47/MadCam-1 Interactions Play an Essential Role in Transitioning Cryptopatches into Isolated Lymphoid Follicles and a Nonessential Role in Cryptopatch Formation

Wang, C.; McDonough, J.S.; McDonald, K.G.; Huang, C.; Newberry, R.D.

The Journal of Immunology 181(6): 4052-4061


DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.181.6.4052
Accession: 068491161

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The alpha(4) integrins alpha(4)beta(7) and alpha(4)beta(1), and their ligands mucosal vascular addressin cell adhesion molecule 1 (MAdCAM-1) and VCAM-1, have diverse functions, including roles in the formation of secondary lymphoid tissues at early time points during the colonization and clustering of the fetal lymphoid tissue inducer (LTi) cells and at later time points during the recruitment of lymphocytes. In this study, we evaluated the role of alpha(4) integrins in the development of a recently appreciated class of intestinal lymphoid tissues, isolated lymphoid follicles (ILFs). We observed that diverse ILF cellular populations express alpha(4)beta(7) and alpha(4)beta(1), including the LTi-like cells and lymphocytes, while ILF stromal cells and vessels within ILFs express VCAM-1 and MAdCAM-1, respectively. Evaluation of adult and neonatal beta(7)(-/-) mice and adult and neonatal mice given blocking Abs to alpha(4)beta(7), MAdCAM-1, or VCAM-1 did not identify a role for alpha(4) integrins in cryptopatch (CP) development; however, these studies demonstrated that alpha(4)beta(7) and MAdCAM-1 are required for the transitioning of CP into lymphoid tissues containing lymphocytes or ILFs. Competitive bone marrow transfers demonstrated that beta(7)(-/-) LTi-like cells had a reduced but not significantly impaired ability to localize to CP. Bone marrow transfers and adoptive transfers of B lymphocytes revealed that beta(7) expression by B lymphocytes was essential for their entry into the developing ILFs. These findings demonstrate an essential role for alpha(4)beta(7)/MAdCAM-1 in ILF development corresponding to the influx of beta(7)-expressing lymphocytes and a nonessential role for beta(7)-localizing LTi-like cells to the small intestine.