.; Rynkiewicz, K.; Richards, B.; King, M.; Rode, R.; Kempf, D.J.; Granneman, G.R.; Sun, E., 2003:
Pharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamic Analysis of Lopinavir-Ritonavir in Combination with Efavirenz and Two Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors in Extensively Pretreated Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Patients

Fattorini, L.; Tan, D.; Iona, E.; Mattei, M.; Giannoni, F.; Brunori, L.; Recchia, S.; Orefici, G., 2003:
Activities of Moxifloxacin Alone and in Combination with Other Antimicrobial Agents against Multidrug-Resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection in Balb/c Mice

Nakano, T.; Hiramatsu, K.; Kishi, K.; Hirata, N.; Kadota, J..; Nasu, M., 2003:
Clindamycin Modulates Inflammatory-Cytokine Induction in Lipopolysaccharide-Stimulated Mouse Peritoneal Macrophages

Davis, T.M.E.; Binh, T.Q.; Ilett, K.F.; Batty, K.T.; Phuong, H.L.; Chiswell, G.M.; Phuong, V.D.B.; Agus, C., 2003:
Penetration of Dihydroartemisinin into Cerebrospinal Fluid after Administration of Intravenous Artesunate in Severe Falciparum Malaria

Legat, F.J.; Maier, A.; Dittrich, P.; Zenahlik, P.; Kern, T.; Nuhsbaumer, S.; Frossard, M.; Salmhofer, W.; Kerl, H.; Muller, M., 2003:
Penetration of Fosfomycin into Inflammatory Lesions in Patients with Cellulitis or Diabetic Foot Syndrome

Scherman, M.S.; Winans, K.A.; Stern, R.J.; Jones, V.; Bertozzi, C.R.; McNeil, M.R., 2003:
Drug Targeting Mycobacterium tuberculosis Cell Wall Synthesis: Development of a Microtiter Plate-Based Screen for Udp-Galactopyranose Mutase and Identification of an Inhibitor from a Uridine-Based Library

Minnick, M.F.; Wilson, Z.R.; Smitherman, L.S.; Samuels, D.S., 2003:
GyrA Mutations in Ciprofloxacin-Resistant Bartonella bacilliformis Strains Obtained In Vitro

Smith, A.M.; Klugman, K.P., 2003:
Site-Specific Mutagenesis Analysis of Pbp 1A from a Penicillin-Cephalosporin-Resistant Pneumococcal Isolate

Waites, K.B.; Crabb, D.M.; Duffy, L.B., 2003:
In Vitro Activities of Abt-773 and Other Antimicrobials against Human Mycoplasmas

Luo, N.; Sahin, O.; Lin, J.; Michel, L.O.; Zhang, Q., 2003:
In Vivo Selection of Campylobacter Isolates with High Levels of Fluoroquinolone Resistance Associated with gyrA Mutations and the Function of the CmeAbc Efflux Pump

Miriagou, V.; Tzelepi, E.; Gianneli, D.; Tzouvelekis, L.S., 2003:
Escherichia coli with a Self-Transferable, Multiresistant Plasmid Coding for Metallo--Lactamase Vim-1

Gunderson, B.W.; Ibrahim, K.H.; Peloquin, C.A.; Hovde, L.B.; Rotschafer, J.C., 2003:
Comparison of Linezolid Activities under Aerobic and Anaerobic Conditions against Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus faecium

Milatovic, D.; Schmitz, F.-J.; Verhoef, J.; Fluit, A.C., 2003:
Activities of the Glycylcycline Tigecycline (Gar-936) against 1,924 Recent European Clinical Bacterial Isolates

Bozdogan, B.; Clark, C.; Bryskier, A.; Jacobs, M.R.; Appelbaum, P.C., 2003:
Activities of Hmr 3787 and Ru 64399 Compared with Those of Four Other Agents against Haemophilus influenzae and Haemophilus parainfluenzae

Braga, P.C.; Bovio, C.; Culici, M.; Dal Sasso, M., 2003:
Flow Cytometric Assessment of Susceptibilities of Streptococcus pyogenes to Erythromycin and Rokitamycin

Maurin, M.; Bakken, J.S.; Dumler, J.S., 2003:
Antibiotic Susceptibilities of Anaplasma (Ehrlichia) phagocytophilum Strains from Various Geographic Areas in the United States

Alcala, L.; Ruiz-Serrano, M.J.; Perez-Fernandez Turegano, C.; Garcia de Viedma, D.; Diaz-Infantes, M.; Marin-Arriaza, M.; Bouza, E., 2003:
In Vitro Activities of Linezolid against Clinical Isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis That Are Susceptible or Resistant to First-Line Antituberculous Drugs

Grohs, P.; Kitzis, M.-D.; Gutmann, L., 2003:
In Vitro Bactericidal Activities of Linezolid in Combination with Vancomycin, Gentamicin, Ciprofloxacin, Fusidic Acid, and Rifampin against Staphylococcus aureus

Soto, S.M.; Lobato, M.J.; Mendoza, M.C., 2003:
Class 1 Integron-Borne Gene Cassettes in Multidrug-Resistant Yersinia enterocolitica Strains of Different Phenotypic and Genetic Types

Wu, J.Z.; Walker, H.; Lau, J.Y.N.; Hong, Z., 2003:
Activation and Deactivation of a Broad-Spectrum Antiviral Drug by a Single Enzyme: Adenosine Deaminase Catalyzes Two Consecutive Deamination Reactions

Griffith, D.C.; Harford, L.; Williams, R.; Lee, V.J.; Dudley, M.N., 2003:
In Vivo Antibacterial Activity of Rwj-54428, a New Cephalosporin with Activity against Gram-Positive Bacteria

Kumano, M.; Fujita, M.; Nakamura, K.; Murata, M.; Ohki, R.; Yamane, K., 2003:
Lincomycin Resistance Mutations in Two Regions Immediately Downstream of the -10 Region of lmr Promoter Cause Overexpression of a Putative Multidrug Efflux Pump in Bacillus subtilis Mutants

Kam, K.M.; Kam, S.S.Y.; Cheung, D.T.L.; Tung, V.W.N.; Au, W.F.; Cheung, M.M., 2003:
Molecular Characterization of Quinolone-Resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae in Hong Kong

Hansen, G.T.; Metzler, K.; Drlica, K.; Blondeau, J.M., 2003:
Mutant Prevention Concentration of Gemifloxacin for Clinical Isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae

Eckle, T.; Jahn, G.; Hamprecht, K., 2003:
High Impact of an Expanded Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism Assay on Detection of Ganciclovir-Resistant Ul97 Mutants of Human Cytomegalovirus

Yamaryo, T.; Oishi, K.; Yoshimine, H.; Tsuchihashi, Y.; Matsushima, K.; Nagatake, T., 2003:
Fourteen-Member Macrolides Promote the Phosphatidylserine Receptor-Dependent Phagocytosis of Apoptotic Neutrophils by Alveolar Macrophages

Sturmer, M.; Staszewski, S.; Doerr, H.-W.; Larder, B.; Bloor, S.; Hertogs, K., 2003:
Correlation of Phenotypic Zidovudine Resistance with Mutational Patterns in the Reverse Transcriptase of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1: Interpretation of Established Mutations and Characterization of New Polymorphisms at Codons 208, 211, and 214

Singh, M.P.; Petersen, P.J.; Weiss, W.J.; Janso, J.E.; Luckman, S.W.; Lenoy, E.B.; Bradford, P.A.; Testa, R.T.; Greenstein, M., 2003:
Mannopeptimycins, New Cyclic Glycopeptide Antibiotics Produced by Streptomyces hygroscopicus Ll-Ac98: Antibacterial and Mechanistic Activities

Fitzgerald, D.H.; Coleman, D.C.; O'Connell, B.C., 2003:
Susceptibility of Candida dubliniensis to Salivary Histatin 3

Kishii, R.; Takei, M.; Fukuda, H.; Hayashi, K.; Hosaka, M., 2003:
Contribution of the 8-Methoxy Group to the Activity of Gatifloxacin against Type Ii Topoisomerases of Streptococcus pneumoniae

Mukherjee, P.K.; Leidich, S.D.; Isham, N.; Leitner, I.; Ryder, N.S.; Ghannoum, M.A., 2003:
Clinical Trichophyton rubrum Strain Exhibiting Primary Resistance to Terbinafine

Lim, P.; Chy, S.; Ariey, F.; Incardona, S.; Chim, P.; Sem, R.; Denis, M.B.; Hewitt, S.; Hoyer, S.; Socheat, D.; Merecreau-Puijalon, O.; Fandeur, T., 2003:
Pfcrt Polymorphism and Chloroquine Resistance in Plasmodium falciparum Strains Isolated in Cambodia

Wang, Y.; Ha, U.; Zeng, L.; Jin, S., 2003:
Regulation of Membrane Permeability by a Two-Component Regulatory System in Pseudomonas aeruginosa

AlSafarjalani, O.N.; Naguib, F.N.M.; el Kouni, M.H., 2003:
Uptake of Nitrobenzylthioinosine and Purine -L-Nucleosides by Intracellular Toxoplasma gondii

Maisetta, G.; Batoni, G.; Esin, S.; Luperini, F.; Pardini, M.; Bottai, D.; Florio, W.; Giuca, M.R.; Gabriele, M.; Campa, M., 2003:
Activity of Human -Defensin 3 Alone or Combined with Other Antimicrobial Agents against Oral Bacteria

Kallipolitis, B.H.; Ingmer, H.; Gahan, C.G.; Hill, C.; Sogaard-Andersen, L., 2003:
CesRk, a Two-Component Signal Transduction System in Listeria monocytogenes, Responds to the Presence of Cell Wall-Acting Antibiotics and Affects -Lactam Resistance

Arpin, C.; Dubois, V.; Coulange, L.; Andre, C.; Fischer, I.; Noury, P.; Grobost, F.; Brochet, J.-P.; Jullin, J.; Dutilh, B.; Larribet, G.; Lagrange, I.; Quentin, C., 2003:
Extended-Spectrum -Lactamase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae in Community and Private Health Care Centers

Paterson, D.L.; Hujer, K.M.; Hujer, A.M.; Yeiser, B.; Bonomo, M.D.; Rice, L.B.; Bonomo, R.A., 2003:
Extended-Spectrum -Lactamases in Klebsiella pneumoniae Bloodstream Isolates from Seven Countries: Dominance and Widespread Prevalence of Shv- and Ctx-M-Type -Lactamases

Hoyen, C.K.; Pultz, N.J.; Paterson, D.L.; Aron, D.C.; Donskey, C.J., 2003:
Effect of Parenteral Antibiotic Administration on Establishment of Intestinal Colonization in Mice by Klebsiella pneumoniae Strains Producing Extended-Spectrum -Lactamases

Tremblay, C.L.; Poulin, D.L.; Hicks, J.L.; Selliah, S.; Chamberland, A.; Giguel, F.; Kollmann, C.S.; Chou, T.C.; Dong, H.; Hirsch, M.S., 2003 :
Favorable Interactions between Enfuvirtide and 1--D-2,6-Diaminopurine Dioxolane In Vitro

Mammeri, H.; Poirel, L.; Nordmann, P., 2003:
In Vivo Selection of a Chromosomally Encoded -Lactamase Variant Conferring Ceftazidime Resistance in Klebsiella oxytoca

Yigit, H.; Queenan, A.M.; Rasheed, J.K.; Biddle, J.W.; Domenech-Sanchez, A.; Alberti, S.; Bush, K.; Tenover, F.C., 2003:
Carbapenem-Resistant Strain of Klebsiella oxytoca Harboring Carbapenem-Hydrolyzing -Lactamase Kpc-2

Bell, J.M.; Turnidge, J.D.; Jones, R.N., 2003:
Prevalence of Extended-Spectrum -Lactamase-Producing Enterobacter cloacae in the Asia-Pacific Region: Results from the Sentry Antimicrobial Surveillance Program, 1998 to 2001

Marchandin, H.; Godreuil, S.; Darbas, H.; Jean-Pierre, H.; Jumas-Bilak, E.; Chanal, C.; Bonnet, R., 2003:
Extended-Spectrum -Lactamase Tem-24 in an Aeromonas Clinical Strain: Acquisition from the Prevalent Enterobacter aerogenes Clone in France

Sinha, S.; Cheshenko, N.; Lehrer, R.I.; Herold, B.C., 2003:
Np-1, a Rabbit -Defensin, Prevents the Entry and Intercellular Spread of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2

Mann, P.A.; Parmegiani, R.M.; Wei, S.-Q.; Mendrick, C.A.; Li, X.; Loebenberg, D.; DiDomenico, B.; Hare, R.S.; Walker, S.S.; McNicholas, P.M., 2003:
Mutations in Aspergillus fumigatus Resulting in Reduced Susceptibility to Posaconazole Appear To Be Restricted to a Single Amino Acid in the Cytochrome P450 14-Demethylase

Murphy, T.A.; Simm, A.M.; Toleman, M.A.; Jones, R.N.; Walsh, T.R., 2003:
Biochemical Characterization of the Acquired Metallo--Lactamase Spm-1 from Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Turner, S.A.; Luck, S.N.; Sakellaris, H.; Rajakumar, K.; Adler, B., 2003:
Molecular Epidemiology of the Srl Pathogenicity Island

Poirel, L.; Heritier, C.; Podglajen, I.; Sougakoff, W.; Gutmann, L.; Nordmann, P., 2003:
Emergence in Klebsiella pneumoniae of a Chromosome-Encoded Shv -Lactamase That Compromises the Efficacy of Imipenem

Wang, H.; Kelkar, S.; Wu, W.; Chen, M.; Quinn, J.P., 2003:
Clinical Isolates of Enterobacteriaceae Producing Extended-Spectrum -Lactamases: Prevalence of Ctx-M-3 at a Hospital in China

Majiduddin, F.K.; Palzkill, T., 2003:
Amino Acid Sequence Requirements at Residues 69 and 238 for the Sme-1 -Lactamase To Confer Resistance to -Lactam Antibiotics

Diaz-Guerra, T.M.; Mellado, E.; Cuenca-Estrella, M.; Rodriguez-Tudela, J.L., 2003:
A Point Mutation in the 14-Sterol Demethylase Gene cyp51A Contributes to Itraconazole Resistance in Aspergillus fumigatus

Armand-Lefevre, L.; Leflon-Guibout, V.; Bredin, J.; Barguellil, F.; Amor, A.; Pages, J.M.; Nicolas-Chanoine, M.-H., 2003:
Imipenem Resistance in Salmonella enterica Serovar Wien Related to Porin Loss and Cmy-4 -Lactamase Production

Rohrer, S.; Berger-Bachi, B., 2003:
FemAbx Peptidyl Transferases: a Link between Branched-Chain Cell Wall Peptide Formation and -Lactam Resistance in Gram-Positive Cocci

Houang, E.T.S.; Chu, Y.-W.; Lo, W.-S.; Chu, K.-Y.; Cheng, A.F.B., 2003:
Epidemiology of Rifampin Adp-Ribosyltransferase (arr-2) and Metallo--Lactamase (blaImp-4) Gene Cassettes in Class 1 Integrons in Acinetobacter Strains Isolated from Blood Cultures in 1997 to 2000

Duarte, A.; Boavida, F.; Grosso, F.; Correia, M.; Lito, L.M.; Cristino, J.M.; Salgado, M.J., 2003:
Outbreak of Ges-1 -Lactamase-Producing Multidrug-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in a University Hospital in Lisbon, Portugal

Docquier, J.-D.; Riccio, M.L.; Mugnaioli, C.; Luzzaro, F.; Endimiani, A.; Toniolo, A.; Amicosante, G.; Rossolini, G.M., 2003:
Imp-12, a New Plasmid-Encoded Metallo--Lactamase from a Pseudomonas putida Clinical Isolate

Mammeri, H.; Poirel, L.; Mangeney, N.; Nordmann, P., 2003:
Chromosomal Integration of a Cephalosporinase Gene from Acinetobacter baumannii into Oligella urethralis as a Source of Acquired Resistance to -Lactams

Nicolau, D.P.; Mattoes, H.M.; Banevicius, M.; Xuan, D.; Nightingale, C.H., 2003:
Pharmacodynamics of a Novel Des-F(6)-Quinolone, Bms-284756, against Streptococcuspneumoniae in the Thigh Infection Model

Ambrose, P.G.; Bhavnani, S.M.; Jones, R.N., 2003:
Pharmacokinetics-Pharmacodynamics of Cefepime and Piperacillin- Tazobactam against Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae Strains Producing Extended-Spectrum -Lactamases: Report from the Arrest Program

Sakoulas, G.; Eliopoulos, G.M.; Alder, J.; Eliopoulos, C.T., 2003:
Efficacy of Daptomycin in Experimental Endocarditis Due to Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcusaureus

Yong, D.; Shin, J.H.; Kim, S.; Lim, Y.; Yum, J.H.; Lee, K.; Chong, Y.; Bauernfeind, A., 2003:
High Prevalence of Per-1 Extended-Spectrum -Lactamase-Producing Acinetobacter spp. in Korea

Chen, H.; Pai, S.B.; Hurwitz, S.J.; Chu, C.K.; Glazkova, Y.; McClure, H.M.; Feitelson, M.; Schinazi, R.F., 2003:
Antiviral Activity and Pharmacokinetics of 1-(2,3-Dideoxy-2-Fluoro--L-Glyceropent-2-Enofuranosyl)Cytosine

Materon, I.C.; Queenan, A.M.; Koehler, T.M.; Bush, K.; Palzkill, T., 2003:
Biochemical Characterization of -Lactamases Bla1 and Bla2 from Bacillus anthracis

Brinas, L.; Moreno, M.A.; Zarazaga, M.; Porrero, C.; Saenz, Y.; Garcia, M.; Dominguez, L.; Torres, C., 2003:
Detection of Cmy-2, Ctx-M-14, and Shv-12 -Lactamases in Escherichia coli Fecal-Sample Isolates from Healthy Chickens

Tribuddharat, C.; Moore, R.A.; Baker, P.; Woods, D.E., 2003:
Burkholderia pseudomallei Class A -Lactamase Mutations That Confer Selective Resistance against Ceftazidime or Clavulanic Acid Inhibition

Siu, L.K.; Lu, P.-L.; Chen, J.-Y.; Lin, F.M.; Chang, S.-C., 2003:
High-Level Expression of AmpC -Lactamase Due to Insertion of Nucleotides between -10 and -35 Promoter Sequences in Escherichia coli Clinical Isolates: Cases Not Responsive to Extended-Spectrum-Cephalosporin Treatment

Hsueh, P.-R.; Teng, L.-J.; Wu, T.-L.; Yang, D.; Huang, W.-K.; Shyr, J.-M.; Chuang, Y.-C.; Wan, J.-H.; Yan, J.-J.; Lu, J.-J.; Wu, J.-J.; Ko, W.-C.; Chang, F.-Y.; Yang, Y.-C.; Lau, Y.-J., 2003:
Telithromycin- and Fluoroquinolone-Resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae in Taiwan with High Prevalence of Resistance to Macrolides and -Lactams: Smart Program 2001 Data

Kwon, D.H.; Dore, M.P.; Kim, J.J.; Kato, M.; Lee, M.; Wu, J.Y.; Graham, D.Y., 2003:
High-Level -Lactam Resistance Associated with Acquired Multidrug Resistance in Helicobacter pylori

Saavedra, M.J.; Peixe, L.; Sousa, J.C.; Henriques, I.; Alves, A.; Correia, A., 2003:
Sfh-I, a Subclass B2 Metallo--Lactamase from a Serratia fonticola Environmental Isolate

Dubois, V.; Arpin, C.; Quentin, C.; Texier-Maugein, J.; Poirel, L.; Nordmann, P., 2003:
Decreased Susceptibility to Cefepime in a Clinical Strain of Escherichia coli Related to Plasmid- and Integron-Encoded Oxa-30 -Lactamase

Moland, E.S.; Black, J.A.; Hossain, A.; Hanson, N.D.; Thomson, K.S.; Pottumarthy, S., 2003:
Discovery of Ctx-M-Like Extended-Spectrum -Lactamases in Escherichia coli Isolates from Five U.S. States

Weldhagen, G.F.; Poirel, L.; Nordmann, P., 2003:
Ambler Class A Extended-Spectrum -Lactamases in Pseudomonas aeruginosa: Novel Developments and Clinical Impact

Galan, J.-C.; Morosini, M.-I.; Baquero, M.-R.; Reig, M.; Baquero, F., 2003:
Haemophilus influenzae blaRob-1 Mutations in Hypermutagenic ampC Escherichia coli Conferring Resistance to Cefotaxime and -Lactamase Inhibitors and Increased Susceptibility to Cefaclor

Morris, D.; O'Hare, C.; Glennon, M.; Maher, M.; Corbett-Feeney, G.; Cormican, M., 2003:
Extended-Spectrum -Lactamases in Ireland, Including a Novel Enzyme, Tem-102

Grutkoski, P.S.; Graeber, C.T.; Lim, Y.P.; Ayala, A.; Simms, H.H., 2003:
-Defensin 1 (Human Neutrophil Protein 1) as an Antichemotactic Agent for Human Polymorphonuclear Leukocytes

Beauchef-Havard, A.; Arlet, G.; Gautier, V.; Labia, R.; Grimont, P.; Philippon, A., 2003:
Molecular and Biochemical Characterization of a Novel Class A -Lactamase (Her-1) from Escherichia hermannii

Hoover, D.M.; Wu, Z.; Tucker, K.; Lu, W.; Lubkowski, J., 2003:
Antimicrobial Characterization of Human -Defensin 3 Derivatives

Toleman, M.A.; Rolston, K.; Jones, R.N.; Walsh, T.R., 2003:
Molecular and Biochemical Characterization of Oxa-45, an Extended-Spectrum Class 2d' -Lactamase in Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Quinteros, M.; Radice, M.; Gardella, N.; Rodriguez, M.M.; Costa, N.; Korbenfeld, D.; Couto, E.; Gutkind, G., 2003:
Extended-Spectrum -Lactamases in Enterobacteriaceae in Buenos Aires, Argentina, Public Hospitals

Granier, S.A.; Leflon-Guibout, V.; Goldstein, F.W.; Nicolas-Chanoine, M.-H., 2003:
New Klebsiella oxytoca -Lactamase Genes blaOxy-3 and blaOxy-4 and a Third Genetic Group of K. oxytoca Based on blaOxy-3

Poirel, L.; Decousser, J.-W.; Nordmann, P., 2003:
Insertion Sequence Isecp1B Is Involved in Expression and Mobilization of a blaCtx-M -Lactamase Gene

Aumeran, C.; Chanal, C.; Labia, R.; Sirot, D.; Sirot, J.; Bonnet, R., 2003:
Effects of Ser130Gly and Asp240Lys Substitutions in Extended-Spectrum -Lactamase Ctx-M-9

Visbal, G.; Alvarez, A.; Moreno, B.; San-Blas, G., 2003:
S-Adenosyl-L-Methionine Inhibitors 24-Sterol Methyltransferase and 24(28)-Sterol Methylreductase as Possible Agents against Paracoccidioides brasiliensis

Kurokawa, H.; Shibata, N.; Doi, Y.; Shibayama, K.; Kamachi, K.; Yagi, T.; Arakawa, Y., 2003:
A New Tem-Derived Extended-Spectrum -Lactamase (Tem-91) with an R164C Substitution at the -Loop Confers Ceftazidime Resistance

Nishino, K.; Yamada, J.; Hirakawa, H.; Hirata, T.; Yamaguchi, A., 2003:
Roles of TolC-Dependent Multidrug Transporters of Escherichia coli in Resistance to -Lactams

Bonnet, R., 2004:
Growing Group of Extended-Spectrum -Lactamases: the Ctx-M Enzymes

Demicheli, C.; Ochoa, R.; da Silva, J.B.B.; Falcao, C.A.B.; Rossi-Bergmann, B.; de Melo, A.L.; Sinisterra, R.D.; Frezard, F., 2004:
Oral Delivery of Meglumine Antimoniate--Cyclodextrin Complex for Treatment of Leishmaniasis

Azoulay, S.; Nevers, M.-C.; Creminon, C.; Heripret, L.; Durant, J.; Dellamonica, P.; Grassi, J.; Guedj, R.; Duval, D., 2004:
Sensitive Enzyme Immunoassay for Measuring Plasma and Intracellular Nevirapine Levels in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Patients

Wunder, D.; Dong, J.; Baev, D.; Edgerton, M., 2004:
Human Salivary Histatin 5 Fungicidal Action Does Not Induce Programmed Cell Death Pathways in Candida albicans

Wood, R.; Arasteh, K.; Stellbrink, H.-J.; Teofilo, E.; Raffi, F.; Pollard, R.B.; Eron, J.; Yeo, J.; Millard, J.; Wire, M.B.; Naderer, O.J., 2004 :
Six-Week Randomized Controlled Trial To Compare the Tolerabilities, Pharmacokinetics, and Antiviral Activities of Gw433908 and Amprenavir in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1-Infected Patients

Hazra, R.; Balis, F.M.; Tullio, A.N.; DeCarlo, E.; Worrell, C.J.; Steinberg, S.M.; Flaherty, J.F.; Yale, K.; Poblenz, M.; Kearney, B.P.; Zhong, L.; Coakley, D.F.; Blanche, S.; Bresson, J.L.; Zuckerman, J.A., 2004:
Single-Dose and Steady-State Pharmacokinetics of Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Children

Maes, L.; Berghe, D.V.; Germonprez, N.; Quirijnen, L.; Cos, P.; DeKimpe, N.; Van Puyvelde, L., 2004:
In Vitro and In Vivo Activities of a Triterpenoid Saponin Extract (Px-6518) from the Plant Maesa balansae against Visceral Leishmania Species

Andes, D.; Marchillo, K.; Conklin, R.; Krishna, G.; Ezzet, F.; Cacciapuoti, A.; Loebenberg, D., 2004:
Pharmacodynamics of a New Triazole, Posaconazole, in a Murine Model of Disseminated Candidiasis

Buriankova, K.; Doucet-Populaire, F.; Dorson, O.; Gondran, A.; Ghnassia, J.-C.; Weiser, J.; Pernodet, J.-L., 2004:
Molecular Basis of Intrinsic Macrolide Resistance in the Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex

Poirel, L.; Heritier, C.; Tolun, V.; Nordmann, P., 2004:
Emergence of Oxacillinase-Mediated Resistance to Imipenem in Klebsiella pneumoniae

DiBonaventura, G.; Spedicato, I.; D'Antonio, D.; Robuffo, I.; Piccolomini, R., 2004:
Biofilm Formation by Stenotrophomonas maltophilia: Modulation by Quinolones, Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole, and Ceftazidime

Moosa, M.-Y.S.; Sobel, J.D.; Elhalis, H.; Du, W.; Akins, R.A., 2004:
Fungicidal Activity of Fluconazole against Candida albicans in a Synthetic Vagina-Simulative Medium

San Gabriel, P.; Zhou, J.; Tabibi, S.; Chen, Y.; Trauzzi, M.; Saiman, L., 2004:
Antimicrobial Susceptibility and Synergy Studies of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia Isolates from Patients with Cystic Fibrosis

Joly, V.; Descamps, D.; Peytavin, G.; Touati, F.; Mentre, F.; Duval, X.; Delarue, S.; Yeni, P.; Brun-Vezinet, F., 2004:
Evolution of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (Hiv-1) Resistance Mutations in Nonnucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (Nnrtis) in Hiv-1-Infected Patients Switched to Antiretroviral Therapy without Nnrtis

Wang, L.H.; Wiznia, A.A.; Rathore, M.H.; Chittick, G.E.; Bakshi, S.S.; Emmanuel, P.J.; Flynn, P.M., 2004:
Pharmacokinetics and Safety of Single Oral Doses of Emtricitabine in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Children

Jensen, S.E.; Paradkar, A.S.; Mosher, R.H.; Anders, C.; Beatty, P.H.; Brumlik, M.J.; Griffin, A.; Barton, B., 2004:
Five Additional Genes Are Involved in Clavulanic Acid Biosynthesis in Streptomyces clavuligerus

Gunderson, S.M.; Hayes, R.A.; Quinn, J.P.; Danziger, L.H., 2004:
In Vitro Pharmacodynamic Activities of Abt-492, a Novel Quinolone, Compared to Those of Levofloxacin against Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis

Weng, S.-F.; Lin, J.-W.; Chen, C.-H.; Chen, Y.-Y.; Tseng, Y.-H.; Tseng, Y.-H., 2004:
Constitutive Expression of a Chromosomal Class A (Bjm Group 2) -Lactamase in Xanthomonas campestris

Sobue, S.; Sekiguchi, K.; Nabeshima, T., 2004:
Intracutaneous Distributions of Fluconazole, Itraconazole, and Griseofulvin in Guinea Pigs and Binding to Human Stratum Corneum

Lee, S.-O.; Kim, N.J.; Choi, S.-H.; Hyong Kim, T.; Chung, J.-W.; Woo, J.-H.; Ryu, J.; Kim, Y.S., 2004:
Risk Factors for Acquisition of Imipenem-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii: a Case-Control Study

Nishikawa, M.; Ogawa, K.'i., 2004:
Antimicrobial Activity of a Chelatable Poly(Arginyl-Histidine) Produced by the Ergot Fungus Verticillium kibiense

Bork, S.; Yokoyama, N.; Ikehara, Y.; Kumar, S.; Sugimoto, C.; Igarashi, I., 2004:
Growth-Inhibitory Effect of Heparin on Babesia Parasites

Ducasse-Cabanot, S.; Cohen-Gonsaud, M.; Marrakchi, H.; Nguyen, M.; Zerbib, D.; Bernadou, J.; Daffe, M.; Labesse, G.; Quemard, A., 2004:
In Vitro Inhibition of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis -Ketoacyl-Acyl Carrier Protein Reductase MabA by Isoniazid

Chen, D.; Hackbarth, C.; Ni, Z.J.; Wu, C.; Wang, W.; Jain, R.; He, Y.; Bracken, K.; Weidmann, B.; Patel, D.V.; Trias, J.; White, R.J.; Yuan, Z., 2004:
Peptide Deformylase Inhibitors as Antibacterial Agents: Identification of Vrc3375, a Proline-3-Alkylsuccinyl Hydroxamate Derivative, by Using an Integrated Combinatorial and Medicinal Chemistry Approach

Pujol, C.; Pfaller, M.A.; Soll, D.R., 2004:
Flucytosine Resistance Is Restricted to a Single Genetic Clade of Candida albicans

Padalko, E.; Nuyens, D.; DePalma, A.; Verbeken, E.; Aerts, J.L.; DeClercq, E.; Carmeliet, P.; Neyts, J., 2004:
The Interferon Inducer Ampligen [Poly(I)-Poly(C12U)] Markedly Protects Mice against Coxsackie B3 Virus-Induced Myocarditis

Tenover, F.C.; Weigel, L.M.; Appelbaum, P.C.; McDougal, L.K.; Chaitram, J.; McAllister, S.; Clark, N.; Killgore, G.; O'Hara, C.M.; Jevitt, L.; Patel, J.B.; Bozdogan, B., 2004:
Vancomycin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Isolate from a Patient in Pennsylvania

Bosso, J.A.; Flume, P.A.; Gray, S.L., 2004:
Linezolid Pharmacokinetics in Adult Patients with Cystic Fibrosis

Hanssen, A.-M.; Kjeldsen, G.; Sollid, J.U.E., 2004:
Local Variants of Staphylococcal Cassette Chromosome mec in Sporadic Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Methicillin-Resistant Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci: Evidence of Horizontal Gene Transfer?

Canu, A.; Abbas, A.; Malbruny, B.; Sichel, F.; Leclercq, R., 2004:
Denaturing High-Performance Liquid Chromatography Detection of Ribosomal Mutations Conferring Macrolide Resistance in Gram-Positive Cocci

Chandrakala, B.; Shandil, R.K.; Mehra, U.; Ravishankar, S.; Kaur, P.; Usha, V.; Joe, B.; deSousa, S.M., 2004:
High-Throughput Screen for Inhibitors of Transglycosylase and/or Transpeptidase Activities of Escherichia coli Penicillin Binding Protein 1b

Walckenaer, E.; Poirel, L.; Leflon-Guibout, V.; Nordmann, P.; Nicolas-Chanoine, M.-H., 2004:
Genetic and Biochemical Characterization of the Chromosomal Class A -Lactamases of Raoultella (formerly Klebsiella) planticola and Raoultella ornithinolytica

Buurman, E.T.; Blodgett, A.E.; Hull, K.G.; Carcanague, D., 2004:
Pyridines and Pyrimidines Mediating Activity against an Efflux-Negative Strain of Candida albicans through Putative Inhibition of Lanosterol Demethylase

Ohyama, T.; Miyakoshi, S.; Isono, F., 2004:
Fks1 Mutations Responsible for Selective Resistance of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to the Novel 1,3--Glucan Synthase Inhibitor Arborcandin C

Betriu, C.; Culebras, E.; Rodriguez-Avial, I.; Gomez, M.; Sanchez, B.A.; Picazo, J.J., 2004:
In Vitro Activities of Tigecycline against Erythromycin-Resistant Streptococcus pyogenes and Streptococcus agalactiae: Mechanisms of Macrolide and Tetracycline Resistance

Donskey, C.J.; Helfand, M.S.; Pultz, N.J.; Rice, L.B., 2004:
Effect of Parenteral Fluoroquinolone Administration on Persistence of Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus faecium in the Mouse Gastrointestinal Tract

Toleman, M.A.; Rolston, K.; Jones, R.N.; Walsh, T.R., 2004:
BlaVim-7, an Evolutionarily Distinct Metallo--Lactamase Gene in a Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolate from the United States

Bartlett, K.; Yau, E.; Hartsel, S.C.; Hamer, A.; Tsai, G.; Bizzotto, D.; Wasan, K.M., 2004:
Effect of Heat-Treated Amphotericin B on Renal and Fungal Cytotoxicity

Van Herrewege, Y.; Michiels, J.; Van Roey, J.; Fransen, K.; Kestens, L.; Balzarini, J.; Lewi, P.; Vanham, G.; Janssen, P., 2004:
In Vitro Evaluation of Nonnucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors Uc-781 and Tmc120-R147681 as Human Immunodeficiency Virus Microbicides

Chan, C.-Y.; Au-Yeang, C.; Yew, W.-W.; Leung, C.-C.; Cheng, A.F.B., 2004:
In Vitro Postantibiotic Effects of Rifapentine, Isoniazid, and Moxifloxacin against Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Hunfeld, K.-P.; Wichelhaus, T.A.; Rodel, R.; Acker, G.; Brade, V.; Kraiczy, P., 2004:
Comparison of In Vitro Activities of Ketolides, Macrolides, and an Azalide against the Spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi

Poirel, L.; Heritier, C.; Nordmann, P., 2004:
Chromosome-Encoded Ambler Class D -Lactamase of Shewanella oneidensis as a Progenitor of Carbapenem-Hydrolyzing Oxacillinase

Yong, D.; Yum, J.H.; Lee, K.; Chong, Y.; Choi, S.H.; Rhee, J.K., 2004:
In Vitro Activities of Da-7867, a Novel Oxazolidinone, against Recent Clinical Isolates of Aerobic and Anaerobic Bacteria

Arreaza, L.; Salcedo, C.; Alcala, B.; Uria, M.J.; Abad, R.; Enriquez, R.; Vazquez, J.A., 2004:
Sequencing of Neisseria meningitidis penA Gene: the Key to Success in Defining Penicillin G Breakpoints

Yu, W.-L.; Cheng, K.-C.; Wu, L.-T.; Pfaller, M.A.; Winokur, P.L.; Jones, R.N., 2004:
Emergence of Two Klebsiella pneumoniae Isolates Harboring Plasmid-Mediated Ctx-M-15 -Lactamase in Taiwan

Alem, M.A.S.; Douglas, L.J., 2004:
Effects of Aspirin and Other Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs on Biofilms and Planktonic Cells of Candida albicans

Roberts, M.E.; Stewart, P.S., 2004:
Modeling Antibiotic Tolerance in Biofilms by Accounting for Nutrient Limitation

Sader, H.S.; Johnson, D.M.; Jones, R.N., 2004:
In Vitro Activities of the Novel Cephalosporin Lb 11058 against Multidrug-Resistant Staphylococci and Streptococci

Safdar, N.; Andes, D.; Craig, W.A., 2004:
In Vivo Pharmacodynamic Activity of Daptomycin

Paveto, C.; Guida, M.C.; Esteva, M.I.; Martino, V.; Coussio, J.; Flawia, M.M.; Torres, H.N., 2004:
Anti-Trypanosoma cruzi Activity of Green Tea (Camellia sinensis) Catechins

Harmoinen, J.; Mentula, S.; Heikkila, M.; van der Rest, M.; Rajala-Schultz, P.J.; Donskey, C.J.; Frias, R.; Koski, P.; Wickstrand, N.; Jousimies-Somer, H.; Westermarck, E.; Lindevall, K., 2004:
Orally Administered Targeted Recombinant Beta-Lactamase Prevents Ampicillin-Induced Selective Pressure on the Gut Microbiota: a Novel Approach to Reducing Antimicrobial Resistance

Azoulay-Dupuis, E.; Mohler, J.; Bedos, J.P., 2004:
Efficacy of Bb-83698, a Novel Peptide Deformylase Inhibitor, in a Mouse Model of Pneumococcal Pneumonia

Entenza, J.M.; Vouillamoz, J.; Glauser, M.P.; Moreillon, P., 2004:
Efficacy of Garenoxacin in Treatment of Experimental Endocarditis Due to Staphylococcus aureus or Viridans Group Streptococci

Giamarellos-Bourboulis, E.J.; Adamis, T.; Laoutaris, G.; Sabracos, L.; Koussoulas, V.; Mouktaroudi, M.; Perrea, D.; Karayannacos, P.E.; Giamarellou, H., 2004:
Immunomodulatory Clarithromycin Treatment of Experimental Sepsis and Acute Pyelonephritis Caused by Multidrug-Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Stone, G.W.; Zhang, Q.; Castillo, R.; Doppalapudi, V.R.; Bueno, A.R.; Lee, J.Y.; Li, Q.; Sergeeva, M.; Khambatta, G.; Georgopapadakou, N.H., 2004:
Mechanism of Action of Nb2001 and Nb2030, Novel Antibacterial Agents Activated by -Lactamases

Colombo, M.-L.; Hanique, S.; Baurin, S.L.; Bauvois, C.; DeVriendt, K.; Van Beeumen, J.J.; Frere, J.-M.; Joris, B., 2004:
The ybxI Gene of Bacillus subtilis 168 Encodes a Class D -Lactamase of Low Activity

Alvarez, M.; Tran, J.H.; Chow, N.; Jacoby, G.A., 2004:
Epidemiology of Conjugative Plasmid-Mediated AmpC -Lactamases in the United States

Xiao, L.; Madison, V.; Chau, A.S.; Loebenberg, D.; Palermo, R.E.; McNicholas, P.M., 2004:
Three-Dimensional Models of Wild-Type and Mutated Forms of Cytochrome P450 14-Sterol Demethylases from Aspergillus fumigatus and Candida albicans Provide Insights into Posaconazole Binding

Pfeiffer, E.S.; Hiasa, H., 2004:
Replacement of ParC 4 Helix with That of GyrA Increases the Stability and Cytotoxicity of Topoisomerase Iv-Quinolone-Dna Ternary Complexes

Yatsuyanagi, J.; Saito, S.; Harata, S.; Suzuki, N.; Ito, Y.; Amano, K..; Enomoto, K., 2004:
Class 1 Integron Containing Metallo--Lactamase Gene blaVim-2 in Pseudomonas aeruginosa Clinical Strains Isolated in Japan

Villegas, M.V.; Correa, A.; Perez, F.; Zuluaga, T.; Radice, M.; Gutkind, G.; Casellas, J.M.; Ayala, J.; Lolans, K.; Quinn, J.P., 2004:
Ctx-M-12 -Lactamase in a Klebsiella pneumoniae Clinical Isolate in Colombia

Luzzaro, F.; Docquier, J.-D.; Colinon, C.; Endimiani, A.; Lombardi, G.; Amicosante, G.; Rossolini, G.M.; Toniolo, A., 2004:
Emergence in Klebsiella pneumoniae and Enterobacter cloacae Clinical Isolates of the Vim-4 Metallo--Lactamase Encoded by a Conjugative Plasmid

Antcheva, N.; Boniotto, M.; Zelezetsky, I.; Pacor, S.; Falzacappa, M.V.V.; Crovella, S.; Tossi, A., 2004:
Effects of Positively Selected Sequence Variations in Human and Macaca fascicularis -Defensins 2 on Antimicrobial Activity

Hall, B.G., 2004 :
In Vitro Evolution Predicts that the Imp-1 Metallo--Lactamase Does Not Have the Potential To Evolve Increased Activity against Imipenem

Navarro, P.G.; Osso, B.Q.; Ortiz, R.G.; Martinez de las Parras, P.J.; Martinez Puentedura, M.I.; Cabeza Gonzalez, M.C., 2004:
Inhibition of -Lactamase Ii of Bacillus cereus by Penamaldic Derivatives of Penicillins

Mammeri, H.; Poirel, L.; Bemer, P.; Drugeon, H.; Nordmann, P., 2004:
Resistance to Cefepime and Cefpirome Due to a 4-Amino-Acid Deletion in the Chromosome-Encoded AmpC -Lactamase of a Serratia marcescens Clinical Isolate

Petersen, P.J.; Wang, T.Z.; Dushin, R.G.; Bradford, P.A., 2004:
Comparative In Vitro Activities of Ac98-6446, a Novel Semisynthetic Glycopeptide Derivative of the Natural Product Mannopeptimycin , and Other Antimicrobial Agents against Gram-Positive Clinical Isolates

Nakano, R.; Okamoto, R.; Nakano, Y.; Kaneko, K.; Okitsu, N.; Hosaka, Y.; Inoue, M., 2004:
Cfe-1, a Novel Plasmid-Encoded AmpC -Lactamase with an ampR Gene Originating from Citrobacter freundii

Bagge, N.; Hentzer, M.; Andersen, J.B.; Ciofu, O.; Givskov, M.; Hoiby, N., 2004:
Dynamics and Spatial Distribution of -Lactamase Expression in Pseudomonas aeruginosa Biofilms

Bagge, N.; Schuster, M.; Hentzer, M.; Ciofu, O.; Givskov, M.; Greenberg, E.P.; Hoiby, N., 2004:
Pseudomonas aeruginosa Biofilms Exposed to Imipenem Exhibit Changes in Global Gene Expression and -Lactamase and Alginate Production

Morikawa, Y.; Kitazato, M.; Mitsuyama, J.; Mizunaga, S.; Minami, S.; Watanabe, Y., 2004:
In Vitro Activities of Piperacillin against -Lactamase-Negative Ampicillin-Resistant Haemophilus influenzae

Eckert, C.; Gautier, V.; Saladin-Allard, M.; Hidri, N.; Verdet, C.; Ould-Hocine, Z.; Barnaud, G.; Delisle, F.; Rossier, A.; Lambert, T.; Philippon, A.; Arlet, G., 2004:
Dissemination of Ctx-M-Type -Lactamases among Clinical Isolates of Enterobacteriaceae in Paris, France

Aubry, A.; Pan, X.-S.; Fisher, L.M.; Jarlier, V.; Cambau, E., 2004:
Mycobacterium tuberculosis Dna Gyrase: Interaction with Quinolones and Correlation with Antimycobacterial Drug Activity

Mushtaq, S.; Ge, Y.; Livermore, D.M., 2004:
Comparative Activities of Doripenem versus Isolates, Mutants, and Transconjugants of Enterobacteriaceae and Acinetobacter spp. with Characterized -Lactamases

Maseda, H.; Sawada, I.; Saito, K.; Uchiyama, H.; Nakae, T.; Nomura, N., 2004:
Enhancement of the mexAb-oprM Efflux Pump Expression by a Quorum-Sensing Autoinducer and Its Cancellation by a Regulator, MexT, of the mexEf-oprN Efflux Pump Operon in Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Sato, Y.; Shibata, H.; Arakaki, N.; Higuti, T., 2004:
6,7-Dihydroxyflavone Dramatically Intensifies the Susceptibility of Methicillin-Resistant or -Sensitive Staphylococcus aureus to -Lactams

Beceiro, A.; Dominguez, L.; Ribera, A.; Vila, J.; Molina, F.; Villanueva, R.; Eiros, J.M.; Bou, G., 2004:
Molecular Characterization of the Gene Encoding a New AmpC -Lactamase in a Clinical Strain of Acinetobacter Genomic Species 3

Poirel, L.; Magalhaes, M.; Lopes, M.; Nordmann, P., 2004:
Molecular Analysis of Metallo--Lactamase Gene blaSpm-1-Surrounding Sequences from Disseminated Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolates in Recife, Brazil

Brockman, A.; Singlam, S.; Phiaphun, L.; Looareesuwan, S.; White, N.J.; Nosten, F., 2004:
Field Evaluation of a Novel Colorimetric Method--Double-Site Enzyme-Linked Lactate Dehydrogenase Immunodetection Assay--To Determine Drug Susceptibilities of Plasmodium falciparum Clinical Isolates from Northwestern Thailand

Ribera, A.; Fernandez-Cuenca, F.; Beceiro, A.; Bou, G.; Martinez-Martinez, L.; Pascual, A.; Cisneros, J.M.; Rodriguez-Bano, J.; Pachon, J.; Vila, J., 2004:
Antimicrobial Susceptibility and Mechanisms of Resistance to Quinolones and -Lactams in Acinetobacter Genospecies 3

Hasegawa, K.; Chiba, N.; Kobayashi, R.; Murayama, S.Y.; Iwata, S.; Sunakawa, K.; Ubukata, K., 2004:
Rapidly Increasing Prevalence of -Lactamase-Nonproducing, Ampicillin-Resistant Haemophilus influenzae Type b in Patients with Meningitis

Kaye, K.S.; Gold, H.S.; Schwaber, M.J.; Venkataraman, L.; Qi, Y.; DeGirolami, P.C.; Samore, M.H.; Anderson, G.; Rasheed, J.K.; Tenover, F.C., 2004:
Variety of -Lactamases Produced by Amoxicillin-Clavulanate-Resistant Escherichia coli Isolated in the Northeastern United States

Desaki, M.; Okazaki, H.; Sunazuka, T.; Omura, S.; Yamamoto, K.; Takizawa, H., 2004:
Molecular Mechanisms of Anti-Inflammatory Action of Erythromycin in Human Bronchial Epithelial Cells: Possible Role in the Signaling Pathway That Regulates Nuclear Factor-B Activation

Higgins, P.G.; Wisplinghoff, H.; Stefanik, D.; Seifert, H., 2004:
In Vitro Activities of the -Lactamase Inhibitors Clavulanic Acid, Sulbactam, and Tazobactam Alone or in Combination with -Lactams against Epidemiologically Characterized Multidrug-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii Strains

Kaczmarek, F.S.; Gootz, T.D.; Dib-Hajj, F.; Shang, W.; Hallowell, S.; Cronan, M., 2004:
Genetic and Molecular Characterization of -Lactamase-Negative Ampicillin-Resistant Haemophilus influenzae with Unusually High Resistance to Ampicillin

Heritier, C.; Poirel, L.; Nordmann, P., 2004:
Genetic and Biochemical Characterization of a Chromosome-Encoded Carbapenem-Hydrolyzing Ambler Class D -Lactamase from Shewanella algae

Pagliero, E.; Chesnel, L.; Hopkins, J.; Croize, J.; Dideberg, O.; Vernet, T.; DiGuilmi, A.M., 2004:
Biochemical Characterization of Streptococcus pneumoniae Penicillin-Binding Protein 2b and Its Implication in -Lactam Resistance

Aoki, S.; Hirakata, Y.; Kondoh, A.; Gotoh, N.; Yanagihara, K.; Miyazaki, Y.; Tomono, K.; Yamada, Y.; Kohno, S.; Kamihira, S., 2004:
Virulence of Metallo--Lactamase-Producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa In Vitro and In Vivo

Bergshoeff, A.S.; Fraaij, P.L.A.; van Rossum, A.M.C.; Verweel, G.; Wynne, L.H.; Winchell, G.A.; Leavitt, R.Y.; Nguyen, B.-Y.T.; de Groot, R.; Burger, D.M., 2004:
Pharmacokinetics of Indinavir Combined with Low-Dose Ritonavir in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1-Infected Children

Billard, W.; Peets, E., 1974:
Sulfhydryl Reactivity: Mechanism of Action of Several Antiviral Compounds--Selenocystine, 4-(2-Propinyloxy)--Nitrostyrene, and Acetylaranotin

Musher, D.M.; Griffith, D.P.; Tyler, M.; Woelfel, A., 1974:
Potentiation of the Antibacterial Effect of Methanamine by Acetohydroxamic Acid

Schwartz, P.M.; Shipman, C.; Carlson, R.H.; Drach, J.C., 1974:
Thermal Inactivation as a Means of Inhibiting the Serum-Associated Deamination of 9--D-Arabinofuranosyladenine in Tissue Culture Media

Yoshikawa, M., 1974:
Screening Method of Agents Against the R Factor by the Use of an Hfr Made by Integrative Suppression with an R Factory

Bodey, G.P.; Horikoshi, N.; Rodriguez, V., 1974:
Human Pharmacology of 6-[D--(3-Guanylureido)-Phenylacetamido]- Penicillanic Acid (Bl-P1654)

Klein, R.J.; Friedman-Kien, A.E.; Brady, E., 1974:
Treatment of Poxvirus Infections in Rabbits with 9--D-Arabinofuranosyladenine

Sharp, P.M.; Saenz, C.A.; Martin, R.R., 1974:
Amikacin (Bb-K8) Treatment of Multiple-Drug-Resistant Proteus Infections

Clewell, D.B.; Franke, A.E., 1974:
Characterization of a Plasmid Determining Resistance to Erythromycin, Lincomycin, and Vernamycin B in a Strain of Streptococcus pyogenes

Horii, S.; Nogami, I.; Mizokami, N.; Arai, Y.; Yoneda, M., 1974:
New Antibiotic Produced by Bacteria, 5--D-Xylofuranosylneamine

Kontomichalou, P.M.; Papachristou, E.G.; Levis, G.M., 1974:
R-Mediated -Lactamases and Episomal Resistance to the -Lactam Drugs in Different Bacterial Hosts

Bryson, Y.; Connor, J.D.; Sweetman, L.; Carey, S.; Stuckey, M.A.; Buchanan, R., 1974:
Determination of Plaque Inhibitory Activity of Adenine Arabinoside (9--D-Arabinofuranosyladenine) for Herpesviruses Using an Adenosine Deaminase Inhibitor

Gadebusch, H.H.; Basch, H.I., 1974:
New Antimicrobial Nitrofuran, trans-5-Amino-3-[2-(5-Nitro-2-Furyl)Vinyl]-2 -1,2,4-Oxadiazole: Antibacterial, Antifungal, and Antiprotozoal Activities In Vitro

McRipley, R.J.; Gadebusch, H.H.; Pansy, F.; Semar, R., 1974:
New Antimicrobial Nitrofuran, trans-5-Amino-3-[2-(5-Nitro-2-Furyl)Vinyl]-2 -1,2,4-Oxadiazole: Antimicrobial Efficacy in Mice, Rats, and Guinea pigs

Suginaka, H.; Ichikawa, A.; Kotani, S., 1974:
Penicillin-Resistant Mechanisms in Pseudomonas aeruginosa: Effects of Penicillin G and Carbenicillin on Transpeptidase and D-Alanine Carboxypeptidase Activities

Nordstrom, K.; Sykes, R.B., 1974:
Induction Kinetics of -Lactamase Biosynthesis in Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Marengo, P.B.; Chenoweth, M.E.; Overturf, G.D.; Wilkins, J., 1974:
Phosphorylation of Kanamycin, Lividomycin A, and Butirosin B by Providencia stuartii

Hale, E.M.; Hinsdili, R.D., 1975:
Biological Activity of Staphylococcin 462: Bacteriocin from Staphylococcus aureus

Chopra, I., 1975:
Mechanism of Plasmid-Mediated Resistance to Cadmium in Staphylococcus aureus

Katz, E.; Margalith, E.; Winer, B., 1975:
Isolation and Characterization of a -Thiochromanone-4-Thiosemicarbazone-Resistant Mutant of Vaccinia Virus

Thornsberry, C.; Gavan, T.L.; Sherris, J.C.; Balows, A.; Matsen, J.M.; Sabath, L.D.; Schoenknecht, F.; Thrupp, L.D.; Washington, J.A., 1975:
Laboratory Evaluation of a Rapid, Automated Susceptibility Testing System: Report of a Collaborative Study

Durr, F.E.; Lindh, H.F.; Forbes, M., 1975:
Efficacy of 1--D-Ribofuranosyl-1,2,4-Triazole-3-carboxamide Against Influenza Virus Infections in Mice

Kern, E.R.; Overall, J.C.; Glasgow, L.A., 1975:
Herpesvirus hominis Infection in Newborn Mice: Comparison of the Therapeutic Efficacy of 1--D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine and 9--D-Arabinofuranosyladenine

Okuda, K., 1975:
Effects of Cytochalasin B on the Intracellular Bactericidal Activity of Human Neutrophils

Gupta, R.S., 1975:
Killing and Lysis of Escherichia coli in the Presence of Chloramphenicol: Relation to Cellular Magnesium

Ho, R.I.; Corman, L.; Morse, S.A.; Schneider, H., 1975:
Structure-Activity of Sulfones and Sulfonamides on Dihydropteroate Synthetase from Neisseria meningitidis

Bene, V.E.D.; Rogers, M., 1975:
Comparison of Tetracycline and Minocycline Transport in Escherichia Coli

Hanka, L.J.; Gerpheide, S.A.; Spieles, P.R.; Martin, D.G.; Belter, P.A.; Coleman, T.A.; Meyer, H.F., 1975:
Improved Methods for Production, Isolation, and Assay of Two New Chloroisoxazoline Amino Acid Antitumor Antimetabolites: U-42,126 and U-43,795

Loebenberg, D.; Counelis, M.; Waitz, J.A., 1975:
Antibiotic G-418, a New Micromonospora-Produced Aminoglycoside with Activity Against Protozoa and Helminths: Antiparasitic Activity

Monti-Bragadin, C.; Ramani, L.; Samer, L.; Mestroni, G.; Zassinovich, G., 1975:
Effects of cis-Dichlorodiammineplatinum (Ii) and Related Transition Metal Complexes on Escherichia coli

Glew, R.H.; Moellering, R.C.; Wennersten, C., 1975:
Comparative Synergistic Activity of Nafcillin, Oxacillin, and Methicillin in Combination with Gentamicin Against Enterococci

Moody, M.R.; Young, V.M., 1975:
In Vitro Susceptibility of Pseudomonas cepacia and Pseudomonas maltophilia to Trimethoprim and Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole

Michel, J.; Bornstein, H.; Luboshitzky, R.; Sacks, T., 1975:
Mechanism of Chloramphenicol-Cephaloridine Synergism on Enterobacteriaceae

Dixon, P.D.; Beven, J.E.; Cundliffe, E., 1975:
Properties of the Ribosomes of Antibiotic Producers: Effects of Thiostrepton and Micrococcin on the Organisms Which Produce Them

Yagi, Y.; Franke, A.E.; Clewell, D.B., 1975:
Plasmid-Determined Resistance to Erythromycin: Comparison of Strains of Streptococcus faecalis and Streptococcus pyogenes with Regard to Plasmid Homology and Resistance Inducibility

Traub, W.H.; Kleber, I., 1975:
In Vitro Additive Effect of Polymyxin B and Rifampin Against Serratia marcescens

Hamilton, T.E.; Lawrence, P.J., 1975:
Accessibility of the [14C]Benzylpenicillin Binding Proteins in Membranes of Sporulating Bacilli

Kool, A.J.; Borstlap, A.J.; Nijkamp, H.J.J., 1975:
Bacteriocinogenic Clo Df13 Minicells of Escherichia coli Synthesize a Protein That Accounts for Immunity to Bacteriocin Clo Df13: Action of the Immunity Protein In Vivo and In Vitro

Wang, C.Y.; Chiu, C.W.; Muraoka, K.; Michie, P.D.; Bryan, G.T., 1975:
Antibacterial Activity of Nitropyrroles, Nitrothiophenes, and Aminothiophenes In Vitro

Hackman, A.S.; Wilkins, T.D., 1975:
Comparison of Cefoxitin and Cephalothin Therapy of a Mixed Bacteroides fragilis and Fusobacterium necrophorum Infection in Mice

Tybring, L., 1975:
Mecillinam (Fl 1060), a 6-Amidinopenicillanic Acid Derivative: In Vitro Evaluation

Tybring, L.; Melchior, N.H., 1975:
Mecillinam (Fl 1060), a 6-Amidinopenicillanic Acid Derivative: Bactericidal Action and Synergy In Vitro

Overturf, G.D.; Ressler, R.L.; Marengo, P.B.; Wilkins, J., 1975:
In Vitro Evaluation of Bl-S640 Cephalosporin Antibiotic

Muth, W.L.; Nash, C.H., 1975:
Biosynthesis of Mycophenolic Acid: Purification and Characterization of S-Adenosyl-L-Methionine:Demethylmycophenolic Acid O-Methyltransferase

Galizzi, A.; Cacco, G.; Siccardi, A.G.; Mazza, G., 1975:
Mode of Action of Polymyxin B: Physiological Studies with a Bacillus subtilis-Resistant Mutant

Sidwell, R.W.; Allen, L.B.; Huffman, J.H.; Revankar, G.R.; Robins, R.K.; Tolman, R.L., 1975:
Viral Keratitis-Inhibitory Effect of 9--D-Arabinofuranosylhypoxanthine 5'-Monophosphate

Allen, L.B.; Thompson, J.M.; Huffman, J.H.; Revankar, G.R.; Tolman, R.L.; Simon, L.N.; Robins, R.K.; Sidwell, R.W., 1975:
Inhibition of Experimental Deoxyribonucleic Acid Virus-Induced Encephalitis by 9--D-Arabinofuranosylhypoxanthine 5'-Monophosphate

Allen, L.B.; Huffman, J.H.; Revankar, G.R.; Tolman, R.L.; Simon, L.N.; Robins, R.K.; Sidwell, R.W., 1975:
Efficacy of 9--D-Arabinofuranosylhypoxanthine 5'-Monophosphate in Therapy of Equine Abortion Virus-Induced Hepatitis in Hamsters

Beppu, T.; Yamamoto, H.; Arima, K., 1975:
Inhibitory Effect of Colicin E2 on Transport Systems of Escherichia coli in the Presence of the rex Gene of Prophage

Adriaens, P.; Meesschaert, B.; Wuyts, W.; Vanderhaeghe, H.; Eyssen, H., 1975:
Presence of -(L--Aminoadipyl)-L-Cysteinyl-D-Valine in Fermentations of Penicillium chrysogenum

Shemonsky, N.K.; Carrizosa, J.; Levison, M.E., 1975:
In Vitro Activity and Pharmacokinetics in Patients of Cefamandole, a New Cephalosporin Antibiotic

Cupp, J.; Wanda, P.; Keith, A.; Snipes, W., 1975:
Inactivation of the Lipid-Containing Bacteriophage Pm2 by Butylated Hydroxytoluene

Petrocheilou, V.; Richmond, M.H., 1976:
Distribution of R Plasmids Among the O-Antigen Types of Escherichia coli Isolated from Various Clinical Sources

Pestka, S.; Vince, R.; LeMahieu, R.; Weiss, F.; Fern, L.; Unowsky, J., 1976:
Induction of Erythromycin Resistance in Staphylococcus aureus by Erythromycin Derivatives

Vince, R.; Weiss, D.; Pestka, S., 1976:
Binding of N-Substituted Erythromycylamines to Ribosomes

Levinson, W.; Helling, R., 1976:
Inactivation of Lambda Phage Infectivity and Lambda Deoxyribonucleic Acid Transfection by N-Methyl-Isatin -Thiosemicarbazone-Copper Complexes

Dellinger, P.; Murphy, T.; Pinn, V.; Barza, M.; Weinstein, L., 1976:
Protective Effect of Cephalothin Against Gentamicin-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Rats

Escamilla, J., 1976:
Susceptibility of Haemophilus influenzae to Ampicillin as Determined by Use of a Modified, One-Minute Beta-Lactamase Test

Kalkani, E.; Marketos, N., 1976:
Comparative In Vitro Evaluation of the Effects of Ticarcillin and Carbenicillin upon Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Soper, T.S.; Manning, J.M., 1976:
Synergy in the Antimicrobial Action of Penicillin and -Chloro-D-Alanine In Vitro

Norrby, R.; Brorsson, J.-E.; Seeberg, S., 1976:
Comparative Study of the In Vitro Antibacterial Activity of Cefoxitin, Cefuroxime, and Cephaloridine

Shimi, I.R.; Shoukry, S.; Zaki, Z., 1976:
4,4'-Isopropylidine-Bis[2-Isopropyl]Phenol, a New Inhibitor for Cell Wall Formation of Bacillus subtilis

Grunberg, E.; Cleeland, R.; Beskid, G.; DeLorenzo, W.F., 1976:
In Vivo Synergy Between 6-Amidinopenicillanic Acid Derivatives and Other Antibiotics

Jones, R.N.; Fuchs, P.C., 1976:
Identification and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of 250 Bacteroides fragilis Subspecies Tested by Broth Microdilution Methods

Badaracco, G.; Cassani, G., 1976:
Ribonucleic Acid Synthesis Dependent on Exogenous Triphosphates in Nystatin-Treated Cells of Kluyveromyces lactis

Actor, P.; Pitkin, D.H.; Lucyszyn, G.; Weisbach, J.A.; Bran, J.L., 1976:
Cefatrizine (Sk&F 60771), a New Oral Cephalosporin: Serum Levels and Urinary Recovery in Humans After Oral or Intramuscular Administration - Comparative Study with Cephalexin and Cefazolin

Parker, T.A.; Willeford, K.O.; Parker, S.; Buddington, K., 2002:
Reducing Mortality in Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium-Infected Mice with a Tripeptidic Serum Fraction

Brigham, C.J.; Speth, D.R.; Rha, C.; Sinskey, A.J., 2017:
Correction for Brigham et al., Whole-Genome Microarray and Gene Deletion Studies Reveal Regulation of the Polyhydroxyalkanoate Production Cycle by the Stringent Response in Ralstonia eutropha H16

May, H.D.; Miller, G.S.; Kjellerup, B.V.; Sowers, K.R., 2008:
Dehalorespiration with Polychlorinated Biphenyls by an Anaerobic Ultramicrobacterium

Bojanovič, K.; D'Arrigo, I.; Long, K.S.; Parales, R.E., 2017:
Global Transcriptional Responses to Osmotic, Oxidative, and Imipenem Stress Conditions in Pseudomonas putida

Reverón, I.; Jiménez, N.; Curiel, J.A.; Peñas, E.; López de Felipe, F.; de las Rivas, B.; Muñoz, R.; Dozois, C.M., 2017:
Differential Gene Expression by Lactobacillus plantarum Wcfs1 in Response to Phenolic Compounds Reveals New Genes Involved in Tannin Degradation

Newell, S.Y.; Blum, L.K.; Crawford, R.E.; Dai, T.; Dionne, M., 2000:
Autumnal Biomass and Potential Productivity of Salt Marsh Fungi from 29 to 43 North Latitude along the United States Atlantic Coast

Saito, K.; Kondo, K.; Kojima, I.; Yokota, A.; Tomita, F., 2000:
Purification and Characterization of 2,6-beta -D-Fructan 6-Levanbiohydrolase from Streptomyces exfoliatus F3-2

Muller, R.H.; Babel, W., 2000:
A Theoretical Study on the Metabolic Requirements Resulting from alpha -Ketoglutarate-Dependent Cleavage of Phenoxyalkanoates

Fernandez, M.; van Doesburg, W.; Rutten, G.A.M.; Marugg, J.D.; Alting, A.C.; van Kranenburg, R.; Kuipers, O.P., 2000:
Molecular and Functional Analyses of the metC Gene of Lactococcus lactis, Encoding Cystathionine beta -Lyase

Stentz, R.; Loizel, C.; Malleret, C.; Zagorec, M., 2000:
Development of Genetic Tools for Lactobacillus sakei: Disruption of the beta -Galactosidase Gene and Use of lacZ as a Reporter Gene To Study Regulation of the Putative Copper Atpase, AtkB

Srivastava, R.; Cha, H.J.; Peterson, M.S.; Bentley, W.E., 2000:
Antisense Downregulation of sigma 32 as a Transient Metabolic Controller in Escherichia coli: Effects on Yield of Active Organophosphorus Hydrolase

Taroncher-Oldenburg, G.; Nishina, K.; Stephanopoulos, G., 2000:
Identification and Analysis of the Polyhydroxyalkanoate-Specific beta -Ketothiolase and Acetoacetyl Coenzyme A Reductase Genes in the Cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. Strain Pcc6803

Aronson, A., 2000:
Incorporation of Protease K into Larval Insect Membrane Vesicles Does Not Result in Disruption of Integrity or Function of the Pore-Forming Bacillus thuringiensis delta -Endotoxin

Dyer, P.S.; Hansen, J.; Delaney, ; Lucas, J.A., 2000:
Genetic Control of Resistance to the Sterol 14alpha -Demethylase Inhibitor Fungicide Prochloraz in the Cereal Eyespot Pathogen Tapesia yallundae

Hunkeler, D.; Aravena, R., 2000:
Evidence of Substantial Carbon Isotope Fractionation among Substrate, Inorganic Carbon, and Biomass during Aerobic Mineralization of 1,2-Dichloroethane by Xanthobacter autotrophicus

Flambard, B.; Juillard, V., 2000:
The Autoproteolysis of Lactococcus lactis Lactocepin Iii Affects Its Specificity towards beta -Casein

Lightwood, D.J.; Ellar, D.J.; Jarrett, P., 2000:
Role of Proteolysis in Determining Potency of Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ac delta -Endotoxin

Monnet, C.; Aymes, F.; Corrieu, G., 2000:
Diacetyl and alpha -Acetolactate Overproduction by Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis Biovar Diacetylactis Mutants That Are Deficient in alpha -Acetolactate Decarboxylase and Have a Low Lactate Dehydrogenase Activity

James, A.L.; Chilvers, K.F.; Perry, J.D.; Armstrong, L.; Gould, F.K., 2000:
Evaluation of p-Naphtholbenzein-beta -D-Galactoside as a Substrate for Bacterial beta -Galactosidase

Sunna, A.; Gibbs, M.D.; Chin, C.W.J.; Nelson, P.J.; Bergquist, P.L., 2000:
A Gene Encoding a Novel Multidomain beta -1,4-Mannanase from Caldibacillus cellulovorans and Action of the Recombinant Enzyme on Kraft Pulp

Yoshikawa, K.; Adachi, K.; Nishijima, M.; Takadera, T.; Tamaki, S.; Harada, K..; Mochida, K.; Sano, H., 2000:
Beta -Cyanoalanine Production by Marine Bacteria on Cyanide-Free Medium and Its Specific Inhibitory Activity toward Cyanobacteria

Bae, Y.-S.; Knudsen, G.R., 2000:
Cotransformation of Trichoderma harzianum with beta -Glucuronidase and Green Fluorescent Protein Genes Provides a Useful Tool for Monitoring Fungal Growth and Activity in Natural Soils

Park, Y.-I.; Bonetti, S.J.; Gander, J.E., 2000:
Influence of Osmotic and Nutritional Stress on Physiology of Penicillium fellutanum in Removal of Phosphocholine and Modification of Phospho-1-O-[N-Peptidyl-(2-Aminoethanol)] Phosphodiesters of Peptidophosphogalactomannan Species

Kashefi, K.; Lovley, D.R., 2000:
Reduction of Fe(Iii), Mn(Iv), and Toxic Metals at 100C by Pyrobaculum islandicum

Wells, J.E.; Hylemon, P.B., 2000:
Identification and Characterization of a Bile Acid 7alpha -Dehydroxylation Operon in Clostridium sp. Strain To-931, a Highly Active 7alpha -Dehydroxylating Strain Isolated from Human Feces

Wache, Y.; Laroche, C.; Bergmark, K.; Moller-Andersen, C.; Aguedo, M.; LeDall, M.-T.; Wang, H.; Nicaud, J.-M.; Belin, J.-M., 2000:
Involvement of Acyl Coenzyme A Oxidase Isozymes in Biotransformation of Methyl Ricinoleate into gamma -Decalactone by Yarrowia lipolytica

Nielsen, K.M.; van Elsas, J.D.; Smalla, K., 2000:
Transformation of Acinetobacter sp. Strain Bd413(pFg4Delta nptIi) with Transgenic Plant Dna in Soil Microcosms and Effects of Kanamycin on Selection of Transformants

Farnleitner, A.H.; Kreuzinger, N.; Kavka, G.G.; Grillenberger, S.; Rath, J.; Mach, R.L., 2000:
Simultaneous Detection and Differentiation of Escherichia coli Populations from Environmental Freshwaters by Means of Sequence Variations in a Fragment of the beta -D-Glucuronidase Gene

Van Laere, K.M.J.; Abee, T.; Schols, H.A.; Beldman, G.; Voragen, A.G.J., 2000:
Characterization of a Novel beta -Galactosidase from Bifidobacterium adolescentis Dsm 20083 Active towards Transgalactooligosaccharides

Sipe, A.R.; Wilbur, A.E.; Cary, S.C., 2000:
Bacterial Symbiont Transmission in the Wood-Boring Shipworm Bankia setacea (Bivalvia: Teredinidae)

Debeche, T.; Cummings, N.; Connerton, I.; Debeire, P.; O'Donohue, M.J., 2000:
Genetic and Biochemical Characterization of a Highly Thermostable alpha -L-Arabinofuranosidase from Thermobacillus xylanilyticus

Araki, T.; Hashikawa, S.; Morishita, T., 2000:
Cloning, Sequencing, and Expression in Escherichia coli of the New Gene Encoding beta -1,3-Xylanase from a Marine Bacterium, Vibrio sp. Strain Xy-214

Santos, A.; Marquina, D.; Leal, J.A.; Peinado, J.M., 2000:
(1right-arrow6)-beta -D-Glucan as Cell Wall Receptor for Pichia membranifaciens Killer Toxin

Schleheck, D.; Dong, W.; Denger, K.; Heinzle, E.; Cook, A.M., 2000:
An alpha -Proteobacterium Converts Linear Alkylbenzenesulfonate Surfactants into Sulfophenylcarboxylates and Linear Alkyldiphenyletherdisulfonate Surfactants into Sulfodiphenylethercarboxylates

van der Geize, R.; Hessels, G.I.; van Gerwen, R.; Vrijbloed, J.W.; van der Meijden, P.; Dijkhuizen, L., 2000:
Targeted Disruption of the kstD Gene Encoding a 3-Ketosteroid Delta 1-Dehydrogenase Isoenzyme of Rhodococcus erythropolis Strain Sq1

Sheridan, P.P.; Brenchley, J.E., 2000:
Characterization of a Salt-Tolerant Family 42 beta -Galactosidase from a Psychrophilic Antarctic Planococcus Isolate

Rodriguez Sanoja, R.; Morlon-Guyot, J.; Jore, J.; Pintado, J.; Juge, N.; Guyot, J.P., 2000:
Comparative Characterization of Complete and Truncated Forms of Lactobacillus amylovorus alpha -Amylase and Role of the C-Terminal Direct Repeats in Raw-Starch Binding

Kansiz, M.; Billman-Jacobe, H.; McNaughton, D., 2000:
Quantitative Determination of the Biodegradable Polymer Poly(beta -hydroxybutyrate) in a Recombinant Escherichia coli Strain by Use of Mid-Infrared Spectroscopy and Multivariative Statistics

Degeest, B.; DeVuyst, L., 2000:
Correlation of Activities of the Enzymes alpha -Phosphoglucomutase, Udp-Galactose 4-Epimerase, and Udp-Glucose Pyrophosphorylase with Exopolysaccharide Biosynthesis by Streptococcus thermophilus Ly03

Boettcher, K.J.; Barber, B.J.; Singer, J.T., 2000:
Additional Evidence that Juvenile Oyster Disease Is Caused by a Member of the Roseobacter Group and Colonization of Nonaffected Animals by Stappia stellulata-Like Strains

Ferreira, A.; O'Byrne, C.P.; Boor, K.J., 2001:
Role of B in Heat, Ethanol, Acid, and Oxidative Stress Resistance and during Carbon Starvation in Listeria monocytogenes

Robinson, P.; Neelon, K.; Schreier, H.J.; Roberts, M.F., 2001:
-Glutamate as a Substrate for Glutamine Synthetase

Levander, F.; Andersson, U.; Radstrom, P., 2001:
Physiological Role of -Phosphoglucomutase in Lactococcus lactis

Tuekam, B.A.; Park, Y.-I.; Unkefer, C.J.; Gander, J.E., 2001:
Relationship of Exo--D-Galactofuranosidase Kinetic Parameters to the Number of Phosphodiesters in Penicillium fellutanum Peptidophosphogalactomannan: Enzyme Purification and Kinetics of Glycopeptide and Galactofuran Chain Hydrolysis

Parke, D.; Garcia, M.A.; Ornston, L.N., 2001:
Cloning and Genetic Characterization of dca Genes Required for -Oxidation of Straight-Chain Dicarboxylic Acids in Acinetobacter sp. Strain Adp1

Arrieta, J.M.; Herndl, G.J., 2001:
Assessing the Diversity of Marine Bacterial -Glucosidases by Capillary Electrophoresis Zymography

Francis, C.A.; Co, E.-M.; Tebo, B.M., 2001:
Enzymatic Manganese(Ii) Oxidation by a Marine -Proteobacterium

Chan, K.F.; LeTran, H.; Kanenaka, R.Y.; Kathariou, S., 2001:
Survival of Clinical and Poultry-Derived Isolates of Campylobacter jejuni at a Low Temperature (4C)

Fridjonsson, O.; Mattes, R., 2001:
Production of Recombinant -Galactosidases in Thermus thermophilus

Hung, M.-N.; Xia, Z.; Hu, N.-T.; Lee, B.H., 2001:
Molecular and Biochemical Analysis of Two -Galactosidases from Bifidobacterium infantis Hl96

Webster, G.; Embley, T.M.; Prosser, J.I., 2002:
Grassland Management Regimens Reduce Small-Scale Heterogeneity and Species Diversity of -Proteobacterial Ammonia Oxidizer Populations

Polderman-Tijmes, J.J.; Jekel, P.A.; de Vries, E.J.; van Merode, A.E.J.; Floris, R.; van der Laan, J.-M.; Sonke, T.; Janssen, D.B., 2002:
Cloning, Sequence Analysis, and Expression in Escherichia coli of the Gene Encoding an -Amino Acid Ester Hydrolase from Acetobacter turbidans

Henn, M.R.; Gleixner, G.; Chapela, I.H., 2002:
Growth-Dependent Stable Carbon Isotope Fractionation by Basidiomycete Fungi: 13C Pattern and Physiological Process

Jeong, K.J.; Lee, S.Y., 2002:
Excretion of Human -Endorphin into Culture Medium by Using Outer Membrane Protein F as a Fusion Partner in Recombinant Escherichia coli

Pedersen, M.B.; Koebmann, B.J.; Jensen, P.R.; Nilsson, D., 2002:
Increasing Acidification of Nonreplicating Lactococcus lactisthyA Mutants by Incorporating Atpase Activity

Ucko, M.; Colorni, A.; Kvitt, H.; Diamant, A.; Zlotkin, A.; Knibb, W.R., 2002:
Strain Variation in Mycobacteriummarinum Fish Isolates

Laamanen, M.J.; Forsstrom, L.; Sivonen, K., 2002:
Diversity of Aphanizomenonflos-aquae (Cyanobacterium) Populations along a Baltic Sea Salinity Gradient

Zimmer, M.; Vukov, N.; Scherer, S.; Loessner, M.J., 2002:
The Murein Hydrolase of the Bacteriophage 3626 Dual Lysis System Is Active against All Tested Clostridium perfringens Strains

Day, R.E.; Rogers, P.J.; Dawes, I.W.; Higgins, V.J., 2002:
Molecular Analysis of Maltotriose Transport and Utilization by Saccharomycescerevisiae

Morita, S.; Namikoshi, A.; Hirata, T.; Oguma, K.; Katayama, H.; Ohgaki, S.; Motoyama, N.; Fujiwara, M., 2002:
Efficacy of Uv Irradiation in Inactivating Cryptosporidiumparvum Oocysts

Silvestroni, A.; Connes, C.; Sesma, F.; de Giori, G.S.; Piard, J.-C., 2002:
Characterization of the melA Locus for -Galactosidase in Lactobacillus plantarum

Rhodes, L.D.; Coady, A.M.; Strom, M.S., 2002:
Expression of Duplicate msa Genes in the Salmonid Pathogen Renibacteriumsalmoninarum

Streger, S.H.; Vainberg, S.; Dong, H.; Hatzinger, P.B., 2002:
Enhancing Transport of Hydrogenophagaflava Env735 for Bioaugmentation of Aquifers Contaminated with Methyl tert-Butyl Ether

Steidle, A.; Allesen-Holm, M.; Riedel, K.; Berg, G.; Givskov, M.; Molin, S.; Eberl, L., 2002:
Identification and Characterization of an N-Acylhomoserine Lactone-Dependent Quorum-Sensing System in Pseudomonas putida Strain IsoF

Kaebernick, M.; Dittmann, E.; Borner, T.; Neilan, B.A., 2002:
Multiple Alternate Transcripts Direct the Biosynthesis of Microcystin, a Cyanobacterial

Drouault, S.; Anba, J.; Corthier, G., 2002:
Streptococcus thermophilus Is Able To Produce a -Galactosidase Active during Its Transit in the Digestive Tract of Germ-Free Mice

Kato, N.; Suyama, S.; Shirokane, M.; Kato, M.; Kobayashi, T.; Tsukagoshi, N., 2002:
Novel -Glucosidase from Aspergillus nidulans with Strong Transglycosylation Activity

Gilliland, A.; Chambers, C.E.; Bone, E.J.; Ellar, D.J., 2002:
Role of Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1 Endotoxin Binding in Determining Potency during Lepidopteran Larval Development

Takao, M.; Akiyama, K.; Sakai, T., 2002:
Purification and Characterization of Thermostable Endo-1,5--L-Arabinase from a Strain of Bacillus thermodenitrificans

Dauner, M.; Sonderegger, M.; Hochuli, M.; Szyperski, T.; Wuthrich, K.; Hohmann, H.-P.; Sauer, U.; Bailey, J.E., 2002:
Intracellular Carbon Fluxes in Riboflavin-Producing Bacillussubtilis during Growth on Two-Carbon Substrate Mixtures

Miyauchi, K.; Lee, H.-S.; Fukuda, M.; Takagi, M.; Nagata, Y., 2002:
Cloning and Characterization of linR, Involved in Regulation of the Downstream Pathway for -Hexachlorocyclohexane Degradation in Sphingomonas paucimobilis Ut26

Shimoi, H.; Sakamoto, K.; Okuda, M.; Atthi, R.; Iwashita, K.; Ito, K., 2002:
The Awa1 Gene Is Required for the Foam-Forming Phenotype and Cell Surface Hydrophobicity of Sake Yeast

Fujii, K.; Kikuchi, S.; Satomi, M.; Ushio-Sata, N.; Morita, N., 2002:
Degradation of 17-Estradiol by a Gram-Negative Bacterium Isolated from Activated Sludge in a Sewage Treatment Plant in Tokyo, Japan

Shiba, T.; Takeda, K.; Yajima, M.; Tadano, M., 2002:
Genes from Pseudomonas sp. Strain Bs Involved in the Conversion of L-2-Amino-2-Thiazolin-4-Carbonic Acid to L-Cysteine

Coleman, N.V.; Mattes, T.E.; Gossett, J.M.; Spain, J.C., 2002:
Biodegradation of cis-Dichloroethene as the Sole Carbon Source by a -Proteobacterium

Nankai, H.; Hashimoto, W.; Murata, K., 2002:
Molecular Identification of Family 38 -Mannosidase of Bacillus sp. Strain Gl1, Responsible for Complete Depolymerization of Xanthan

Bernasconi, E.; Germond, J.-E.; Delley, M.; Fritsche, R.; Corthesy, B., 2002:
Lactobacillus bulgaricus Proteinase Expressed in Lactococcus lactis Is a Powerful Carrier for Cell Wall-Associated and Secreted Bovine -Lactoglobulin Fusion Proteins

Kadouri, D.; Burdman, S.; Jurkevitch, E.; Okon, Y., 2002:
Identification and Isolation of Genes Involved in Poly(-Hydroxybutyrate) Biosynthesis in Azospirillum brasilense and Characterization of a phbC Mutant

Pei, G.; Oliveira, C.M.F.; Yuan, Z.; Nielsen-LeRoux, C.; Silva-Filha, M.H.; Yan, J.; Regis, L., 2002:
A Strain of Bacillus sphaericus Causes Slower Development of Resistance in Culex quinquefasciatus

Pedersen, M.B.; Jensen, P.R.; Janzen, T.; Nilsson, D., 2002:
Bacteriophage Resistance of a thyA Mutant of Lactococcus lactis Blocked in Dna Replication

Chancey, S.T.; Wood, D.W.; Pierson, E.A.; Pierson, L.S., 2002:
Survival of GacS/GacA Mutants of the Biological Control Bacterium Pseudomonas aureofaciens 30-84 in the Wheat Rhizosphere

Itoh, K.; Kanda, R.; Sumita, Y.; Kim, H.; Kamagata, Y.; Suyama, K.; Yamamoto, H.; Hausinger, R.P.; Tiedje, J.M., 2002:
TfdA-Like Genes in 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid-Degrading Bacteria Belonging to the Bradyrhizobium-Agromonas-Nitrobacter-Afipia Cluster in -Proteobacteria

El-Nezami, H.; Polychronaki, N.; Salminen, S.; Mykkanen, H., 2002:
Binding Rather Than Metabolism May Explain the Interaction of Two Food-Grade Lactobacillus Strains with Zearalenone and Its Derivative -Zearalenol

Nishikawa, M.; Ogawa, K.'i., 2002:
Distribution of Microbes Producing Antimicrobial -Poly-L-Lysine Polymers in Soil Microflora Determined by a Novel Method

Graninger, M.; Kneidinger, B.; Bruno, K.; Scheberl, A.; Messner, P., 2002:
Homologs of the Rml Enzymes from Salmonella enterica Are Responsible for dTdp--L-Rhamnose Biosynthesis in the Gram-Positive Thermophile Aneurinibacillus thermoaerophilus Dsm 10155

Wiens, G.D.; Pascho, R.; Winton, J.R., 2002:
A Single Ala139-to-Glu Substitution in the Renibacterium salmoninarum Virulence-Associated Protein p57 Results in Antigenic Variation and Is Associated with Enhanced p57 Binding to Chinook Salmon Leukocytes

Ijichi, N.; Kondo, N.; Matsumoto, R.; Shimada, M.; Ishikawa, H.; Fukatsu, T., 2002:
Internal Spatiotemporal Population Dynamics of Infection with Three Wolbachia Strains in the Adzuki Bean Beetle, Callosobruchus chinensis (Coleoptera: Bruchidae)

Binishofer, B.; Moll, I.; Henrich, B.; Blasi, U., 2002:
Inducible Promoter-Repressor System from the Lactobacillus casei Phage Fsw

Ward, B.B.; O'Mullan, G.D., 2002:
Worldwide Distribution of Nitrosococcus oceani, a Marine Ammonia-Oxidizing -Proteobacterium, Detected by Pcr and Sequencing of 16S rRna and amoA Genes

Jansen, M.L.A.; DeWinde, J.H.; Pronk, J.T., 2002:
Hxt-Carrier-Mediated Glucose Efflux upon Exposure of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to Excess Maltose

Kralj, S.; van Geel-Schutten, G.H.; Rahaoui, H.; Leer, R.J.; Faber, E.J.; van der Maarel, M.J.E.C.; Dijkhuizen, L., 2002:
Molecular Characterization of a Novel Glucosyltransferase from Lactobacillus reuteri Strain 121 Synthesizing a Unique, Highly Branched Glucan with -(1->4) and -(1->6) Glucosidic Bonds

Becker, S.; Fahrbach, M.; Boger, P.; Ernst, A., 2002:
Quantitative Tracing, by Taq Nuclease Assays, of a Synechococcus Ecotype in a Highly Diversified Natural Population

Saloheimo, M.; Kuja-Panula, J.; Ylosmaki, E.; Ward, M.; Penttila, M., 2002:
Enzymatic Properties and Intracellular Localization of the Novel Trichoderma reesei -Glucosidase Bglii (Cel1A)

Pinhassi, J.; Berman, T., 2003:
Differential Growth Response of Colony-Forming - and -Proteobacteria in Dilution Culture and Nutrient Addition Experiments from Lake Kinneret (Israel), the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, and the Gulf of Eilat

Lunde, M.; Blatny, J.M.; Lillehaug, D.; Aastveit, A.H.; Nes, I.F., 2003:
Use of Real-Time Quantitative Pcr for the Analysis of Lc3 Prophage Stability in Lactococci

Craft, D.L.; Madduri, K.M.; Eshoo, M.; Wilson, C.R., 2003:
Identification and Characterization of the Cyp52 Family of Candida tropicalis Atcc 20336, Important for the Conversion of Fatty Acids and Alkanes to ,-Dicarboxylic Acids

Pfluger, K.; Baumann, S.; Gottschalk, G.; Lin, W.; Santos, H.; Muller, V., 2003:
Lysine-2,3-Aminomutase and -Lysine Acetyltransferase Genes of Methanogenic Archaea Are Salt Induced and Are Essential for the Biosynthesis of N-Acetyl--Lysine and Growth at High Salinity

Suzuki, H.; Izuka, S.; Minami, H.; Miyakawa, N.; Ishihara, S.; Kumagai, H., 2003:
Use of Bacterial -Glutamyltranspeptidase for Enzymatic Synthesis of -D-Glutamyl Compounds

Marchesini, S.; Erard, N.; Glumoff, T.; Hiltunen, J.K.; Poirier, Y., 2003:
Modification of the Monomer Composition of Polyhydroxyalkanoate Synthesized in Saccharomyces cerevisiae Expressing Variants of the -Oxidation-Associated Multifunctional Enzyme

Burkert, U.; Warnecke, F.; Babenzien, D.; Zwirnmann, E.; Pernthaler, J., 2003:
Members of a Readily Enriched -Proteobacterial Clade Are Common in Surface Waters of a Humic Lake

Shin, H.-Y.; Park, S.-Y.; Sung, J.H.; Kim, D.-H., 2003:
Purification and Characterization of -L-Arabinopyranosidase and -L-Arabinofuranosidase from Bifidobacterium breve K-110, a Human Intestinal Anaerobic Bacterium Metabolizing Ginsenoside Rb2 and Rc

Petrie, L.; North, N.N.; Dollhopf, S.L.; Balkwill, D.L.; Kostka, J.E., 2003:
Enumeration and Characterization of Iron(Iii)-Reducing Microbial Communities from Acidic Subsurface Sediments Contaminated with Uranium(Vi)

Manzanares, P.; Orejas, M.; Gil, J.V.; de Graaff, L.H.; Visser, J.; Ramon, D., 2003:
Construction of a Genetically Modified Wine Yeast Strain Expressing the Aspergillus aculeatus rhaA Gene, Encoding an -L-Rhamnosidase of Enological Interest

Verma, B.; Robarts, R.D.; Headley, J.V., 2003:
Seasonal Changes in Fungal Production and Biomass on Standing Dead Scirpuslacustris Litter in a Northern Prairie Wetland

Nesse, L.L.; Nordby, K.; Heir, E.; Bergsjoe, B.; Vardund, T.; Nygaard, H.; Holstad, G., 2003:
Molecular Analyses of Salmonellaenterica Isolates from Fish Feed Factories and Fish Feed Ingredients

Chung, K.-R., 2003:
Involvement of Calcium/Calmodulin Signaling in Cercosporin Toxin Biosynthesis by Cercosporanicotianae

Ignatova, Z.; Mahsunah, A.; Georgieva, M.; Kasche, V., 2003:
Improvement of Posttranslational Bottlenecks in the Production of Penicillin Amidase in Recombinant Escherichiacoli Strains

Christensen, J.E.; Broadbent, J.R.; Steele, J.L., 2003:
Hydrolysis of Casein-Derived Peptides S1-Casein(f1-9) and -Casein(f193-209) by Lactobacillus helveticus Peptidase Deletion Mutants Indicates the Presence of a Previously Undetected Endopeptidase

Kim, C..; Lee, S.K.Y.; Price, J.; Jack, R.W.; Turner, G.; Kong, R.Y.C., 2003:
Cloning and Expression Analysis of the pcbAb-pcbC -Lactam Genes in the Marine Fungus Kallichroma tethys

Brzostowicz, P.C.; Reams, A.B.; Clark, T.J.; Neidle, E.L., 2003:
Transcriptional Cross-Regulation of the Catechol and Protocatechuate Branches of the -Ketoadipate Pathway Contributes to Carbon Source-Dependent Expression of the Acinetobacter sp. Strain Adp1 pobA Gene

Pessela, B.C.C.; Vian, A.; Mateo, C.; Fernandez-Lafuente, R.; Garcia, J.L.; Guisan, J.M.; Carrascosa, A.V., 2003:
Overproduction of Thermus sp. Strain T2 -Galactosidase in Escherichia coli and Preparation by Using Tailor-Made Metal Chelate Supports

Fraser, K.R.; Sue, D.; Wiedmann, M.; Boor, K.; O'Byrne, C.P., 2003:
Role of B in Regulating the Compatible Solute Uptake Systems of Listeria monocytogenes: Osmotic Induction of opuC Is B Dependent

Valkonen, M.; Penttila, M.; Saloheimo, M., 2003:
Effects of Inactivation and Constitutive Expression of the Unfolded- Protein Response Pathway on Protein Production in the Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Liu, Z.; Lu, Y.; Zhang, J.; Pardee, K.; Wang, P.G., 2003:
P1 Trisaccharide (Gal1,4Gal1,4GlcNac) Synthesis by Enzyme Glycosylation Reactions Using Recombinant Escherichia coli

Zhou, S.; Shanmugam, K.T.; Ingram, L.O., 2003:
Functional Replacement of the Escherichia coliD-(-)-Lactate Dehydrogenase Gene (ldhA) with the L-(+)-Lactate Dehydrogenase Gene (ldhL) from Pediococcus acidilactici

Kimura, K.; Itoh, Y., 2003:
Characterization of Poly--Glutamate Hydrolase Encoded by a Bacteriophage Genome: Possible Role in Phage Infection of Bacillus subtilis Encapsulated with Poly--Glutamate

Ferreira, A.; Sue, D.; O'Byrne, C.P.; Boor, K.J., 2003:
Role of Listeria monocytogenesB in Survival of Lethal Acidic Conditions and in the Acquired Acid Tolerance Response

Edwards, K.J.; Rogers, D.R.; Wirsen, C.O.; McCollom, T.M., 2003:
Isolation and Characterization of Novel Psychrophilic, Neutrophilic, Fe-Oxidizing, Chemolithoautotrophic - and -Proteobacteria from the Deep Sea

Hosokawa, M.; Hou, C.T.; Weisleder, D., 2003:
Production of Novel Tetrahydroxyfuranyl Fatty Acids from -Linolenic Acid by Clavibacter sp. Strain Ala2

Greenacre, E.J.; Brocklehurst, T.F.; Waspe, C.R.; Wilson, D.R.; Wilson, P.D.G., 2003:
Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium and Listeria monocytogenes Acid Tolerance Response Induced by Organic Acids at 20C: Optimization and Modeling

Mehta, B.J.; Obraztsova, I.N.; Cerda-Olmedo, E., 2003:
Mutants and Intersexual Heterokaryons of Blakeslea trispora for Production of -Carotene and Lycopene

Boucher, I.; Vadeboncoeur, C.; Moineau, S., 2003:
Characterization of Genes Involved in the Metabolism of -Galactosides by Lactococcus raffinolactis

Marchesi, J.R.; Weightman, A.J., 2003:
Comparing the Dehalogenase Gene Pool in Cultivated -Halocarboxylic Acid-Degrading Bacteria with the Environmental Metagene Pool

Brummer, I.H.M.; Felske, A.; Wagner-Dobler, I., 2003:
Diversity and Seasonal Variability of -Proteobacteria in Biofilms of Polluted Rivers: Analysis by Temperature Gradient Gel Electrophoresis and Cloning

Abranches, J.; Chen, Y.-Y.M.; Burne, R.A., 2003:
Characterization of Streptococcus mutans Strains Deficient in Eiiabman of the Sugar Phosphotransferase System

Margolles, A.; de los Reyes-Gavilan, C.G., 2003:
Purification and Functional Characterization of a Novel -L-Arabinofuranosidase from Bifidobacterium longum B667

Shao, J.; Hayashi, T.; Wang, P.G., 2003:
Enhanced Production of -Galactosyl Epitopes by Metabolically Engineered Pichia pastoris

Cochu, A.; Vadeboncoeur, C.; Moineau, S.; Frenette, M., 2003:
Genetic and Biochemical Characterization of the Phosphoenolpyruvate:Glucose/Mannose Phosphotransferase System of Streptococcus thermophilus

Jones, R.M.; Williams, P.A., 2003:
Mutational Analysis of the Critical Bases Involved in Activation of the AreR-Regulated 54-Dependent Promoter in Acinetobacter sp. Strain Adp1

Deutsch, S.-M.; Guezenec, S.; Piot, M.; Foster, S.; Lortal, S., 2004:
Mur-Lh, the Broad-Spectrum Endolysin of Lactobacillus helveticus Temperate Bacteriophage -0303

Magarvey, N.a; Keller, J.M.; Bernan, V.; Dworkin, M.; Sherman, D.H.; Magarvey, N.a; Keller, J.M.; Bernan, V.; Dworkin, M.; Sherman, D.H., 2004:
Isolation and Characterization of Novel Marine-Derived Actinomycete Taxa Rich in Bioactive Metabolites Isolation and Characterization of Novel Marine-Derived Actinomycete Taxa Rich in Bioactive Metabolites

Naranjo, L.; Martin de Valmaseda, E.; Casqueiro, J.; Ullan, R.V.; Lamas-Maceiras, M.; Banuelos, O.; Martin, J.F., 2004:
Inactivation of the lys7 Gene, Encoding Saccharopine Reductase in Penicillium chrysogenum, Leads to Accumulation of the Secondary Metabolite Precursors Piperideine-6-Carboxylic Acid and Pipecolic Acid from -Aminoadipic Acid

Lavire, C.; Blaha, D.; Cournoyer, B., 2004:
Selection of Unusual Actinomycetal Primary 70 Factors by Plant-Colonizing Frankia Strains

Graber, J.R.; Breznak, J.A., 2004:
Physiology and Nutrition of Treponema primitia, an H2/ Co2-Acetogenic Spirochete from Termite Hindguts

Buchan, A.; Neidle, E.L.; Moran, M.A., 2004:
Diverse Organization of Genes of the -Ketoadipate Pathway in Members of the Marine Roseobacter Lineage

Itoh, K.; Tashiro, Y.; Uobe, K.; Kamagata, Y.; Suyama, K.; Yamamoto, H., 2004:
Root Nodule Bradyrhizobium spp. Harbor tfdA and cadA, Homologous with Genes Encoding 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid-Degrading Proteins

Wolfe, A.J.; Millikan, D.S.; Campbell, J.M.; Visick, K.L., 2004 :
Vibrio fischeri 54 Controls Motility, Biofilm Formation, Luminescence, and Colonization

Weller, S.A.; Stead, D.E.; Young, J.P.W., 2004:
Acquisition of an Agrobacterium Ri Plasmid and Pathogenicity by Other -Proteobacteria in Cucumber and Tomato Crops Affected by Root Mat

Jordan, R.A.; Preissler, M.T.; Banas, J.A.; Gosselin, E.J., 2003:
Production of Genetically Engineered Biotinylated Interleukin-2 and Its Application in a Rapid Nonradioactive Assay for T-Cell Activation

Prioult, G.; Fliss, I.; Pecquet, S., 2003:
Effect of Probiotic Bacteria on Induction and Maintenance of Oral Tolerance to -Lactoglobulin in Gnotobiotic Mice

Sweger, D.; Resto-Ruiz, S.; Johnson, D.P.; Schmiederer, M.; Hawke, N.; Anderson, B., 2000:
Conservation of the 17-Kilodalton Antigen Gene within the Genus Bartonella

Reimann, K.A.; Chernoff, M.; Wilkening, C.L.; Nickerson, C.E.; Landay, A.L., 2000:
Preservation of Lymphocyte Immunophenotype and Proliferative Responses in Cryopreserved Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells from Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1-Infected Donors: Implications for Multicenter Clinical Trials

Kumar, P.; Satchidanandam, V., 2000:
Ethyleneglycol-Bis-(beta -Aminoethylether)Tetraacetate as a Blood Anticoagulant: Preservation of Antigen-Presenting Cell Function and Antigen-Specific Proliferative Response of Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells from Stored Blood

Nowak-Wegrzyn, A.; Winkelstein, J.A.; Swift, A.J.; Lederman, H.M., 2000:
Serum Opsonic Activity in Infants with Sickle-Cell Disease Immunized with Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Protein Conjugate Vaccine

van den Brink, G.R.; van den Boogaardt, D.E.M.; van Deventer, S.J.H.; Peppelenbosch, M.P., 2002:
Feed a Cold, Starve a Fever?

Borkow, G.; Bentwich, Z., 2002:
Host Background Immunity and Human Immunodeficiency Virus Protective Vaccines, a Major Consideration for Vaccine Efficacy in Africa and in Developing Countries

Chia, J.-S.; Lien, H.-T.; Hsueh, P.-R.; Chen, P.-M.; Sun, A.; Chen, J.-Y., 2002:
Induction of Cytokines by Glucosyltransferases of Streptococcus mutans

Romero-Gallo, J.; Perez-Perez, G.I.; Novick, R.P.; Kamath, P.; Norbu, T.; Blaser, M.J., 2002:
Responses of Endoscopy Patients in Ladakh, India, to Helicobacter pylori Whole-Cell and CagA Antigens

Sakai, J.; Akkoyunlu, M., 2017:
The Role of Baff System Molecules in Host Response to Pathogens

Russell, C.D.; Unger, S.A.; Walton, M.; Schwarze, J., 2017:
The Human Immune Response to Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection

Schmidt, B.L., 1997:
Pcr in laboratory diagnosis of human Borrelia burgdorferi infections

Muir, P.; Kämmerer, U.; Korn, K.; Mulders, M.N.; Pöyry, T.; Weissbrich, B.; Kandolf, R.; Cleator, G.M.; van Loon, A.M., 1998:
Molecular Typing of Enteroviruses: Current Status and Future Requirements

Numazaki, K., 1998:
Serological Tests for Chlamydia trachomatis Infections

Bunnell, B.A.; Morgan, R.A., 1998:
Gene Therapy for Infectious Diseases

Murdoch, D.A., 1998:
Gram-Positive Anaerobic Cocci

Bascomb, S.; Manafi, M., 1998:
Use of Enzyme Tests in Characterization and Identification of Aerobic and Facultatively Anaerobic Gram-Positive Cocci

Powers, C.N., 1998:
Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases: a Cytopathologists Perspective

Orihel, T.C.; Eberhard, M.L., 1998:
Zoonotic Filariasis

Bourke, B.; Chan, V.L.; Sherman, P., 1998:
Campylobacter upsaliensis : Waiting in the Wings

Paton, J.C.; Paton, A.W., 1998:
Pathogenesis and Diagnosis of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli Infections

Glatman-Freedman, A.; Casadevall, A., 1998:
Serum Therapy for Tuberculosis Revisited: Reappraisal of the Role of Antibody-Mediated Immunity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Nachamkin, I.; Allos, B.M.; Ho, T., 1998:
Campylobacter Species and Guillain-Barr Syndrome

Denkers, E.Y.; Gazzinelli, R.T., 1998:
Regulation and Function of T-Cell-Mediated Immunity during Toxoplasma gondii Infection

Patick, A.K.; Potts, K.E., 1998:
Protease Inhibitors as Antiviral Agents

Kaplan, S.L.; Mason, E.O., 1998:
Management of Infections Due to Antibiotic-Resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae

Hide, G., 1999:
History of Sleeping Sickness in East Africa

LeBouguénec, C., 1999:
Diarrhea-Associated Diffusely Adherent Escherichia coli

Zügel, U.; Kaufmann, S.H.E., 1999:
Role of Heat Shock Proteins in Protection from and Pathogenesis of Infectious Diseases

Gern, J.E.; Busse, W.W., 1999:
Association of Rhinovirus Infections with Asthma

Mostafa, M.H.; Sheweita, S.A.; O’Connor, P.J., 1999:
Relationship between Schistosomiasis and Bladder Cancer

Ladhani, S.; Joannou, C.L.; Lochrie, D.P.; Evans, R.W.; Poston, S.M., 1999:
Clinical, Microbial, and Biochemical Aspects of the Exfoliative Toxins Causing Staphylococcal Scalded-Skin Syndrome

Domachowske, J.B.; Rosenberg, H.F., 1999:
Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection: Immune Response, Immunopathogenesis, and Treatment

Latgé, J.-P., 1999:
Aspergillus fumigatus and Aspergillosis

Mahoney, F.J., 1999:
Update on Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention of Hepatitis B Virus Infection

Doniger, J.; Muralidhar, S.; Rosenthal, L.J., 1999:
Human Cytomegalovirus and Human Herpesvirus 6 Genes That Transform and Transactivate

Weltzin, R.; Monath, T.P., 1999:
Intranasal Antibody Prophylaxis for Protection against Viral Disease

Darwin, K.H.; Miller, V.L., 1999:
Molecular Basis of the Interaction of Salmonella with the Intestinal Mucosa

Guarro, J.; Gené, J.; Stchigel, A.M., 1999:
Developments in Fungal Taxonomy

Clark, D.P., 1999:
New Insights into Human Cryptosporidiosis

Cardenas, M.E.; Cruz, M.C.; Del Poeta, M.; Chung, N.; Perfect, J.R.; Heitman, J., 1999:
Antifungal Activities of Antineoplastic Agents: Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a Model System To Study Drug Action

Arens, M., 1999:
Methods for Subtyping and Molecular Comparison of Human Viral Genomes

Blackall, P.J., 1999:
Infectious Coryza: Overview of the Disease and New Diagnostic Options

Wang, G.; van Dam, A.P.; Schwartz, I.; Dankert, J., 1999:
Molecular Typing of Borrelia burgdorferi Sensu Lato: Taxonomic, Epidemiological, and Clinical Implications

Leyssen, P.; DeClercq, E.; Neyts, J., 2000:
Perspectives for the Treatment of Infections with Flaviviridae

Alvarez-Barrientos, A.; Arroyo, J.; Canton, R.; Nombela, C.; Sanchez-Perez, M., 2000:
Applications of Flow Cytometry to Clinical Microbiology

Que, X.; Reed, S.L., 2000:
Cysteine Proteinases and the Pathogenesis of Amebiasis

Geerts, S.; Gryseels, B., 2000:
Drug Resistance in Human Helminths: Current Situation and Lessons from Livestock

Ribes, J.A.; Vanover-Sams, C.L.; Baker, D.J., 2000:
Zygomycetes in Human Disease

Peltola, H., 2000:
Worldwide Haemophilus influenzae Type b Disease at the Beginning of the 21st Century: Global Analysis of the Disease Burden 25 Years after the Use of the Polysaccharide Vaccine and a Decade after the Advent of Conjugates

Espinosa-Cantellano, M.; Martinez-Palomo, A., 2000:
Pathogenesis of Intestinal Amebiasis: From Molecules to Disease

Soll, D.R., 2000:
The Ins and Outs of Dna Fingerprinting the Infectious Fungi

Falsey, A.R.; Walsh, E.E., 2000:
Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection in Adults

O'Hara, C.M.; Brenner, F.W.; Miller, J.M., 2000:
Classification, Identification, and Clinical Significance of Proteus , Providencia , and Morganella

Caamano, J.; Hunter, C.A., 2002:
Nf-B Family of Transcription Factors: Central Regulators of Innate and Adaptive Immune Functions

Srinivasan, A.; Dick, J.D.; Perl, T.M., 2002:
Vancomycin Resistance in Staphylococci

Blake, M.S.; Wetzler, L.M.; Gotschlich, E.C.; Rice, P.A., 1989:
Protein Iii: structure, function, and genetics

Weiss, J.B., 1995:
Dna probes and Pcr for diagnosis of parasitic infections

Wheat, J., 1995:
Endemic mycoses in Aids: a clinical review

Krueger, K.M.; Barbieri, J.T., 1995:
The family of bacterial Adp-ribosylating exotoxins

Sepkowitz, K.A.; Raffalli, J.; R., L.; K., T.E.; Armstrong, D., 1995:
Tuberculosis in the Aids era

Kuo, C.C.; Jackson, L.A.; Campbell, L.A.; Grayston, J.T., 1995:
Chlamydia pneumoniae (Twar)

Mitchell, T.G.; Perfect, J.R., 1995:
Cryptococcosis in the era of Aids--100 years after the discovery of Cryptococcus neoformans

Jones, C., 1995:
Cervical cancer: is herpes simplex virus type Ii a cofactor?

Seydel, K.B.; Stanley, S.L., 1996:
Scid mice and the study of parasitic disease

Nishimori, A.; Konnai, S.; Okagawa, T.; Maekawa, N.; Goto, S.; Ikebuchi, R.; Nakahara, A.; Chiba, Y.; Ikeda, M.; Murata, S.; Ohashi, K., 2018:
Correction for Nishimori et al., Identification of an Atypical Enzootic Bovine Leukosis in Japan by Using a Novel Classification of Bovine Leukemia Based on Immunophenotypic Analysis

Wang, B.; Henao-Tamayo, M.; Harton, M.; Ordway, D.; Shanley, C.; Basaraba, R.J.; Orme, I.M., 2007:
A Toll-Like Receptor-2-Directed Fusion Protein Vaccine against Tuberculosis

Pallikkuth, S.; Wanchu, A.; Bhatnagar, A.; Sachdeva, R.K.; Sharma, M., 2007:
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Hiv) gag Antigen-Specific T-Helper and Granule-Dependent Cd8 T-Cell Activities in Exposed but Uninfected Heterosexual Partners of Hiv Type 1-Infected Individuals in North India

Rhodes, S.J.; Sarfas, C.; Knight, G.M.; White, A.; Pathan, A.A.; McShane, H.; Evans, T.G.; Fletcher, H.; Sharpe, S.; White, R.G.; Rosenberg, H.F., 2017:
Using Data from Macaques To Predict Gamma Interferon Responses after Mycobacterium bovis Bcg Vaccination in Humans: a Proof-of-Concept Study of Immunostimulation/Immunodynamic Modeling Methods

DiPiazza, A.; Richards, K.; Poulton, N.; Sant, A.J.; Edwards, K.M., 2017:
Avian and Human Seasonal Influenza Hemagglutinin Proteins Elicit Cd4 T Cell Responses That Are Comparable in Epitope Abundance and Diversity

Chakraborty, U.; Mohamed, A.; Kakade, P.; Mugasimangalam, R.C.; Sadhale, P.P.; Sanyal, K., 2013:
A Stable Hybrid Containing Haploid Genomes of Two Obligate Diploid Candida Species

Cooper, K.F.; Strich, R., 2002:
Saccharomycescerevisiae C-Type Cyclin Ume3p/Srb11p Is Required for Efficient Induction and Execution of Meiotic Development

Alspaugh, J.A.; Pukkila-Worley, R.; Harashima, T.; Cavallo, L.M.; Funnell, D.; Cox, G.M.; Perfect, J.R.; Kronstad, J.W.; Heitman, J., 2002:
Adenylyl Cyclase Functions Downstream of the G Protein Gpa1 and Controls Mating and Pathogenicity of Cryptococcus neoformans

Watanabe, K.; Morishita, J.; Umezu, K.; Shirahige, K.; Maki, H., 2002:
Involvement of Rad9 -Dependent Damage Checkpoint Control in Arrest of Cell Cycle, Induction of Cell Death, and Chromosome Instability Caused by Defects in Origin Recognition Complex in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Andersson, J.O.; Roger, A.J., 2002:
Evolutionary Analyses of the Small Subunit of Glutamate Synthase: Gene Order Conservation, Gene Fusions, and Prokaryote-to- Eukaryote Lateral Gene Transfers

Yang, Q.; Poole, S.I.; Borkovich, K.A., 2002:
A G-Protein Subunit Required for Sexual and Vegetative Development and Maintenance of Normal G Protein Levels in Neurospora crassa

Chung, S.; Karos, M.; Chang, Y.C.; Lukszo, J.; Wickes, B.L.; Kwon-Chung, K.J., 2002:
Molecular Analysis of Cpr, a Mat-Specific Pheromone Receptor Gene of Cryptococcus neoformans

Rocha-Ramirez, V.; Omero, C.; Chet, I.; Horwitz, B.A.; Herrera-Estrella, A., 2002:
Trichoderma atroviride G-Protein -Subunit Gene tga1 Is Involved in Mycoparasitic Coiling and Conidiation

Ivey, F.D.; Kays, A.M.; Borkovich, K.A., 2002:
Shared and Independent Roles for a Gi Protein and Adenylyl Cyclase in Regulating Development and Stress Responses in Neurospora crassa

Baladron, V.; Ufano, S.; Duenas, E.; Martin-Cuadrado, A.B.; del Rey, F.; Vazquez de Aldana, C.R., 2002:
Eng1p, an Endo-1,3--Glucanase Localized at the Daughter Side of the Septum, Is Involved in Cell Separation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Porter, S.E.; Washburn, T.M.; Chang, M.; Jaehning, J.A., 2002:
The Yeast Paf1-Rna Polymerase Ii Complex Is Required for Full Expression of a Subset of Cell Cycle-Regulated Genes

Martin, V.; Garcia, B.; Carnero, E.; Duran, A.; Sanchez, Y., 2003:
Bgs3p, a Putative 1,3--Glucan Synthase Subunit, Is Required for Cell Wall Assembly in Schizosaccharomyces pombe

Porter, S.W.; Xu, Q.; West, A.H., 2003:
Ssk1p Response Regulator Binding Surface on Histidine- Containing Phosphotransfer Protein Ypd1p

Folco, H.D.; Freitag, M.; Ramon, A.; Temporini, E.D.; Alvarez, M.E.; Garcia, I.; Scazzocchio, C.; Selker, E.U.; Rosa, A.L., 2003:
Histone H1 Is Required for Proper Regulation of Pyruvate Decarboxylase Gene Expression in Neurosporacrassa

Lockhart, S.R.; Zhao, R.; Daniels, K.J.; Soll, D.R., 2003:
-Pheromone-Induced "Shmooing" and Gene Regulation Require White-Opaque Switching during Candida albicans Mating

Caracuel, Z.; Casanova, C.; Roncero, M.I.G.; DiPietro, A.; Ramos, J., 2003:
PH Response Transcription Factor PacC Controls Salt Stress Tolerance and Expression of the P-Type Na+-Atpase Ena1 in Fusarium oxysporum

Panwar, S.L.; Legrand, M.; Dignard, D.; Whiteway, M.; Magee, P..T., 2003:
Mf1, the Gene Encoding the Mating Pheromone of Candida albicans

Schmitt, E.K.; Bunse, A.; Janus, D.; Hoff, B.; Friedlin, E.; Kurnsteiner, H.; Kuck, U., 2004:
Winged Helix Transcription Factor Cpcr1 Is Involved in Regulation of -Lactam Biosynthesis in the Fungus Acremonium chrysogenum

Chechenova, M.B.; Romanova, N.V.; Deev, A.V.; Packeiser, A.N.; Smirnov, V.N.; Agaphonov, M.O.; Ter-Avanesyan, M.D., 2004:
C-Terminal Truncation of -Cop Affects Functioning of Secretory Organelles and Calcium Homeostasis in Hansenula polymorpha

Alteri, C.J.; Mobley, H.L.T., 2007:
Quantitative Profile of the Uropathogenic Escherichia coli Outer Membrane Proteome during Growth in Human Urine

Fletcher, L.D.; Bernfield, L.; Barniak, V.; Farley, J.E.; Howell, A.; Knauf, M.; Ooi, P.; Smith, R.P.; Weise, P.; Wetherell, M.; Xie, X.; Zagursky, R.; Zhang, Y.; Zlotnick, G.W., 2017:
Correction for Fletcher et al., Vaccine Potential of the Neisseria meningitidis 2086 Lipoprotein

Jandhyala, D.M.; Ahluwalia, A.; Schimmel, J.J.; Rogers, A.B.; Leong, J.M.; Thorpe, C.M., 2017:
Correction for Jandhyala et al., Activation of the Classical Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases Is Part of the Shiga Toxin-Induced Ribotoxic Stress Response and May Contribute to Shiga Toxin-Induced Inflammation

Huynh, J.; Scholz, G.M.; Aw, J.; Reynolds, E.C.; McCormick, B., 2017:
Interferon Regulatory Factor 6 Promotes Keratinocyte Differentiation in Response to Porphyromonas gingivalis

Wang, H.; Naseer, N.; Chen, Y.; Zhu, A.Y.; Kuai, X.; Galagedera, N.; Liu, Z.; Zhu, J.; Freitag, N.E., 2017:
OxyR2 Modulates OxyR1 Activity and Vibrio cholerae Oxidative Stress Response

Skovbjerg, S.; Nordén, R.; Martner, A.; Samuelsson, E.; Hynsjö, L.; Wold, A.E.; Freitag, N.E., 2017:
Intact Pneumococci Trigger Transcription of Interferon-Related Genes in Human Monocytes, while Fragmented, Autolyzed Bacteria Subvert This Response

Liang, X.; Yu, C.; Sun, J.; Liu, H.; Landwehr, C.; Holmes, D.; Ji, Y., 2006:
Inactivation of a Two-Component Signal Transduction System, SaeRs, Eliminates Adherence and Attenuates Virulence of Staphylococcus aureus

Fittipaldi, N.; Sekizaki, T.; Takamatsu, D.; Harel, J.; Dominguez-Punaro, M.d.l.C.; Von Aulock, S.; Draing, C.; Marois, C.; Kobisch, M.; Gottschalk, M., 2008:
D-Alanylation of Lipoteichoic Acid Contributes to the Virulence of Streptococcus suis

Islam, A.F.M.W.; Moss, N.D.; Dai, Y.; Smith, M.S.R.; Collins, A.M.; Jackson, G.D.F., 2000:
Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Biliary Factors Enhance Invasion of Salmonella enteritidis in a Rat Model

Oshima, C.; Okazaki, K.; Matsushima, Y.; Sawada, M.; Chiba, T.; Takahashi, K.; Hiai, H.; Katakai, T.; Kasakura, S.; Masuda, T., 2000:
Induction of Follicular Gastritis following Postthymectomy Autoimmune Gastritis in Helicobacter pylori-Infected Balb/c Mice

Kotarsky, H.; Thern, A.; Lindahl, G.; Sjobring, U., 2000:
Strain-Specific Restriction of the Antiphagocytic Property of Group A Streptococcal M Proteins

Diamond, G.; Kaiser, V.; Rhodes, J.; Russell, J.P.; Bevins, C.L., 2000:
Transcriptional Regulation of beta -Defensin Gene Expression in Tracheal Epithelial Cells

Aubert, V.; Schneeberger, D.; Sauty, A.; Winter, J.; Sperisen, P.; Aubert, J.-D.; Spertini, F., 2000:
Induction of Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha and Interleukin-8 Gene Expression in Bronchial Epithelial Cells by Toxic Shock Syndrome Toxin 1

Hamrick, T.S.; Havell, E.A.; Horton, J.R.; Orndorff, P.E., 2000:
Host and Bacterial Factors Involved in the Innate Ability of Mouse Macrophages To Eliminate Internalized Unopsonized Escherichia coli

McBride, J.W.; Yu, X..; Walker, D.H., 2000:
Glycosylation of Homologous Immunodominant Proteins of Ehrlichia chaffeensis and Ehrlichia canis

Berry, A.M.; Paton, J.C., 2000:
Additive Attenuation of Virulence of Streptococcus pneumoniae by Mutation of the Genes Encoding Pneumolysin and Other Putative Pneumococcal Virulence Proteins

Joshi, S.K.; Bharadwaj, A.; Chatterjee, S.; Chauhan, V.S., 2000:
Analysis of Immune Responses against T- and B-Cell Epitopes from Plasmodium falciparum Liver-Stage Antigen 1 in Rodent Malaria Models and Malaria-Exposed Human Subjects in India

Dellacasagrande, J.; Ghigo, E.; Capo, C.; Raoult, D.; Mege, J.-L., 2000:
Coxiella burnetii Survives in Monocytes from Patients with Q Fever Endocarditis: Involvement of Tumor Necrosis Factor

Paananen, A.; Mikkola, R.; Sareneva, T.; Matikainen, S.; Andersson, M.; Julkunen, I.; Salkinoja-Salonen, M.S.; Timonen, T., 2000:
Inhibition of Human Nk Cell Function by Valinomycin, a Toxin from Streptomyces griseus in Indoor Air

Singer, S.M.; Nash, T.E., 2000:
T-Cell-Dependent Control of Acute Giardia lamblia Infections in Mice

May, A.K.; Gleason, T.G.; Sawyer, R.G.; Pruett, T.L., 2000:
Contribution of Escherichia coli Alpha-Hemolysin to Bacterial Virulence and to Intraperitoneal Alterations in Peritonitis

Young, V.B.; Knox, K.A.; Schauer, D.B., 2000:
Cytolethal Distending Toxin Sequence and Activity in the Enterohepatic Pathogen Helicobacter hepaticus

Appelberg, R.; Leal, I.S.; Pais, T.F.; Pedrosa, J.; Florido, M., 2000:
Differences in Resistance of C57Bl/6 and C57Bl/10 Mice to Infection by Mycobacterium avium Are Independent of Gamma Interferon

Su, H.; Messer, R.; Whitmire, W.; Hughes, S.; Caldwell, H.D., 2000:
Subclinical Chlamydial Infection of the Female Mouse Genital Tract Generates a Potent Protective Immune Response: Implications for Development of Live Attenuated Chlamydial Vaccine Strains

Hoft, D.F.; Schnapp, A.R.; Eickhoff, C.S.; Roodman, S.T., 2000:
Involvement of Cd4+ Th1 Cells in Systemic Immunity Protective against Primary and Secondary Challenges with Trypanosoma cruzi

Pickett, T.E.; Pasetti, M.F.; Galen, J.E.; Sztein, M.B.; Levine, M.M., 2000:
In Vivo Characterization of the Murine Intranasal Model for Assessing the Immunogenicity of Attenuated Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhi Strains as Live Mucosal Vaccines and as Live Vectors

Skjot, R.L.V.; Oettinger, T.; Rosenkrands, I.; Ravn, P.; Brock, I.; Jacobsen, S.; Andersen, P., 2000:
Comparative Evaluation of Low-Molecular-Mass Proteins from Mycobacterium tuberculosis Identifies Members of the Esat-6 Family as Immunodominant T-Cell Antigens

Ryan, E.T.; Crean, T.I.; Kochi, S.K.; John, M.; Luciano, A.A.; Killeen, K.P.; Klose, K.E.; Calderwood, S.B., 2000 :
Development of a Delta glnA Balanced Lethal Plasmid System for Expression of Heterologous Antigens by Attenuated Vaccine Vector Strains of Vibrio cholerae

Aidoo, M.; Lalvani, A.; Gilbert, S.C.; Hu, J.T.; Daubersies, P.; Hurt, N.; Whittle, H.C.; Druihle, P.; Hill, A.V.S., 2000:
Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte Epitopes for Hla-B53 and Other Hla Types in the Malaria Vaccine Candidate Liver-Stage Antigen 3

Lakey, D.L.; Voladri, R.K.R.; Edwards, K.M.; Hager, C.; Samten, B.; Wallis, R.S.; Barnes, P.F.; Kernodle, D.S., 2000:
Enhanced Production of Recombinant Mycobacterium tuberculosis Antigens in Escherichia coli by Replacement of Low-Usage Codons

Garcia-Ojeda, P.A.; Monser, M.E.; Rubinstein, L.J.; Jennings, H.J.; Stein, K.E., 2000:
Murine Immune Response to Neisseria meningitidis Group C Capsular Polysaccharide: Analysis of Monoclonal Antibodies Generated in Response to a Thymus-Independent Antigen and a Thymus-Dependent Toxoid Conjugate Vaccine

Eze, M.O.; Yuan, L.; Crawford, R.M.; Paranavitana, C.M.; Hadfield, T.L.; Bhattacharjee, A.K.; Warren, R.L.; Hoover, D.L., 2000:
Effects of Opsonization and Gamma Interferon on Growth of Brucella melitensis 16M in Mouse Peritoneal Macrophages In Vitro

Adams, S.; Turner, G.D.H.; Nash, G.B.; Micklem, K.; Newbold, C.I.; Craig, A.G., 2000:
Differential Binding of Clonal Variants of Plasmodium falciparum to Allelic Forms of Intracellular Adhesion Molecule 1 Determined by Flow Adhesion Assay

Tuo, W.; Palmer, G.H.; McGuire, T.C.; Zhu, D.; Brown, W.C., 2000:
Interleukin-12 as an Adjuvant Promotes Immunoglobulin G and Type 1 Cytokine Recall Responses to Major Surface Protein 2 of the Ehrlichial Pathogen Anaplasma marginale

Martin, M.; Metzger, D.J.; Michalek, S.M.; Connell, T.D.; Russell, M.W., 2000:
Comparative Analysis of the Mucosal Adjuvanticity of the Type Ii Heat-Labile Enterotoxins Lt-Iia and Lt-Iib

Murray, H.W.; Delph-Etienne, S., 2000:
Roles of Endogenous Gamma Interferon and Macrophage Microbicidal Mechanisms in Host Response to Chemotherapy in Experimental Visceral Leishmaniasis

Vasi, J.; Frykberg, L.; Carlsson, L.E.; Lindberg, M.; Guss, B., 2000:
M-Like Proteins of Streptococcus dysgalactiae

Battistoni, A.; Pacello, F.; Folcarelli, S.; Ajello, M.; Donnarumma, G.; Greco, R.; Grazia Ammendolia, M.; Touati, D.; Rotilio, G.; Valenti, P., 2000:
Increased Expression of Periplasmic Cu,Zn Superoxide Dismutase Enhances Survival of Escherichia coli Invasive Strains within Nonphagocytic Cells

LaVerda, D.; Albanese, L.N.; Ruther, P.E.; Morrison, S.G.; Morrison, R.P.; Ault, K.A.; Byrne, G.I., 2000:
Seroreactivity to Chlamydia trachomatis Hsp10 Correlates with Severity of Human Genital Tract Disease

Wu, Y.; McQuiston, J.H.; Cox, A.; Pack, T.D.; Inzana, T.J., 2000:
Molecular Cloning and Mutagenesis of a Dna Locus Involved in Lipooligosaccharide Biosynthesis in Haemophilus somnus

Kruger, S.; Brandt, E.; Klinger, M.; Kruger, S.; Kreft, B., 2000:
Interleukin-8 Secretion of Cortical Tubular Epithelial Cells Is Directed to the Basolateral Environment and Is Not Enhanced by Apical Exposure to Escherichia coli

Glatman-Freedman, A.; Mednick, A.J.; Lendvai, N.; Casadevall, A., 2000:
Clearance and Organ Distribution of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Lipoarabinomannan (Lam) in the Presence and Absence of Lam-Binding Immunoglobulin M

Gross, A.; Terraza, A.; Ouahrani-Bettache, S.; Liautard, J.-P.; Dornand, J., 2000:
In Vitro Brucella suis Infection Prevents the Programmed Cell Death of Human Monocytic Cells

Cano, L.E.; Singer-Vermes, L.M.; Costa, T.A.; Mengel, J.O.; Xidieh, C.F.; Arruda, C.; Andre, D.C.; Vaz, C.A.C.; Burger, E.; Calich, V.L.G., 2000:
Depletion of Cd8+ T Cells In Vivo Impairs Host Defense of Mice Resistant and Susceptible to Pulmonary Paracoccidioidomycosis

Suchland, R.J.; Rockey, D.D.; Bannantine, J.P.; Stamm, W.E., 2000:
Isolates of Chlamydia trachomatis That Occupy Nonfusogenic Inclusions Lack IncA, a Protein Localized to the Inclusion Membrane

Harb, O.S.; Abu Kwaik, Y., 2000:
Characterization of a Macrophage-Specific Infectivity Locus (milA) of Legionella pneumophila

Webb, D.C.; Cripps, A.W., 2000:
A P5 Peptide That Is Homologous to Peptide 10 of OprF from Pseudomonas aeruginosa Enhances Clearance of Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae from Acutely Infected Rat Lung in the Absence of Detectable Peptide-Specific Antibody

Vercammen, M.; Scorza, T.; Huygen, K.; DeBraekeleer, J.; Diet, R.; Jacobs, D.; Saman, E.; Verschueren, H., 2000:
Dna Vaccination with Genes Encoding Toxoplasma gondii Antigens Gra1, Gra7, and Rop2 Induces Partially Protective Immunity against Lethal Challenge in Mice

Cantarelli, V.V.; Takahashi, A.; Akeda, Y.; Nagayama, K.; Honda, T., 2000:
Interaction of Enteropathogenic or Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli with HeLa Cells Results in Translocation of Cortactin to the Bacterial Adherence Site

Miller, B.H.; Shinnick, T.M., 2000:
Evaluation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Genes Involved in Resistance to Killing by Human Macrophages

Rogerson, S.J.; Beeson, J.G.; Mhango, C.G.; Dzinjalamala, F.K.; Molyneux, M.E., 2000:
Plasmodium falciparum Rosette Formation Is Uncommon in Isolates from Pregnant Women

Chiwakata, C.B.; Hemmer, C.J.; Dietrich, M., 2000:
High Levels of Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase mRna Are Associated with Increased Monocyte Counts in Blood and Have a Beneficial Role in Plasmodium falciparum Malaria

Seydel, K.B.; Smith, S.J.; Stanley, S.L., 2000:
Innate Immunity to Amebic Liver Abscess Is Dependent on Gamma Interferon and Nitric Oxide in a Murine Model of Disease

Cowell, B.A.; Chen, D.Y.; Frank, D.W.; Vallis, A.J.; Fleiszig, S.M.J., 2000:
ExoT of Cytotoxic Pseudomonas aeruginosa Prevents Uptake by Corneal Epithelial Cells

Nagineni, C.N.; Detrick, B.; Hooks, J.J., 2000:
Toxoplasma gondii Infection Induces Gene Expression and Secretion of Interleukin 1 (Il-1), Il-6, Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor, and Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1 by Human Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cells

Gilmore, R.D.; Piesman, J., 2000:
Inhibition of Borrelia burgdorferi Migration from the Midgut to the Salivary Glands following Feeding by Ticks on OspC-Immunized Mice

Tang, Y.P.; Malamy, M.H., 2000:
Isolation of Bacteroides fragilis Mutants with In Vivo Growth Defects by Using Tn4400', a Modified Tn4400 Transposition System, and a New Screening Method

Chen, T.; Dong, H.; Tang, Y.P.; Dallas, M.M.; Malamy, M.H.; Duncan, M.J., 2000:
Identification and Cloning of Genes from Porphyromonas gingivalis after Mutagenesis with a Modified Tn4400 Transposon from Bacteroides fragilis

Mastroeni, P.; Simmons, C.; Fowler, R.; Hormaeche, C.E.; Dougan, G., 2000:
Igh-6-/- (B-Cell-Deficient) Mice Fail To Mount Solid Acquired Resistance to Oral Challenge with Virulent Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium and Show Impaired Th1 T-Cell Responses to Salmonella Antigens

Kuhnert, P.; Heyberger-Meyer, B.; Nicolet, J.; Frey, J., 2000:
Characterization of PaxA and Its Operon: a Cohemolytic Rtx Toxin Determinant from Pathogenic Pasteurella aerogenes

Jeyaseelan, S.; Hsuan, S.L.; Kannan, M.S.; Walcheck, B.; Wang, J.F.; Kehrli, M.E.; Lally, E.T.; Sieck, G.C.; Maheswaran, S.K., 2000:
Lymphocyte Function-Associated Antigen 1 Is a Receptor for Pasteurella haemolytica Leukotoxin in Bovine Leukocytes

Chen, D.-Q.; Kolli, B.K.; Yadava, N.; Lu, H.G.; Gilman-Sachs, A.; Peterson, D.A.; Chang, K.-P., 2000:
Episomal Expression of Specific Sense and Antisense mRnas in Leishmania amazonensis: Modulation of gp63 Level in Promastigotes and Their Infection of Macrophages In Vitro

Laine, V.J.O.; Grass, D.S.; Nevalainen, T.J., 2000:
Resistance of Transgenic Mice Expressing Human Group Ii Phospholipase A2 to Escherichia coli Infection

Gopinath, R.; Hanna, L.E.; Kumaraswami, V.; Perumal, V.; Kavitha, V.; Vijayasekaran, V.; Nutman, T.B., 2000:
Perturbations in Eosinophil Homeostasis following Treatment of Lymphatic Filariasis

Leite, F.; Brown, J.F.; Sylte, M.J.; Briggs, R.E.; Czuprynski, C.J., 2000:
Recombinant Bovine Interleukin-1beta Amplifies the Effects of Partially Purified Pasteurella haemolytica Leukotoxin on Bovine Neutrophils in a beta 2-Integrin-Dependent Manner

Hawkins, R.A.; Rank, R.G.; Kelly, K.A., 2000:
Expression of Mucosal Homing Receptor alpha 4beta 7 Is Associated with Enhanced Migration to the Chlamydia-Infected Murine Genital Mucosa In Vivo

Roche, J.K.; Martins, C.A.P.; Cosme, R.; Fayer, R.; Guerrant, R.L., 2000:
Transforming Growth Factor beta 1 Ameliorates Intestinal Epithelial Barrier Disruption by Cryptosporidium parvum In Vitro in the Absence of Mucosal T Lymphocytes

Dellacasagrande, J.; Ghigo, E.; Machergui-El, S.; Hammami, ; Toman, R.; Raoult, D.; Capo, C.; Mege, J.-L., 2000:
Alpha vbeta 3 Integrin and Bacterial Lipopolysaccharide Are Involved in Coxiella burnetii-Stimulated Production of Tumor Necrosis Factor by Human Monocytes

Hviid, L.; Kemp, K.; , K., K.; Kern, P.; Wellinghausen, W.; , N., N.; Matsumoto, J.; Kawai, S.; Terao, K., 2000:
What Is the Cause of Lymphopenia in Malaria?

Kannan, T.R.; Baseman, J.B., 2000 :
Hemolytic and Hemoxidative Activities in Mycoplasma penetrans

Pantoja, L.G.; Miller, R.D.; Ramirez, J.A.; Molestina, R.E.; Summersgill, J.T., 2000:
Inhibition of Chlamydia pneumoniae Replication in Human Aortic Smooth Muscle Cells by Gamma Interferon-Induced Indoleamine 2,3-Dioxygenase Activity

Minor, S.Y.; Banerjee, A.; Gotschlich, E.C., 2000:
Effect of alpha -Oligosaccharide Phenotype of Neisseria gonorrhoeae Strain Ms11 on Invasion of Chang Conjunctival, Hec-1-B Endometrial, and Me-180 Cervical Cells

Merrell, D.S.; Tischler, A.D.; Lee, S.H.; Camilli, A., 2000:
Vibrio cholerae Requires rpoS for Efficient Intestinal Colonization

Flo, T.H.; Ryan, L.; Kilaas, L.; Skjak-Brak, G.; Ingalls, R.R.; Sundan, A.; Golenbock, D.T.; Espevik, T., 2000:
Involvement of Cd14 and beta 2-Integrins in Activating Cells with Soluble and Particulate Lipopolysaccharides and Mannuronic Acid Polymers

Li, Y.-H.; Yan, Z.-Q.; Jensen, J.S.; Tullus, K.; Brauner, A., 2000:
Activation of Nuclear Factor kappa B and Induction of Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase by Ureaplasma urealyticum in Macrophages

Morre, S.A.; Lyons, J.M.; Ito, J.I.; Morrison, R.P., 2000:
Murine Models of Chlamydia trachomatis Genital Tract Infection: Use of Mouse Pneumonitis Strain versus Human Strains

Parenti, D.L.; Schell, R.F.; Callister, S.M.; Lovrich, S.D., 2000:
Outer Surface Protein A and Arthritis in Hamsters

Liu, L.; Dybvig, K.; Panangala, V.S.; van Santen, V.L.; French, C.T., 2000:
Gaa Trinucleotide Repeat Region Regulates M9/pMga Gene Expression in Mycoplasma gallisepticum

Hopper, S.; Vasquez, B.; Merz, A.; Clary, S.; Wilbur, J.S.; So, M. , 2000:
Effects of the Immunoglobulin A1 Protease on Neisseria gonorrhoeae Trafficking across Polarized T84 Epithelial Monolayers

Jouault, T.; Fradin, C.; Trinel, P.-A.; Poulain, D., 2000:
Candida albicans-Derived beta -1,2-Linked Mannooligosaccharides Induce Desensitization of Macrophages

Vriesema, A.J.M.; Dankert, J.; Zaat, S.A.J., 2000:
A Shift from Oral to Blood pH Is a Stimulus for Adaptive Gene Expression of Streptococcus gordonii Ch1 and Induces Protection against Oxidative Stress and Enhanced Bacterial Growth by Expression of msrA

Stephens, R.S.; Fawaz, F.S.; Kennedy, K.A.; Koshiyama, K.; Nichols, B.; van Ooij, C.; Engel, J.N., 2000:
Eukaryotic Cell Uptake of Heparin-Coated Microspheres: a Model of Host Cell Invasion by Chlamydia trachomatis

McCole, D.F.; Eckmann, L.; Laurent, F.; Kagnoff, M.F., 2000:
Intestinal Epithelial Cell Apoptosis following Cryptosporidium parvum Infection

Mori, N.; Wada, A.; Hirayama, T.; Parks, T.P.; Stratowa, C.; Yamamoto, N., 2000:
Activation of Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1 Expression by Helicobacter pylori Is Regulated by Nf-kappa B in Gastric Epithelial Cancer Cells

Arnalich, F.; Garcia-Palomero, E.; Lopez, J.; Jimenez, M.; Madero, R.; Renart, J.; Vazquez, J.J.; Montiel, C., 2000:
Predictive Value of Nuclear Factor kappa B Activity and Plasma Cytokine Levels in Patients with Sepsis

Hall, B.S.; Pereira, M.A., 2000:
Dual Role for Transforming Growth Factor beta -Dependent Signaling in Trypanosoma cruzi Infection of Mammalian Cells

McKenna, K.C.; Tsuji, M.; Sarzotti, M.; Sacci, J.B.; Witney, A.A.; Azad, A.F., 2000:
Gamma delta T Cells Are a Component of Early Immunity against Preerythrocytic Malaria Parasites

Rago, J.V.; Vath, G.M.; Tripp, T.J.; Bohach, G.A.; Ohlendorf, D.H.; Schlievert, P.M., 2000:
Staphylococcal Exfoliative Toxins Cleave alpha - and beta -Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormones

Eichelberg, K.; Galan, J.E., 2000:
The Flagellar Sigma Factor FliA (sigma 28) Regulates the Expression of Salmonella Genes Associated with the Centisome 63 Type Iii Secretion System

Hondalus, M.K.; Bardarov, S.; Russell, R.; Chan, J.; Jacobs, W.R.; Bloom, B.R., 2000:
Attenuation of and Protection Induced by a Leucine Auxotroph of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Krisanaprakornkit, S.; Kimball, J.R.; Weinberg, A.; Darveau, R.P.; Bainbridge, B.W.; Dale, B.A., 2000:
Inducible Expression of Human beta -Defensin 2 by Fusobacterium nucleatum in Oral Epithelial Cells: Multiple Signaling Pathways and Role of Commensal Bacteria in Innate Immunity and the Epithelial Barrier

Nell, M.J.; Koerten, H.K.; Grote, J.J., 2000:
Bactericidal/Permeability-Increasing Protein Prevents Mucosal Damage in an Experimental Rat Model of Chronic Otitis Media with Effusion

Vukovic, P.; Hogarth, P.M.; Barnes, N.; Kaslow, D.C.; Good, M.F., 2000:
Immunoglobulin G3 Antibodies Specific for the 19-Kilodalton Carboxyl-Terminal Fragment of Plasmodium yoelii Merozoite Surface Protein 1 Transfer Protection to Mice Deficient in Fc-gamma Ri Receptors

Filiatrault, M.J.; Gibson, B.W.; Schilling, B.; Sun, S.; Munson, R.S.; Campagnari, A.A., 2000:
Construction and Characterization of Haemophilus ducreyi Lipooligosaccharide (Los) Mutants Defective in Expression of Heptosyltransferase Iii and beta 1,4-Glucosyltransferase: Identification of Los Glycoforms Containing Lactosamine Repeats

Sakellaris, H.; Hannink, N.K.; Rajakumar, K.; Bulach, D.; Hunt, M.; Sasakawa, C.; Adler, B., 2000:
Curli Loci of Shigella spp

Lauw, F.N.; Simpson, A.J.H.; Prins, J.M.; van Deventer, S.J.H.; Chaowagul, W.; White, N.J.; van der Poll, T., 2000:
The Cxc Chemokines Gamma Interferon (Ifn-gamma )-Inducible Protein 10 and Monokine Induced by Ifn-gamma Are Released during Severe Melioidosis

Lee, H.-Y.; Kehrli, M.E.; Brogden, K.A.; Gallup, J.M.; Ackermann, M.R., 2000:
Influence of beta 2-Integrin Adhesion Molecule Expression and Pulmonary Infection with Pasteurella haemolytica on Cytokine Gene Expression in Cattle

Molestina, R.E.; Miller, R.D.; Lentsch, A.B.; Ramirez, J.A.; Summersgill, J.T., 2000:
Requirement for Nf-kappa B in Transcriptional Activation of Monocyte Chemotactic Protein 1 by Chlamydia pneumoniae in Human Endothelial Cells

Ye, D.; Blanke, S.R., 2000:
Mutational Analysis of the Helicobacter pylori Vacuolating Toxin Amino Terminus: Identification of Amino Acids Essential for Cellular Vacuolation

Fradin, C.; Poulain, D.; Jouault, T., 2000:
Beta -1,2-Linked Oligomannosides from Candida albicans Bind to a 32-Kilodalton Macrophage Membrane Protein Homologous to the Mammalian Lectin Galectin-3

Terabe, M.; Kuramochi, T.; Ito, M.; Hatabu, T.; Sanjoba, C.; Chang, K.-P.; Onodera, T.; Matsumoto, Y., 2000:
Cd4+ Cells Are Indispensable for Ulcer Development in Murine Cutaneous Leishmaniasis

Onah, D.N.; Uchiyama, F.; Nagakui, Y.; Ono, M.; Takai, T.; Nawa, Y., 2000:
Mucosal Defense against Gastrointestinal Nematodes: Responses of Mucosal Mast Cells and Mouse Mast Cell Protease 1 during Primary Strongyloides venezuelensis Infection in FcRgamma -Knockout Mice

Zaleski, A.; Scheffler, N.K.; Densen, P.; Lee, F.K.N.; Campagnari, A.A.; Gibson, B.W.; Apicella, M.A., 2000:
Lipooligosaccharide Pk (Galalpha 1-4Galbeta 1-4Glc) Epitope of Moraxella catarrhalis Is a Factor in Resistance to Bactericidal Activity Mediated by Normal Human Serum

Tafazoli, F.; Holmstrom, A.; Forsberg, A.; Magnusson, K.-E., 2000:
Apically Exposed, Tight Junction-Associated beta 1-Integrins Allow Binding and YopE-Mediated Perturbation of Epithelial Barriers by Wild-Type Yersinia Bacteria

Robinson, P.; Okhuysen, P.C.; Chappell, C.L.; Lewis, D.E.; Shahab, I.; Lahoti, S.; White, A.C., 2000:
Transforming Growth Factor beta 1 Is Expressed in the Jejunum after Experimental Cryptosporidium parvum Infection in Humans

O'Neil, D.A.; Cole, S.P.; Martin-Porter, E.; Housley, M.P.; Liu, L.; Ganz, T.; Kagnoff, M.F., 2000:
Regulation of Human beta -Defensins by Gastric Epithelial Cells in Response to Infection with Helicobacter pylori or Stimulation with Interleukin-1

Leung, K.-P.; Torres, B.A., 2000:
Prevotella intermedia Stimulates Expansion of Vbeta -Specific Cd4+ T Cells

Udalova, I.A.; Vidal, V.; Scragg, I.G.; Kwiatkowski, D., 2000:
Direct Evidence for Involvement of Nf-kappa B in Transcriptional Activation of Tumor Necrosis Factor by a Spirochetal Lipoprotein

Golden, N.J.; Camilli, A.; Acheson, D.W.K., 2000:
Random Transposon Mutagenesis of Campylobacter jejuni