Factors Affecting Fertilizer Response of Wheat in Southwestern Saskatchewan

Read, D.W.L.; Warder, F.G.; Cameron, D.R.

Canadian Journal of Soil Science 62(4): 577-586


ISSN/ISBN: 0008-4271
DOI: 10.4141/cjss82-065
Accession: 068495022

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Fertilizer tests using hard red spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) were conducted in the field from 1967 to 1979 on stubble and fallow land on the major soil types throughout southwestern Saskatchewan. The yield, percent nitrogen and phosphorus in the grain, kernel and volume weights of the grain were measured, and the responses of each of these characteristics to N and P fertilizer were determined. These responses were related to soil measurements of available H2O, NO3-N, NH4-N and sodium-bicarbonate-extractable P, which were taken at seeding time, at depths to 120 cm, and to the monthly rainfall during the growing season. On fallow, nitrogen rates higher than 15 kg N/ha gave little significant increase. The yield increase per kilogram of P applied decreased as the rate of application increased. On stubble, the yield increase per kilogram of N applied decreased for each additional increment of N added, down to 3.1 kg/ha yield increase per kilogram of nitrogen per hectare when the rate of application was increased from 45 to 60 kg N/ha. Regression analysis showed that the soil and the weather variables used accounted for only 20% of the variability in yield on fallow crops and for 40% on stubble crops. Nitrogen content of the grain was only increased by rates of 45 kg N/ha or greater. The P content of grain was decreased by both N and P fertilizer.