Hypoxia and Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-1 Modulate Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Dendritic Cell Activation and Function

Jantsch, J.; Chakravortty, D.; Turza, N.; Prechtel, A.T.; Buchholz, B.; Gerlach, R.G.; Volke, M.; Glasner, J.; Warnecke, C.; Wiesener, M.S.; Eckardt, K.-U.; Steinkasserer, A.; Hensel, M.; Willam, C.

The Journal of Immunology 180(7): 4697-4705

2008


DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.180.7.4697
Accession: 068490990

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Abstract
Dendritic cells (DC) play a key role in linking innate and adaptive immunity. In inflamed tissues, where DC become activated, oxygen tensions are usually low. Although hypoxia is increasingly recognized as an important determinant of cellular functions, the consequences of hypoxia and the role of one of the key players in hypoxic gene regulation, the transcription factor hypoxia inducible factor 1alpha (HIF-1alpha), are largely unknown. Thus, we investigated the effects of hypoxia and HIF-1alpha on murine DC activation and function in the presence or absence of an exogenous inflammatory stimulus. Hypoxia alone did not activate murine DC, but hypoxia combined with LPS led to marked increases in expression of costimulatory molecules, proinflammatory cytokine synthesis, and induction of allogeneic lymphocyte proliferation compared with LPS alone. This DC activation was accompanied by accumulation of HIF-1alpha protein levels, induction of glycolytic HIF target genes, and enhanced glycolytic activity. Using RNA interference techniques, knockdown of HIF-1alpha significantly reduced glucose use in DC, inhibited maturation, and led to an impaired capability to stimulate allogeneic T cells. Alltogether, our data indicate that HIF-1alpha and hypoxia play a crucial role for DC activation in inflammatory states, which is highly dependent on glycolysis even in the presence of oxygen.