Early Generation Selection For Protein In Glycine max G . soja Crosses

Erickson, L.R.; Beversdorf, W.D.; Voldeng, H.D.

Canadian Journal of Plant Science 61(4): 901-908


ISSN/ISBN: 0008-4220
DOI: 10.4141/cjps81-134
Accession: 068494187

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Early generation selection for high seed-protein content would be desirable in breeding programs attempting to combine high yield and high protein content in soybeans (Gycine max (L.) Merr.). The heritability of seed-protein content in the F2 and F3 was measured in four crosses and mass and family selection for protein were compared in the F3 of these crosses. Glycine soja Sieb. and Zucc., a putative wild ancestor of the soybean, was the male parent in all crosses and selection intensity was at 10%. The heritability of protein in the F2, calculated by parent-offspring regression, was 27%. The broad-sense heritability of protein in F3 families grown over two locations in one season was 78%. Mean protein content for every selected population was greater (P ≤ 0.01) than the mean for the non-selected control population (45.3%). Mean protein contents of the F4 populations resulting from these selection methods were: mass selection in the F2 and F3, 48.0%; mass selection in the F3 following one generation of single seed descent, 48.8%; selection among F3 families, 47.6%; selection among and within F3 families, 47.5%. Either method of mass selection was superior to either method of family selection at the 0.01 level. Although early selection (mass or family) raised the mean protein content of a population, segregation continued to give rise to low-protein genotypes thereby requiring further selection.