The Ron Receptor Tyrosine Kinase Regulates Ifn- Production and Responses in Innate Immunity

Wilson, C.B.; Ray, M.; Lutz, M.; Sharda, D.; Xu, J.; Hankey, P.A.

The Journal of Immunology 181(4): 2303-2310

2008


DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.181.4.2303
Accession: 068491122

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Abstract
Receptor tyrosine kinases are emerging as a class of key regulators of innate immune responses. We have shown previously that the RON receptor tyrosine kinases (murine Stk), expressed on tissue-resident macrophages, inhibit classical macrophage activation while promoting hallmarks of alternative activation, thus regulating the critical balance between the inflammatory and wound-healing properties of activated macrophages. We have also shown previously that RON(-/-) mice are more susceptible to in vivo endotoxin challenge than wild-type mice, suggesting that the expression of this receptor confers a degree of endotoxin resistance to these animals. Here we demonstrate that, in response to in vivo LPS challenge, RON(-/-) mice harbor significantly increased systemic levels of IFN-gamma and IL-12p70 and increased levels of IL-12p40 transcript in their spleen. This elevation of IFN-gamma can be attributed to splenic NK cells responding to the elevated levels of IL-12. Analysis of RON and IFN-gamma receptor double-knockout mice indicates that the enhanced susceptibility of RON(-/-) mice to endotoxin challenge is dependent on IFN-gamma-mediated signals. In vitro studies demonstrate that stimulation of primary peritoneal macrophages with macrophage-stimulating protein, the ligand for RON, inhibits IFN-gamma-induced STAT1 phosphorylation and CIITA expression, resulting in reduced surface levels of MHC class II. Further studies demonstrating the induction of suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 via macrophage-stimulating protein/RON signaling provide a potential mechanistic insight into this regulatory pathway. These results indicate that the RON receptor regulates both the production of and response to IFN-gamma, resulting in enhanced susceptibility to endotoxin challenge.