Role of Cd40-Dependent Down-Regulation of Cd154 in Impaired Induction of Cd154 in Cd4+ T Cells from Hiv-1-Infected Patients

Subauste, C.S.; Subauste, A.; Wessendarp, M.

The Journal of Immunology 178(3): 1645-1653


DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.178.3.1645
Accession: 068490518

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CD40-CD154 interaction is pivotal for cell-mediated immunity. There are contradictory reports on whether HIV-1 infection impairs CD154 induction. The interaction between CD40 and CD154 is important not only because it results in activation of APCs but also because it controls CD154 by diminishing expression of this molecule. Compared with healthy controls, CD4(+) T cells from HIV-1(+) patients had impaired induction of CD154 when T cell activation was mediated by CD40(+) APCs. In contrast, T cell activation in the absence of these cells resulted in normal CD154 expression. CD154 induction in HIV-1(+) patients and controls were similar upon blockade of CD40-CD154 binding. Defective regulation of CD154 appeared to occur downstream of the control of mRNA levels because up-regulation of CD154 mRNA was not impaired by HIV-1 infection. This work identifies CD40 as a mediator of impaired CD154 induction in HIV-1 infection and explains why this defect was not detected by studies where T cell activation was triggered independently of CD40(+) APCs. In addition, dysregulation of CD154 in HIV-1 infection likely contributes to immunodeficiency because diminished expression of CD154 induced by CD40 is of functional relevance, resulting in decreased dendritic cell maturation.