Relations entre stabilit de l'agrgation et matire organique totale et soluble l'eau chaude dans des sols ferrallitiques argileux (Congo, Brsil)

Kouakoua, E.; Larré-Larrouy, M.-C.; Barthès, B.; Freitas, P.L.; Neves, C.; Sala, G.-H.; Feller, C.

Canadian Journal of Soil Science 79(4): 561-569

1999


ISSN/ISBN: 0008-4271
DOI: 10.4141/s98-056
Accession: 068495381

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Abstract
Organic matter (OM) generally plays an important role in soil aggregate stability. The objective of this work was to characterize the hot water-extractable OM and its role in the aggregate stability of clayey ferrallitic soils under different land use management. The macroaggregate (>200 µm) stability of these soils was determined before (AS) and after hot-water extraction (ASe). The contents in total organic carbon and in carbon present as carbohydrates, as well as the sugar composition, were determined on the bulk soils and their hot-water extracts.The carbon and macroaggregate contents decreased upon land-clearing and cultivation, but to a lesser extent when some cultural practices were used. Whatever the situation considered, the hot-water extract always presented a higher carbohydrate content than the bulk soil. The high values of ratios r = (galactose + mannose)/(arabinose + xylose) suggested that a large proportion of carbohydrates was of microbial origin. There were significant correlations between AS and the carbon content of bulk soils or hot-water extracts, and between AS and the soil carbohydrate content. On the opposite, whatever the soil sample studied, no significant difference could be found between AS and ASe, showing that hot-water extractable OM had thus no clear aggregating role in these soils. Key words: Organic matter, macroaggregate stability, hot-water extraction, carbohydrates, ferrallitic soils