Effects of Contact Sensitization and Delayed Hypersensitivity Reactions on Immune Responses to Non-Related Antigens
Scheper, R.J.; von Blomberg, M.; van Velzen, D.; Veldhuizen, R.W.
International Archives of Allergy and Immunology 50(2): 243-255
ISSN/ISBN: 1018-2438 DOI: 10.1159/000231502
Guinea pigs were immunized intracutaneously into the ears with sheep red blood cells (SRBC). Application of a sensitizing dose of the contact allergen dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB) onto the same ears was shown to suppress or enhance the humoral response to SRBC depending on the time of application. When guinea pigs were sensitized to a contact allergen, application of a sensitizing dose of a non-related allergen on the same ears either had no effect or caused a clear enhancement of the development of delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH). Strongest enhancement was found when both sensitizations were performed on the same day. Further experiments on the effects of a concomitant DTH reaction elicited at the site of application of a contact allergen showed a strong potentiation of DTH when B-cell suppression was minimized by pretreatment with cyclophosphamide (CY). It was considered that CY-DTH-immunopotentiation might be a useful tool for achieving a higher level of sensitivity after epicutaneous sensitization.