Induction de l'organognse sur des cals de Vicia faba minor provenant d'apex

Galzy, R.; Hamoui, M.

Canadian Journal of Botany 59(2): 203-207


ISSN/ISBN: 0008-4026
DOI: 10.1139/b81-031
Accession: 067685494

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In vitro cultivated plants of Vicia faba minor were propagated by microcutting and used as the initial material for these experiments. Shoot tips were first cultivated on callus-inducing media. The transfer of calluses to media containing lower levels of growth substances resulted, in some instances, in the neoformation of roots and shoots. Rooted plantlets were then obtained from these shoots. Auxins (α-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D)) and cytokinins (6-benzylaminopurine (6-BAP) and 6-furfurylaminopurine (kinetin)) clearly influenced the rate of callus growth and the capacity for organogenesis. They were mixed together to give four callus-inducing media, each containing an auxin (1 mg/L) and a cytokinin (5 mg/L). The media tested for organogenesis contained in each case the same growth substances as the initiation medium but the concentration of auxin and cytokinin was reduced and their ratio modified. Shoot differentiation occurred only when the auxin used was NAA. The most effective combination for shoot formation was the following: 0.1 mg/L Naa and 0.5 mg/L 6-BAP.