Homeostatic Intracellular-Free Ca2+ Is Permissive for Rap1-Mediated Constitutive Activation of 4 Integrins on Eosinophils

Ulfman, L.H.; Kamp, V.M.; van Aalst, C.W.; Verhagen, L.P.; Sanders, M.E.; Reedquist, K.A.; Buitenhuis, M.; Koenderman, L.

The Journal of Immunology 180(8): 5512-5519

2008


DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.180.8.5512
Accession: 068491016

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Abstract
Although much progress has been made in understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying agonist-induced "inside-out" activation of integrins, little is known about how basal levels of integrin function are maintained. This is particularly important for nonactivated eosinophils, where intermediate activation of alpha(4)beta(1) integrin supports recruitment to endothelial cells under flow conditions. Depletion of intracellular Ca(2+) and pharmacological inhibition of phospholipase C (but not other intracellular signaling molecules, including PI3K, ERK1/2, p38 MAPK, and tyrosine kinase activity) abrogated basal alpha(4) integrin activity in nonactivated eosinophils. Basal alpha(4) integrin activation was associated with activation of the small GTPase Rap1, a known regulator of agonist-induced integrin function. Basal Rap activation was dependent upon phospholipase C, but not intracellular Ca(2+). However, depletion of intracellular Ca(2+) in CD34(+) hematopoietic progenitor cells abolished RapV12-mediated induction of alpha(4) integrin activity. Thus, residual Rap activity or constitutively active Rap activity in Ca(2+)-depleted cells is not sufficient to induce alpha(4) integrin activation. These data suggest that activation of functional alpha(4) integrin activity in resting eosinophils is mediated by Rap1 provided that the intracellular-free Ca(2+) is at a normal homeostatic concentration.