The threat of reintroduction of natural transmission of Chagas' disease in Bambu, Minas Gerais state, Brazil, due to Panstrongylus megistus
Fernandes, A.J.; Chiari, E.; Casanova, C.; Dias, J.C.P.; Romanha, A.J.
Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 87(2): 285-289
ISSN/ISBN: 0074-0276 DOI: 10.1590/s0074-02761992000200017
In the Epidemiological Surveillance Program in the county of Bambuí, Minas Gerais, between August 1986 and December 1988, 154 Panstrongylus megistus were captured by the local population in both peridomicile and intradomicile environments. Fifteen (9.8%) of the P. megistus harboured Trypanosoma cruzi. Precipitin tests showed that the most frequent triatomine blood meal sources were birds, but other sources were dogs, men and cats. The isoenzyme characterization of 13 T. cruzi strains showed that six belonged to zymodeme Z1, corresponding to the wild cycle parasites, and seven belonged to zymodeme Z2, corresponding to parasites isolated from chronic chagasic patients (domestic cycle). As P. megistus were found to be naturally infected by parasites from both cycles. They are clearly able to transmit T. cruzi from the wild cycle to the domestic cycle. Furthermore the capacity of P. megistus in colonizing houses was observed in one residence, vacant for several years, in which 153 triatomines were captured. The data show the possibility of P. megistus reintroducing the natural transmission of Chagas' disease in the county if Epidemiological Surveillance is interrupted.