Protein Kinase C- Critically Regulates the Proliferation and Survival of Pathogen-Specific T Cells in Murine Listeriosis

Sakowicz-Burkiewicz, M.; Nishanth, G.; Helmuth, U.; Drogemuller, K.; Busch, D.H.; Utermohlen, O.; Naumann, M.; Deckert, M.; Schluter, D.

The Journal of Immunology 180(8): 5601-5612


DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.180.8.5601
Accession: 068491017

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Protein kinase C-theta (PKC-theta) is essential for the activation of T cells in autoimmune disorders, but not in viral infections. To study the role of PKC-theta in bacterial infections, PKC-theta(-/-) and wild-type mice were infected with Listeria monocytogenes (LM). In primary and secondary listeriosis, the numbers of LM-specific CD8 and CD4 T cells were drastically reduced in PKC-theta(-/-) mice, resulting in increased CFUs in spleen and liver of both PKC-theta(-/-) C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice. Furthermore, immunization with peptide-loaded wild-type dendritic cells induced LM-specific CD4 and CD8 T cells in wild-type but not in PKC-theta(-/-) mice. In listeriosis, transfer of wild-type T cells into PKC-theta(-/-) mice resulted in a normal control of Listeria, and, additionally, a selective expression of PKC-theta in LM-specific T cells was sufficient to drive a normal proliferation and survival of these T cells in LM-infected PKC-theta(-/-) recipients, illustrating a cell-autonomous function of PKC-theta in LM-specific T cells. Conversely, adoptively transferred PKC-theta(-/-) T cells were partially rescued from cell death and proliferated in LM-infected wild-type recipients, demonstrating that a PKC-theta deficiency of LM-specific T cells can be partially compensated for by a wild-type environment. Additionally, in vitro experiments showed that only the addition of IL-2, but not an inhibition of caspase-3, induced proliferation and prevented death of PKC-theta(-/-) T cells stimulated with LM-infected wild-type dendritic cells, further demonstrating that the impaired proliferation and survival of PKC-theta(-/-) T cells in listeriosis is not intrinsically fixed and can be experimentally improved.